The mysterious land of Hyperborea known to us from ancient Greek mythology, according to which the state is still in the north. Like Atlantis, the existence of a highly developed state is not supported by reliable historical or archaeological sources. Separate and modest archaeological finds in northern areas are known, but their relationship with the mysterious ancient country is controversial and therefore not recognized by mainstream science. Hyperborea was depicted in some ancient European maps until the Middle Ages, but rather because of tradition.
Ancient and medieval European maps are generally incredibly abundant "inhabited" the most bizarre people and incredible States located outside the studied European travelers of the world. Country of the Hyperborea in antiquity, is not precisely known. Various researchers have versions of the Arctic, Greenland, the Kola Peninsula and the Taimyr Peninsula in the Ural mountains. There is also a hypothesis that Hyperborea was on some kind of a small island or the mainland, which later sank as a result of a geological cataclysm. Because there are several versions, pointing to the territory of our country, some domestic esoteric propose to consider that in the symbolic sense of modern Russia it is the successor of Hyperborea.
At first glance, the extreme conditions of the far north do not look very suitable for the formation of a highly developed civilization. Achievements living in such conditions, Inuit, Chukchi and other northern nations, to put it mildly, quite modest. But, first, we do not know exactly where there was an ancient Hyperborea, and how it was cold in that historical era. Maybe the cold on its territory was serious, but not critical for development. History of Hyperborea, if you try to reconstruct it may look like. Highly developed people for some reason (war?) Migrates to the cold northern lands, or their faces on the ground with the climate cooling. But moderately extreme conditions become for him not to death, and a stimulus for further development of technology and culture. But in the future this civilization perishes due to the fact that the climate is becoming more and more cold, putting its people over the brink of survival. People are starting to migrate en masse to warmer lands. Abandoned homes for centuries sweeps the snow and ice cover the shell. It is very possible that Hyperborean this is just the mythical homeland from which the Aryans left. By the way Slavs are considered descendants of the Aryans and Hindus.
Secrets of the Hyperboreans You can try to reconstruct from the ancient Greek myths. In them there is a plot in which a girl Hyperboreans sent with the gifts of the god Apollo in the ancient Greek city of Delos, in the end did not come home. Perhaps they were at Delos, preferring the benefits of a warmer climate. After that Hyperboreans have to send gifts to Apollo by residents of countries between them and ancient Greece. If you remove the cover of the myth, it can be assumed that the original Hyperboreans were direct trade with the cities of ancient Greece, there delivering some valuable resource in exchange for missing the resources like corn. Maybe amber, which the Greeks believed the sun stone and could easily be sacrificed to the sun god Apollo, while finishing them his temples? But then for some reason the Hyperboreans transferred to the trade through intermediaries. Maybe the emigration of its citizens to sunny Greece or their return home (from the shopping expeditions) with tales of faraway solar Hyperborean country were perceived as a threat to the existence of the nobility of the state and direct contact ceased.
See also: Unique archaeological finds most bizarre archaeological finds.