Myth: Western countries since ancient times been famous great composers, writers, artists and poets. European architecture — one of the richest and most sophisticated in the world. Theatres of Europe and the United States are famous for famous actors and unforgettable performances. Growing up in such an atmosphere, western sinks in love with the beautiful mother's milk.
What makes up the cultural level of society, according to the authors of this book? As a rule, of two components: education and learning. Education, in turn, consists of general knowledge, as well as the orientation of a person in areas such as literature, music, painting.
The issues raised in this chapter can not be considered separately from the other issues that have been described above or of which the reader has yet to read it. Upbringing and education — is a consequence of many factors, and the general level of education in the country and the society's attitude towards the educated and the internal moral and ethical values of the individual.
Dictionary Ozhegova interprets education as "behavioral skills, grafted by family, school, environment and manifest themselves in public life." Chekhov described the main features of educated people: "They respect the human person, and therefore always indulgent, soft, polite, compliant and candid … They are afraid of lies, like fire … They did not despise himself with that goal, to bring in another sympathy. They are not vain … If they have the talent, we respect him … They raise the aesthetics. ". In simple words, education — it is not only the ability to use cutlery, but also the vector of thought, and more — the elementary etiquette in communication. And if the first problem with the instruments of Western society somehow won, then in the second they currently handle hard enough.
Democratic state, which, according to Western man, is the standard of organization of society, for freedom of speech for all its citizens, and in all aspects of life. And the citizens, quite unashamedly, and express to you my judgment on this or that issue, even if the judgment is not supported by any facts. If the citizens, for example, do not like what you Russian origin, they are all kind, behavior and manner of speaking immediately will inform you. If you tell them, for example, that you live in Germany, because your husband is German, you will hear in response: "All foreigners are here …" And wildly Russian man watch such bad manners and lack of restraint, but freedom of speech prevails.
Europeans often characterized by strange to us saying that, for example, that Gagarin was launched into space instead of a dog, that he did not even have higher education and Ziolkowski for him was to remain a priori unknown writer, the reason being that Gagarin — comes from a peasant family . And these people can not have a good education and, especially, to read fiction. (Background of this judgment can be found in the chapter number 15). And then it occurred to me one Russian saying: "By myself I do not judge other." Whereas in Germany the son of a peasant, and sometimes do not dare to dream of higher education in the Soviet Union and Gagarin, and Degtyarev, and Kurchatov, and Cradle created history and came from ordinary families. European citizens are unaware that the Soviet Popular education is radically different from their European popularity specialization. It was common for us: to have a home and Tsiolkovsky, Pushkin and Lermontov, and Tolstoy, and Dostoevsky and read them, even if you have only three years of education of rural school.
Literature studied in the Soviet school since elementary school. Every child knows the names of Nikolai Nosov, Corneille Chukovskogo, Sergei Mikhalkov, Samuil Marshak and could quote by heart passages of their works. In middle school, everyone wanted to be like Timur and his team at the Children of Captain Grant and the girls quoting Shakespeare by heart. In high school it was unacceptable not to know the names of prominent Russian and foreign writers. Music lessons were given an idea of musical styles and about the great composers. So step by step formed man of culture, because culture was based society. This is a painstaking and hard work.
At present the West, unfortunately, as a result of consciously chosen concept of postmodernism, many people have remained among the nation that the product of Bitter about Danko, sat in the "swamp and the crown of the forest."
From the letters of emigrants:
Israel. "The cultural level of society? I met with this issue, especially at work. Topics of conversation, not of money, sex or politics, are not considered.
Adults who can seriously multiply 20 x 10 using a calculator, and when it is not, ask about it at all present. Finally, remember that the calculator is in the computer and make these complex calculations there. Of course, here I am talking about ordinary people — the workers. "
Canada. Teacher Michael Shaturin describes the current situation in Canada: "In the West, high cultural level of society? Yeah, this is something the "level" and was the main motivation for me to go back!
I called in Toronto in some office, asking how to drive it. At the end of the line is not a janitor, and a young lady with a bachelor's degree.
I — Well, well, these two streets, then parallel?
She — Oh, no, sir, they are not parallel, they just go along the other one!
The words "parallel lines" did not understand, and almost no one got me a 10-graders (I worked as a teacher).
Was friends at work with an English teacher who gave lessons at the same time on the block flute. Were talking about how easy it is to master this tool. I — Russian idiot — has decided to insert a quote from "Hamlet" about the fact that "playing the flute as easy as lying," reasoning that a Canadian English teacher needs to know "Hamlet" as well as her Russian counterpart would know " Eugene Onegin. " My God, she was mad at me! Confused me with Shakespeare and took a quote for attack in his address, until I told her finger in the book is not pointed.
