Contaminated water sources, old cars, dotted with waste because of the lack of garbage collection roadsides and outdated thermal power plants transform Kosovo into a dustbin in the heart of Europe. "In a poor and technologically backward country environmental issues fade into the background" — indicates a special correspondent for Le Temps in Pristina Piotr Smolar.
According to statistics, environmental pollution causes annual losses amounting to 221 million euro and becomes the cause of premature death 835 citizens. Much of the damage — on account of outdated power plants "Kosovo A" and "Kosovo B" of the corporation KEK.
Despite the fact that the mission of international observers in Kosovo ended, the country is almost can not do without foreign aid. "Today's environmental catastrophe — a consequence of the colossal mismanagement, which involved, inter alia, the United States and the European Union", — says the author. 14 years after the war, Kosovo still has a serious problem with electricity: power outages in homes, stealing, multi-million dollar debt for energy.
The inhabitants of towns and villages near the TPP increased incidence of cancer and chronic bronchitis, the article says. Because of the strong contamination of the area they are deprived of the possibility of farming and to take water from nearby sources.
In most companies recognize that living near thermal power plants can be dangerous to health, arguing that the measures are taken. "We have invested in the environment 50 million euros," — said the spokesman, "KEK".
The main problem of obsolete power plants Kosovo — their filters. According to EU regulations the maximum permissible concentration of harmful substances in emissions of thermal power plants should be 50 mg per cubic meter, while in "Kosovo A" and "Kosovo B" of this figure, until recently, would be equal to 800 mg, writes Smolar.
Put into operation as early as the 1960s, the station "Kosovo A" should be closed in 2017. The government plans to "find investors for the modernization of the" Kosovo B "and build a third thermal power plant with capacity of 600 megawatts," — said the journalist.
Strongest criticism against short-sighted energy policy of the country chosen as the sole carbon source of energy. Experts note that with the "1999 to 2005, the country received in international aid nearly a billion euros. However, these funds have not gone on the development of alternative energy sources and energy efficiency. "
Nazir Sinani, a former spokesman for the "KEK", which became one of the most vocal critics of the company, believes that responsibly consuming coal, can reduce the negative effect of its use: "33% of the energy produced is lost — half due to a faulty network, half due to theft. "
Avni Zogiani, head of the local anti-corruption group, puts some of the responsibility for the current situation on the Europeans spent on Kosovo 1 billion euros, but has not decided the issue of energy supplies and distribution costs. "They are irresponsible littered with money," — quoted him as saying correspondent.
From the comments to the article. Another example of European Integration: Latvia. These plants are now they are not:
mopedu rupnica «Sarkana zvaigzne»,
Biokimisko preparatu rupnica,
Rigas laku un krasu rupnica,
Rigas kimiskais kombinats,
gumijas izstradajumu rupnica «Sarkanais kvadrats»,
Polietilena izstradajumu rupnica,
Rigas elektro un mehanisko sadzives aparatu, metalizstradajumu un rotallietu rupnica «Straume».
Rigas Pusvaditaju aparatu buves rupnica "Alfa".
Daugavpils lokomotivju remonta rupnica,
Rigas zvejas kugu remonta rupnica,
Triko velu un apgerbu fabrika «Mara»,
Ogres trikotazas kombinats.
Apavu fabrikas «Pirmais maijs», «Rekords», «Erglis»,
Liepajas apavu fabrika,
Adas fabrika «Kosmoss»,
kazokadas fabrika «Elektra».
Suveniru kombinats «Maksla»,
Suveniru kombinats «Suvenirs»
Serkocinu fabrika «Kometa».
Rezeknes piena konservu kombinats.
Westernization of Yugoslavia
The contours of European architecture has finally drawn home to his tenants.