"One girl, a twelve Mary Spencer, condemned because
she used to collect water,
keep a bucket of mountains and the trip out ahead of him,
as if beckoning him to her. "
Anthology "Beach and hammer. Witch Hunt in the XVI-XVIII centuries "
In Texas, hundreds of thousands of students appear in court for committing a "very serious" offenses, such as swearing or farting in class. Some of these so-called criminals (also known under the term "adolescents") face arrest and even imprisonment, like the honors pupil, who spent the night in jail for truancy, or that the 12-year-old girl, who was arrested for using perfume. In these cases, there is at least one thing in common — a controversial special police patrolling the corridors and public school classes.
Despite the growing political pressure on schools and the demands increase police patrols of American schools, the practice shows that armed guards would only push the problem of teenagers in the criminal system. Human rights activists have warned that the security guards at schools legalize what is known by the term "pipeline from school to prison."
To understand the potential consequences of deploying police officers in public schools, we must look to Texas, where school children forced into the most advanced in the country, "the pipeline from school to prison." According to human rights activists of the youth group Texas Appleseed *: in the 2010 school police have written 300 thousand students of criminal subpoenas, some of them — to 6-year-olds.
As the New York Times: Texas Appleseed and the local head of the NAACP ** in February filed a lawsuit against the leadership of the school district with the prosecution in the criminalization of children, especially those with colored skin. According to the lawsuit, Bryan Independent School District of Texas County Brezos disproportionately writes Agenda black students, potentially violating the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Blacks are 46% of students received summonses for 2011 and 2012, despite the fact that they constitute only 21% of all students.
Most of the subpoenas were issued for offenses students 'class C', and the children were forced to miss classes to attend court, and often receive additional penalties under the school district. The lawsuit states: "These students are faced with fines, court costs, community service, probation and mandatory participation in the program" convicted for the first time. '"
The suit adds that, often, these problems do not end there. If students are not in court, or the parents can not pay the fine, the state government prescribe them pending arrest warrant, as long as they turn 17 years old. Thus, these agenda "pursued children from school to adult life, fixing their convictions and serious offense that is taken into account for admission to college, the military or to work."
Human rights activists added that many of the misconduct for which are issued summons to the schools of Texas, apparently quite trivial to get paid for their criminal record. For example, some of the offense, "P", in accordance with the criminal code of the state include: the use of profanity, offensive gestures to demonstrate the use of "chemicals" for "improper smell", creating "undue noise in a public place." In other words, screams, use deodorant, and farting, and in general, teenagers in Texas — now officially outlawed.
Many analysts, and even some Democratic congressmen laughed when Executive Vice President Wayne NRA *** LaPerr proposed to introduce into the school armed security guards, following the shooting in Newtown, saying the famous folly: "Only one thing can stop a bad guy with a gun — a good guy weapons. " However, shortly after the press conference LaPerra, the White House unveiled a plan calling for an additional 1,000 "specially trained police officers to work in schools." A special committee NRA just last week published its draft proposal with a detailed introduction of armed guards in every school. The head of the committee, former Republican congressman Asa Hutchinson, has announced his intention to run for governor of Arkansas, just a few days after the publication of the draft.
"Clearly, we believe that [the armed guards] will have a positive impact on all components of school safety," — said at a press conference Hutchinson.
Several academics and judges dispute the claim of Mr. Hutchinson, and agree with the reports of Texas Appleseed, which show that police in schools transforms the latest in a less safe place than the children's prisons.
"There is no evidence that the introduction of school increases security police," — said University of Maryland criminologist Denise Gottfredson journalists New York Times. — "This step only increases the number of minor misconduct, because of which the children are passed into the hands of the police, and thus pushed into the criminal system."
Even the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Texas Wallace Jefferson accused the administration of the state in the construction of the "pipeline from school to prison."
"We are criminalizing our children for non-violent offenses", — he said in his address to the biennial State of the judges, referring to the 300 thousand subpoenas, written annually students of Texas.
Source: In Texas, Police in Schools Criminalize 300,000 Students Each Year, Steven Hsieh, AlterNet, April 12, 2013.
* Apple seed — apple seeds.
** NAACP — National Association for the Advancement of Colored People — National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
*** NRA — National Rifle Association of America — the National Rifle Association, USA.