On the other teacher (that is, it is bachelor of pedagogy) in conversation mentioned Don Quixote. She claps eyes in response. I said that I have in mind the character of Cervantes.
-?? Yes, when I was studying in school, did not take a course in world literature, how do I know about this Cervantes?
And indeed, from where …
One day my 12-graders (young people 18-19 years of age) were arguing "about the Second World War." Since the physics lesson was I to interfere in their dispute did not, and took the position of the observer. And the votes are. Some have argued that "the Soviets were in that war ally of Hitler." Others argued that "the Soviet Union was at war with Germany, and Germany won." It is only the most advanced young man condescendingly remarked that "in the war helped the Russian Canada." This is the cultural level to which they will go into effect.
If at the cultural level of society to understand not only the level of education, but also the level of everyday culture, it is possible to add:
— The constant theft, which requires a huge amount of surveillance cameras — all dotted with them there;
— The constant danger of lice at school, about which we have not heard the Brezhnev of the USSR;
— The habit of washing dishes is not running water, and a water-filled sink (ie, rinsing it in the slop);
— The lack of habit of washing their hands before eating (as I understand it, this is typical "Soviet" feature, a marker: Who in America wash hands before eating, he is probably a Soviet spy);
— A huge number of "humor" that is associated with intestinal gas: this is always talking (and not only). Pupils in the classroom, with sparkling wit American on this topic stroll in the popular cartoon "Shrek", even in a film about the "American mission to the moon "them" astronauts "to discuss this aspect of cosmic life (you can imagine like the lips of Gagarin?).
Next, each had lived in the West continue to list itself.
Add one more thing: when I tried to discuss with Canadians, some social problems associated with the school, the answers are constantly heard in exactly the same words! From New Brunswick to British Columbia unfamiliar with each other, people not only "thought" the same, but even expressed in similar terms. Just like in the novels of Kafka! I note that, in my feeling, people North. America, among whom I lived, were all "older children" T. is, never tried to think for themselves, set in a deadlock issue, answered: "Yes, just opened!» (Its just the way of things!), relied entirely on the authorities. That is, behave like children. At those levels of Western society that I have observed, "adults" I have not seen: they are somewhere, of course, there is, but run "children" by. I note in the direction that the Soviet (later) the community children, on the contrary, grew quickly, thanks to a good education and plenty of spare time. And turned into a typical teen: yazykatyh nisprovergateley authority, scoffers and skeptics who do not want to reckon with reality. Just like in the song at Okudzhavy: "They are all handsome, all the talents, all the poets!" Many have remained "teenagers" to gray hair: after all, to transform the teenager into an adult should eat the bread of affliction and experience the responsibility for themselves and for others . But it was this that was the main Soviet "deficit." The results of this long-standing tineydzherstva we could fully enjoy a "restructuring." However, this is another story … "
Austria. On classical music, as well as general culture in Austria, says AV Sidenko, pianist, teacher, graduate of the State Music College and State Musical and Pedagogical Institute. Gnesinyh, Moscow. Teaching since 1994 in music schools in different regions of Austria.
"When I came in autumn 1994 in Austria, in my mental baggage that almost unshakable axiomatically was rooted next myth: Austria — a country with deep and classical musical traditions alive!
The cause of the myth, I think, is simple: 1) the musical people — amateurs, professionals, school children, students, teachers — from childhood absorb the greatest examples of the creative human spirit rises, and examples of exclusive, unique — and yet fairly massive, concentrated on Austrian soil for some 150-160 years from Haydn to Mahler — manifestations of classical music.
Well, it does not suggest — knowing all this, living it, loving it all — that there is a deep-rooted, living, blooming and "evergreen" musical and cultural tradition. The tradition, which assumes a well-developed didactically and methodically, time-tested system of music education — from primary to tertiary levels — a term called "school"?
Our wonderful teachers and professors with sparkling eyes told us the lectures on the history of music of their idols — the composers of the Second Viennese School, their brilliant works …
I will write about what I watch for almost 17 consecutive years. What I am going to tell you, can attest to how my colleagues who emigrated from the former territory of the Soviet Union and Austrian colleagues of those who are not infected with a virus "lukewarmness" in relation to their profession.
In music schools in Austria has long been widespread system «Stunde zu zweit», ie — "a lesson together." This is when the individual lesson in a classroom with one teacher and one instrument at the same time there are two students. (That is, one learns, and the second at this time "chasing goosey." — Approx. YS). The fact that is not always possible to pick up a couple of more or less suitable to each other in terms of development, ability and interest in the subject students, which is well aware of each teacher and director, no one cares. We are talking about the economy: the parents of each of these students pay full hour of training, their children receive the same de facto only a half-hour lessons. Sometimes it is reasonable questions from parents, such as: "Why, actually, I'm paying for a full hour, if the hour is divided into two?" They quickly calms the director on duty for years and polished phrases: "It's a rule for the entire school system in our region as the region has to save the situation with the budget — you know what … "- and so on parent says something like," Uh … Well, if so, then it is clear … What am I to do … "- and nods head. Then the next moment of encouragement: "But if your child shows progress, the 3-4th year students can think about how to translate it to a full hour of individual … For the same money." There is usually a parent, "relaxing", "Well, what is good, true …".
