In the Indian Ocean have found the missing continent

19.03.2013

Photo: news.nationalgeographic.com

 

In two thousand miles from the coast of Africa, south of the island of Madagascar is a popular place for tourists — the Republic of Mauritius. Scientists believe that the small island on which the republic, there was 9 million years ago from the cooled lava after the eruption of an underwater volcano. Recently, however, scientists have discovered a grain of sand on the island of Mauritius, which contain particles of the mineral zircon, which are much older than the island itself — they up to 2 billion years old.


In a recent study, researchers concluded that these minerals once belonged to now-defunct land, small particles of which went up in the era of the formation of the island of Mauritius.

Explorer and geologist Bjorn Yamtveyt together with their colleagues from the Norwegian University believe that the lost mini-continent, which they called Mavrica was less in four of the island of Madagascar. Moreover, based on data from the ancient division of the continents, the scientists concluded that once Mavrica was a small part of the vast "supercontinent", parts of which were also India and Madagascar.

According Yamtveyta the three pieces of sushi formed a single huge continent before the formation of the Indian Ocean. But like the ancient Atlantis, Mavrica drowned when 85 million years ago, India separated from Madagascar. Scientists have long thought that the volcanic islands you can find evidence of the existence of lost continents and Yamtveyt with a team of geologists decided to prove this hypothesis during an expedition to Mauritius in 1999.

Mauritius — a relatively young island and zircon could not be on it in a natural way, which is why the expedition to Mauritius is best suited to test this theory. As a result, the island was found zircon, which has 9 million years, which clearly indicates the presence of the sunken continent, explained Yamtveyt.

However, the geologist of the Paris Institute Jerome Diman questioned the results of a study of Norwegian scientists. He believes that the ancient zircon could appear in Mauritius other unnatural way — for example, as a ship's ballast or a modern building material. Diman, who was not involved in the study, said that "the exclusive hypotheses require extraordinary evidence which the authors of the study do not offer." Diman added that if Mavrica really once existed, it would have found evidence of this deep seismometers near the island of Reunion in the same area of the ocean.

Translation Sergei Vasilenkova

See also: How is the cremation in Bali, Ice Antarctica.

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