We are almost ready to reject the assumption of the existence of a real geographical Shambhala, agreeing that it is, first of all, "the palace of wisdom within us." A special type of perception of mystical knowledge, for ease of reference made outside of our consciousness and "placed" somewhere in the Lost Hills.
Always difficult to believe that the greatest mystery, the most ambitious and surprising revelations of esoteric knowledge is inside us, in a non-realized "minimized" form.
It is therefore much easier and more convenient for our psyche to externalize the center of this wisdom, ie put it out of his own personality, creating somewhere outside "the country of Zion." This assumption about the mechanism of the legend of Shambhala is feasible. But at the very beginning of our story, we warned that the paradoxes of culture can sometimes make us doubt the most brilliant hypotheses.
Therefore, the reservation that there is strong evidence that the Shambhala nevertheless really exist or, at least, there is in the form in which legends say about it — in the form of a tantric state or halls of residence of some "wise men".
At this time, "a contender for Shambhala" is a Chinese Kunlun Mountain. According to ancient descriptions, Mount Kunlun in many respects surprisingly reminds us of Shambhala.
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According to the ancient "Canon Mountains and Seas" ("Shan Hai Jing") — catalog descriptions of some mysterious places — Mount Kunlun is located somewhere in the north-west, where really lies the Kunlun mountain range, which stretches to the west of the Central Plains of China, it is adjacent to Tibet and represents a chain of gentle mountains. Another name Kunlun occurring in the ancient texts — Tiantan ("Heavenly Hall") — this notable title we shall return later.
It is also important that in the real legends of the Kunlun mountain range is mixed with some of the Halls of Kunlun — whether a country, or a mountain. In any case, it is — a place of their ancestors and the immortal abode syaney. According to the legend, lives on the top of the Kunlun supreme spirit Tai-di. It rises to 500 (about 250 km), and it emphasizes the "Canon of Mountains and Seas", that "there is the center of the earth."
Let us pay attention to what it describes this area one of the most ancient treatises diagrams "Shanhai Jing" ("The Canon of Mountains and Seas"): "Within the seas, in the north-east, is Mount Kunlun. It is the capital of the earthly ancestors. Kunlun Mountain is in the eight circles whether it rises to the height of ten thousand zheney …
It is home to many gods. On the edges of the eight towering cliffs, they are surrounded by the Red River. Not having such perfection as Hunter (skilled Chinese hero myths that hit several suns in the sky — AM), can not climb the steep rock. "
Before us is an important feature — at Kunlun can only get skilled, very special person. Just as in Shambhala.
Another feature that immediately catches the eye — and Shambhala, and surrounded by the Kunlun Mountains to the eight parties (other versions — the eight mountains) that surrounds the river. Mount Kunlun Chinese tradition attributes a lot of amazing things. First of all, contains the founder of the Chinese nation, one of the legendary pervopraviteley Huang — "Yellow ruler."
It was from him went the entire Chinese race, he taught many people the tricks, and the followers of one of the greatest mystical currents of thought — Taoism — consider it one of the original founders of the school.
He lives on the mountain an animal Kaimin — "Proispuskayuschee light," which protects the nine wells, fenced jade, and nine gates. It looks like a huge tiger with nine heads and human faces. Kaimin stands on top of the Kunlun, turning to the east. Along the way, we mention that in the territory of Shambhala, too, as legend has it, there were nine of the deepest wells, leading to the center of the earth, and guarded them formidable Buddhist spirit with a beam of lightning (Vajra) in his hand.
But for our discussion is the other most important — the Kunlun mountain is famous in the first place was the fact that here lived those who have achieved immortality. They are the good energy that was thought to have beneficial effects on the entire Middle Kingdom, and even though people did not know about them, yet they are doing their part for thousands of years, bringing peace and quiet.
