Hydraulic fracturing (freking) — a process that is used in the oil and gas industry for the extraction of fossil fuels to a depth of two miles beneath the earth — can directly affect the water supply in the country, reduce the number of places for recreation and water sports, as well as increase the value of Food.
For a complex cocktail that is required for each well, you need about 2 million pounds of silica sand as much as 100,000 gallons of toxic chemicals and from three to nine million gallons of fresh water. The country has
In 2011 — the last year for which data are available — the Texas energy company used about 26.5 million gallons of water. Energy companies to drill in Pennsylvania
This water supply companies that export up to three million gallons per day from rivers and lakes, and individuals who sell water from their own ponds, as well as municipalities.
Steubenville, OH, prints one of its tanks to
This Big Energy. However, the reserves of fresh water is not limitless.
For about the past five years, stocks of water in aquifers in the country have become much smaller. Depletion since 2008,
A significant reduction of flow is now quite usual for 1,450-mile Colorado River, which supplies water to 40 million people in California and the Southwest, including agricultural breadbasket — Imperial Valley in southeastern California. Lake Mead, part of the water system of Colorado, gives water to Las Vegas and the Nevada desert communities, and its level is close to the mark when
Drying up of rivers, lakes and aquifers — a consequence of population growth, increased water use, climate change and severe drought, which is rampant throughout the Midwest and the South-West for the last three years.
Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies (CERES), Based on their analysis of more than 25,000 wells,
Water at frekinge so important that oil and gas companies
If farmers have to pay more for their water, they will raise the prices of their products. If they can not get enough water due to the fact that energy companies charge as much as they can get, they will grow smaller crops and reduce the number of livestock, which will cause food prices to rise. This is a simple example of the law of supply and demand.
However, there are other problems. Some farmers and owners of corporate farms often sell water to energy companies, and they can get more money for water, leaving fields fallow, than can help out by growing crops and selling it to wholesalers and distributors.
The changing reality can cause a rise in food prices.
Fossil fuel production and agriculture have always coexisted. But now things are changing.
In North Dakota, Montana and Saskatchewan, covering approximately 200,000 square miles to a depth of 4,500 to 7,500 feet below the surface, lies the Bakken Shale oil shale deposits (Bakken Shale). Oil in these shales
Bakken Shale lies directly under some of the most fertile fields in the United States for the cultivation of wheat. North Dakota farmers produce nearly three-quarters of the firm of "amber" wheat ("amber durum"), grown in the United States. Which has a high content of protein, one of the hardest varieties of whole wheat, it forms the basis for most of the food in the world. This wheat is used to make all kinds of pasta, cakes pizza, couscous and many types of bread. Red wheat ("Ed Durum"), another variety, used for fattening cattle. North Dakota farmers last year
The destruction of the wheat fields, caused by a combination of global warming and frekinga, will lead to a drop in production, rising prices and the widening of hunger.
Leaders of energy companies, buying land and getting mining rights on leased areas, have become as much a disaster for the wheat fields, like locusts. However, gas companies and oil companies do not need too much cajoling farmers, many of whom at the time of the Great Recession are already on the verge of bankruptcy. Farmers have lost some of their land to energy companies in exchange for immediate profit and the promise of the future lease payments. By November 2012, there were in North Dakota
In 2006, the
The presence of companies making drilling for oil and gas, has also led to a decrease in the production of milk and cheese. Researchers from Pennsylvania, Riley Adams and Dr. Timothy Kelsey concluded: "The change of dairy cattle as well, probably due to the activity level of the development of the Marcellus field." In counties where there are 150 or more wells Marcellus Shale deposits, the average decrease in dairy cows
Under some of the most fertile agricultural lands in the country in the arid central California lies a deposit of Monterrey Shale Formation, an area of 1,750 square miles, which contains about two-thirds of the country's proven reserves of oil shale, about 15.4 billion barrels (647 trillion. Gallons). Drillers had already arrived for the purchase of licenses and their supply began what is likely to be the greatest country in the oil and gas boom.
Here in the central valley is cultivated more than 200 different crops, including
When politicians unleashed large-scale power, allowing it to apply in the country freking and produce gas, they are like parrots repeated assertions of power engineering that intensive drilling will raise the economy, lower prices for natural gas and help make the U.S. energy independent, freeing them from the need to import oil from -abroad. It turned out that the company bought up much more land than was required, and they have large debts to banks and surplus of natural gas, which caused a fall in prices
The solution is to make these patriotic corporations to reduce excess gas and support domestic prices, as the produced gas becomes less available, will develop plans to export natural gas to countries that will pay prices significantly higher than those now offers the U.S. market.
There is one problem. The United States can not import water.
See Doc. Movie: Shale gas: a death sentence ecosystem USA