How to invent, if the quality of education suffers if the student communicates with the teacher 25 minutes a week, instead of 50 minutes?
Those who went to the Soviet music school, remember that from the first classes were not only lessons in the specialty — 2 hours a week, but the lessons and ear training — also for 2 hours a week, and so-called "musical literature" — 2 hours per week. In addition, in high school there was a chamber ensemble — from grade 5 — piano ensemble from the 6th — accompaniment. Were in high school and also learned music theory — 2 hours per week.
Here on this student, or rather, his parents could only dream of. As has already been said: 1 hour per week ("lesson together") — a specialty, plus 1 hour per week 8 consecutive weeks, a few months before the transition or final exam — lectures on the topics of music theory.
The lack of theoretical academic disciplines such as history of music leads to the fact that even good students (of which there are, of course, tends to zero) at the end of training did not know who Rachmaninoff, Scriabin, Prokofiev, Shostakovich … Names Liszt, Ravel, Mahler, Bruckner and others for them — too often a mystery. Pianists are not aware of the greatest representatives of the specialty, as the same Rachmaninoff, as Richter, Benedetti-Michelangeli, Gould. This is all despite the fact that a huge number of records in all formats available on the internet today! We, the representatives of the generation born in the 70s, such a free access to the treasury of world music and the performing arts could only dream. Often, students of music schools is almost completely unaware of the most famous symphony or opera-ballet and symphonic works, such as, for example, 3, 7 symphonies of Beethoven, 3 or 4 symphonies of Brahms. Schubert — the greatest Austrian composer, crown, one of the absolute giants of world music — do not know at all, except, perhaps, in his name, do not know the symphonies of Tchaikovsky, Chopin know the crumbs of unlearning. You can continue for a long time. The picture is depressing.
After all, if ignorance of even the names of Russian and Soviet creators of the world's cultural heritage can still be attributed to a concussion resulting from the information war, the lack of knowledge of what to write off such names of "their" German-speaking authors as Rilke, Remarque, Hesse, Mann, often — Goethe, Schiller? Not only myzykant, but any educated man who graduated from high school, let alone university, must be familiar with the names and pieces that make up the world's cultural heritage.
"Blame specific teachers" — you say. Yes, but we need to educate people to play an instrument, first of all. The fact that we manage to cram into the heads of schoolchildren from the theoretical knowledge in just 50 minutes a week, but still "together", we do. However, you can not use all the lessons in their specialty at the cultural and musical education of the child — Bolivar can not carry double. Try and person wishing to become a pilot, read only the course of history and theory of aeronautics, and then put him on a plane. Fly? That's just it! — I will answer.
Will there be anything better? No. It will not. It will only get worse. Well, if you do not like an avalanche. Unless, of course, not a miracle will happen. The usual, wonderful.
Music schools literally suffocates today's financial situation. Hundreds of children every year in Styria can not get into the music school; Often, people are lining up part — abandon this idea.
At the same time drastically reduced funding for music schools: "… At six million euro budget should be reduced 48 Styrian music schools. According to the plans cost the state government, the future of the school stands at only 18, instead of 24 million euros. Two million euros to be saved in 2012, the remaining four — in 2013 …"
"… The reason for the loss of the quality of teaching director called an inefficient system: overcrowded classrooms and a misallocation of resources. Teachers are forced to work in his spare time to adequately promote gifted students …"
And one more thing, which the Austrian director of music schools rightly considered one of the key reasons for the significant under-funding and catastrophic deterioration of the overall situation, "… the results of Styrian participants" Prima la Musica " <…> Deteriorated. "There is a noticeable loss of quality" — says Gerhard Frayinger, director of the School of Music and Chairman of the Board Ayzenertsa music schools — an advisory body to the government of the land. The subject of criticism number two in connection with all of this: the section on music schools in the state government is busy and lead people, "not related to this specialty," that, in fact, says Frayinger, substantially would not have to deal with anything to do music schools. In addition, they are too little heed to the Council of music schools. This is also reflected in the fact that the Council has ceased to be convened by the state government …"
With many years of lack of funding is one more curious fact: "mnogostanochnost" Austrian teachers of music schools. The teacher teaches many different disciplines at the same time, often quite far from each other on the type of instrument and technique of playing. For example, one of my colleague teaches accordion, dulcimer, violin, recorder and piano, the other — the violin and piano, another colleague teaches tuba, trombone, Other low copper, and until recently taught and "kibord" Piano and cello … "Kibord" — a single song! It's, you know, self specialty in Austrian schools! A much larger number of students want to engage in "kibordom" rather than a piano.