To achieve immortality is first necessary to have smelt a pill of immortality just a few hundred hand-picked ingredients, which were kept secret, for example, silver amalgam (mercury alloys), copper, mercury, arsenic, heavy metals, crushed minerals! Herbs have been used in small quantities, so they were considered rather useless, and one of the magicians, paced in immortality, Tae Hoon (III-IV century). Somehow pathetically exclaimed: "They can not even save themselves, wither and fade. How could they keep the longevity more! "
All these components of the years floated in a special crucible in a secluded place, usually in the mountains. In this case ought to practice for long meditation sessions, engage in special gymnastic and breathing exercises, in order to completely purify and pacify your mind, to come to a state of complete "samozabytiya" joyful detachment and "non-action" when a person becomes able to follow the law and the absolute path of all things " Member way. "
The main habitat of the immortal sages and was considered the greatest of magicians still the same Kunlun Mountain, and these amazing people have been resettled on its slopes according to their status, which is determined by their magical powers and wisdom. Flocked here by those who understood the secret wisdom of life, joined the cosmic life Tao, and so gradually slopes Kunlun allegedly formed a country wise men and the immortal gods. From here they can move freely in the sky, and on the mountain, like the stairs, go down into the world of men. Kunlun Mountains, as well as Shambhala, considered the center of the earth, not by chance it was known as "the capital of the Earth's celestial ancestors."
Here live all those whom the Chinese tradition holds great sages and ancestors of humans.
Moreover, here is the ancestral home of the oldest of all Chinese people! Thus, according to a legend, the ancestors of all people Nuwa and Fuxi, brother and sister, lived in the Kunlun mountain top while others are people in the world at that time did not exist.
Here on Mount Kunlun inhabit those whom the Chinese tradition calls syanyami. Usually in modern literature the word hsien translated as "immortal" or "undying celestials. Indeed, it is the value of the concept of xian acquired in folklore. But initially syani were not some other-wordly beings, but very specific shamans, magicians and mediums. And they really had a wonderful gift to enter into communion with the souls of departed ancestors.
Going into a trance under the influence of psychotropic drugs, and various concoctions, magic and dance rhythmical beats of gongs, as if they made the journey into the world of the beyond — the world of the dead, the world of the souls of ancestors. These souls lived somewhere high on the mountain, where, and went syani, not even by accident character for xian, portrayed by two elements — a "man" and "mountain".
Xian as a shaman was able to open your consciousness to higher forces, and sometimes, as a medium, even "let" them inside. It was he who embodied the personal connection between the human world and the spirit world, the world of the living and the realm of the dead. Over the ages changed the name of this character, its social role and function, but the sacred meaning remained the same.
The way of life and behavior syaney can be correlated with early dancing shamans. In some versions, the idea of syanyah came with settlers from the West, some of the sacred "western lands", and in that time it meant the smoke from the body, which soared to the sacred Kunlun mountains during the ritual burning of the deceased. Thus, the hsien was literally "spirit" incorporeal representative of the person.
Gaining status hsien, usually understood as "immortal", most often in the early legends linked with the journey to Mount Kunlun, which dwelt on the spur of all the famous characters of Chinese history, who gained immortality, including Fuxi, Huang Di, Lao-tzu and many others. Halls of Kunlun Mountains were the ideal point of the aspirations of the aesthetes and intellectuals of the period of the Tang-Song (V-XIII cc.). Medieval poets dreamed of "having fun in peach booths on the slopes of the Kunlun", "inhale fragrant aromas of gardens and admire the flowering plums on the spur of the Kunlun."
Syanam attributed many wonderful properties, including training people to secret knowledge, the transfer of certain traditions that can bring harmony to the world. It is possible that the concept of xian was introduced to China from somewhere in the West, and originally stood for the spirit of the man who continues to reside in the body of the deceased at the time of cremation and soars upward, reaching peaks Kunlun. Gradually, in the folk tradition syani turned in some celestial beings.
Interestingly, in order to ascend to Mount Kunlun and syanem be required to perform substantially the same conditions as for the entry to Shambhala — undergo a complete physical and spiritual cleansing, clear the mind of all thoughts about yourself and a desire to bring perfection through his own good to others .
And every step of the ascent to the Kunlun one gets more and more wonderful properties and eventually transformed into an immortal deity. Hence there is no return — the man is either Celestial or dies.
Similarly, there was no return of those who indulged in search of Shambhala.
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