Cold does not let Europe

Europe will not let the cold weather and climate

Unusual cold in Europe, which killed about 460 people, will continue for one week. However, the cyclone will move to the east, more affecting Italy and the Balkans — the countries that have recently had a financial crisis. Rare for Rome and Tripoli snow fell this year. According to meteorologist Jeff Masters weather in Europe during the winter 2011/12 can be attributed to the most severe in 20 years.

Record low temperatures were recorded in the usually warm south of Russia. In the south-east of the Krasnodar Territory temperature dropped to -28.2 degrees Celsius, in particular, on the Black Sea in Dzhubga — up to -20 degrees. In the resort town of Anapa temperature readings ranged from -15 to -18 degrees Celsius. Extreme weather conditions are not observed in the Black Sea region for over 100 years, and the usual winter temperatures rarely fall below 0. According to the Ministry of Health the number of victims in the winter in Russia is 110.

Bulgaria intends to suspend the export of electricity due to growing up in domestic consumption during severe frosts. The decision was taken by the Minister of Economics in low 400 megawatts per hour in the domestic market. Bulgaria exports an average of 1,000 megawatts per hour in neighboring Greece, Serbia, Macedonia and Turkey. When the temperature dropped to -28.6 degrees Celsius in the north-west of the country, the Ministry of Energy had to include the reserve capacity. In Bulgaria, killed 28 people, including eight villagers Beazer, drowned in a flood.

In France in the 52 regions of the 101 observed extreme cold and abundant snow. Authorities warned of the possibility of a power outage, when the evening of 8 February 2012 number used electricity exceeded a record 100,000 megawatts.

Thick ice formed in many regions of the Danube, halting circulation of ships on the main sea route to Europe. Danube, 2860 kilometers long, flows through 10 countries from Austria to the Black Sea and acts out a crucial role in irrigation, industry, fishing and power generation. Shipping was impossible or prohibited in Serbia, Croatia, Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary and Austria. In Bulgaria, 224 ship left standing in the ports.

Hungarian icebreaking vessel attempted to clear the ice-Danube in Serbia, but low temperatures prevent the operation. In Hungary itself 13 icebreakers were able to clear only the ports. February 8 in the Kerch Strait between the Black Sea and Azov Sea, which separates Russia and Ukraine, 126 ships were captured in the ice. In Paris, the city had to use the only icebreaker — a barge with snow machines — to clear the frozen canal in the heart of the capital.

Unlike most Europeans, eager warming, residents of the Netherlands with bated breath in anticipation of happy frost freezing the main channel, which would place the legendary skating competition. For holding the 16th and the first in the history of the last 15 years of competition Elfstedentocht («Tour of 11 cities"), ice had frozen to 15 inches along the entire route to 200 kilometers. But since February 8, started a small warming, and ice in some parts started thinning. More than 16,000 athletes and two million spectators disappointed this development.

In Germany, the cold allowed the hockey team "Hamburg Frizers" the first time to complete training on a frozen river Alster and the penguins at the zoo in western Germany had to hide in the room.

The map shows temperature anomalies characteristic of Europe and western Russia, in the period from January 25 to February 1, 2012 compared to the same time interval 2001-2011. Temperature anomalies derived from the analysis of data obtained with a scanning spektrodiametra MODIS satellite Terra. Areas where temperature readings were above average, marked in red and orange, and areas with below average — shades of blue. Oceans and seas are gray. As can be seen, the blue color dominates, so in most regions of the temperatures were below average. The strongest temperature anomalies are observed in the North-West Russia and the Black Sea.

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