Friedrich Nietzsche: About Russia and Russian.

1. "At the wicked songs." And why do we have a Russian song?

2. "For the occurrence of any institutions was necessary there should be a will, impelling instinct, anti-liberal to the brightness — the will to tradition, to authority, to account for the entire century, the solidarity of the past and future generations … If the will is there, then there is that sometime in the way of the Roman Empire, or like Russia — the only country that currently there is a future … Russia — a phenomenon otherwise miserable nervousness smaller European states, for which, on the basis of the "German Empire", came a critical time. "

3. "For the task that lies before us, is important evidence of Dostoevsky — this one a psychologist, incidentally, from whom I learned a lot, and he belongs to the lovely randomness of my life for the better, than, for example, the discovery of Stendhal.

    This profound man who had every right to put a low surface Germans felt something quite unexpected for itself in relation to the Siberian convicts, among whom he lived for a long time, these serious offenders, for which there was no return to society, and he felt that they were as have carved out a better, stronger, precious wood, which is grown only on Russian soil. "

4. "They obey the punishment, as a subdued illness, misfortune and death, so deep fatalism without disturbance due to which now, for example, the Russian have an advantage in life compared to us, the Western nations."

5. "Stronger than most surprising and will power is manifested in the great Middle Kingdom, where Europe seems to revert to Asia — Russia. There's strength has long been postponed to want to accumulate and there will waiting — is unknown, the will or the will of denial claims — wait threatening way that, at the current favorite expression of physicists, free. "

6. "The Thinker, which lies on the conscience of the future of Europe, with all the plans, which he is currently on this future will be with the Jews — and Russian — as with most faithful and likely factors in the great struggle, and the play of forces."

7. "A disease state is itself a kind of anger. — Against it is the patient only one great remedy — I call it Russian fatalism, that fatalism without indignation with which the Russian soldiers, when it is too heavy a military campaign, finally lies down in the snow. "

8. "The Russian fatalism, I was talking about … — this is in itself such circumstances in e l i k o f r a s u m e n e '.

The philosopher … which cast some doubt on almost all the basic principles of morality, religion, culture and socio-political relations, which are still considered to be the criterion of "civilization." We are talking about Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche.

This man made a great and still invaluable contribution to the existential meltdown of European civilization, marked the beginning of a general reassessment of values of the outgoing Christian culture. This man first gave a sober assessment of tough West as a civilization greed, pettiness, banality, decay and degeneration. This man written thousands of books, unworthy of his character.

Few people know about the special relationship of Nietzsche to Russian, Slavs to Russia. Writer Oleg Matveychev characterizes this attitude:

"Slavs, and especially the Russian Nietzsche simply adores. He composes himself a legend that he belongs to the descendants of the Nice Polish aristocratic family. He falls in love with Russian adventurer Lou Andreas-Salome, he meets and corresponds with Malvidoy Amalia von Meyzenbug — teacher daughters Herzen, who, by the way, is giving one of the subsidiaries of Herzen for Nietzsche.

Early Nietzsche enthusiastically read late Herzen, some researchers even found in the early works of Nietzsche plagiarism. Nietzsche admires Dostoevsky, calls it the thinnest psychologist, surpassing himself, in Turgenev Nietzsche borrows the word "nihilism" and makes one of the central problems in his metaphysics. When cultured Europe sees in Russian subhumans, wildness and lack of civility, see Hegel's words, the people, composed of still unreleased masters of slaves and irresponsible, then Nietzsche's just this savagery and delights. Only Russian, according to scattered here and there on various characteristics of aphorisms, Nietzsche advocate for the people of supermen, country gentlemen!

Nietzsche admired Russian internal freedom, honor, its treatment of women, determination, latitude, riot, game, crime, amoralism, vitality, Cossacks, adventurism and musicality. The history of Russia is the history of the development of huge, the biggest in the world, the northern spaces, the most savage and harsh. According to Nietzsche's favorite legend, here in the north country live Hyperboreans — supermen, the strongest spirit.

The history of Russia is a story of endless wars, no one fought so often and so brilliantly as Russian. If the war — it gentlemen, all fearless Russian — this gentlemen. Of course, the greater the number of wars and invasions suffered by Russia, has a huge number of people who are not afraid of death, that are ready to die, which is a basic condition for the rule. Russian fearless, they do not tremble for your body and do not value material. After all, in his lifetime, each of them had seen all the destruction, the severe weather and nature, the invasions and wars. Vanity all the cozy little world is so bourgeois illusory, that in Russia for a long time can not ever settle down low and nothing petty. War, famine and cold it daily, they are not terrible, so Russian and no servile fear grows out of it and the decadent philosophy and morality of the West.

It would seem that the harsh economic conditions in Russia and the DC voltage to the fight against the invaders have to give not only the landlord, but the servile psychology, psychology, arranged by the reality principle, the psychology of the person who submits himself to the work of the subject. But, the fact is that it is the destruction of war, hunger, cold, or famine, showing the inhabitants of this country, the senselessness and futility of effort, work. And this is the discovery of the secrets of Genesis. She meaninglessness of existence, is familiar to Russian. Therefore, they are not hard workers, as the Germans, do not try to learn and remember all the forms, methods, and technology. Russian scientists are not strong, but strong writers, composers, poets, generals, saints, ascetics.

Even the famous Russian laziness is a sign that people are not capable of hard grueling work on the "principle of reality" through which slaves lived. All work for the Russian too shallow, he would have powers to rule, and then offer to paint a fence. From repairing a fence or sitting at work, without the great, Russian begins to drink, and drink when it all comes out of his manor-wide, non-developed, driven inside, unconscious. Vodka replaces Russian art, because the only purpose of art, according to Nietzsche — drunk, destroying the border, do unsteady and fluid, as Being itself, to raise over himself. In a drunken spree gushing life itself, cut the last cucumber, the spirit triumphs over material goods.

In a normal country, the ratio of masters and slaves normal, little masters and slaves, most in Russian relations is clearly broken, then every second "and even Ayatollah Khomeini," as Vysotsky sang. Russia has much to do with that excess masters. Otherwise inside accumulate a large number of "criminals", the love of the romantic rogue in Russia also witness the master's spirit of its people. For a time, the problem was solved by an excess of the gentlemen by the colonization of the Cossacks. For a while due to emigration cultural, artistic elite. Sometimes helped the war and disasters. But they are only temporarily solve the problem, each time giving a new generation of neboyaschihsya death. War alone can constantly generate and solve the problem, solve again and again spawn. The eternal return of the same in the ever growing will-to-power. "

See also: Nietzsche by Dostoevsky

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