Fared no better, and with a common culture. Something I've noticed above — ignorance of many young people names like Rilke, Remarque, Hesse, Mann, etc. Interestingly, the name of the Mendeleev as the creator of one of the foundations of the whole of human science — periodic table of elements, there is simply hushed up in Austrian high schools. Suppose that all or most of them. The question of Mendeleev I asked several schoolboys and schoolgirls studying in different high schools in Austria. The first time I asked this question in 1996. The answer "do not know" I was so stunned that since I set it permanently. It is clear that the name of Gagarin — closely guarded secret that the names of Pushkin, Dostoevsky, Gogol, Chekhov, Tolstoy, even in spite of Hollywood's "War and the worlds" — an empty phrase, trudnorazbiraemy non-Russian ear. About all this I was told Austrian intellectuals and educated people. Interestingly, the age of the people, for which most of the above names of creators is not just a vibration of air — from 45 years of age or older. They, like me, believe that in the last 10-20 years there has been an avalanche-like "collapse" the quantity and quality of knowledge that brings young people from high school. Yes, and university education, in their opinion, is not improved. (See Myth number 21). A lot of adult Austrians, at the age of 45, even with a college degree, have never heard of names like Jules Verne and Stevenson, Hemingway and Dreiser, Jack London, and sometimes even Shakespeare. Generations of children and adolescents in our country rose by these authors, adults re-read their works. Rare quadragenarian the former Soviet Union will say that he has never heard of these creators of culture in the truest sense of the word. And at the center of Europe — have not heard!
The trend of "obeskulturivaniya" of the masses in the so-called developed Western countries seem to have a global character. Do not be surprised if this trend — just one of the external, visible manifestations of the project, which aims at a radical restructuring of life of human societies as a whole and of each particular individual, and, in the foreseeable future. "
France: It would seem that in a country with the famous theaters of the Grands Boulevards, with beautiful architecture, which gave the world the big names of the great writers and artists, the situation should emerge otherwise. But.
From the letters of emigrants:
"In the West, the high cultural level of society? Sheer lie: in France, as elsewhere, the whole society is divided into "layers". There are a large number of people interested in nothing, never (!) Not being in the theater, and about the opera and say nothing, or do not read anything (!) Or browsing popular newspapers that are trying to cause a sensation at the lowest level, of course, it is not caring about the "education of its readers" (other than a money-making then?). A lot of people look downright tasteless, easy to smehoty, wearing these flashy, cheap, according to them "fashionable" thing …
Other, more developed cultural layers are trying to stay apart: live, for example, in the more expensive neighborhoods, "to be among his" carefully choose a school for their children, etc.
Even so-called "bourgeois" layers are not the same "cultural development". I am intimately familiar with a very well secured "old" families with a long family tree, on "Sunday dinner" which can just die of boredom, marveling at how little interesting and exciting as those discussed many topics and, to be honest, middle-class and stagnant. But, to their credit, all of this is expressed in a very good language, no foul language, with great courtesy, and no one ever on my life is not complaining. Everything is perfect!
The vast majority of people here do not read literature in general, not to mention the classic works. Everyone is busy with others: work, discussing taxes, the expression of dissatisfaction with the politicians or immigrants, etc.
The culture here — it's a luxury. Opera and ballet are, say, 80 or 100 euros for the statement. It is necessary to have that kind of money also need to have the time that is necessary to be rich enough to afford to spend the money without working from morning to night. If you have children, then for the evening (which you will spend at least 160 euros for two), you will also have to pay the Minimum Wage babysitter, and that another 50 or 60 euros.
Once by going to the "land of the Loire" — a place in France with a lot of royal palaces — I accidentally met a girl from Tomsk. She once told me about the various palaces, their sights and stories. I really caught my eye, because "the local" people often talk about those same palaces as follows: "Well, this one is very nice … a lot of tourists … But this is beautiful on the water, and so forth." At the same time the girl from Tomsk, said that "here Leonardo da Vinci has built an interesting staircase, and here he conducted these experiments here." It seemed to me characteristic of the Russian people: they do not "relax", and want to know everything. "
Netherlands. Here, he writes about the culture of Dutch society by Irina Malenko in his book "Sovetika."
"After the USSR, I felt in Holland as if he was in the obscurantist Middle Ages. The fact that the selling porno magazines and "toleriruya" red-light area, society demeans the dignity of all women, it was too difficult for them straight and flat worldview, in which the shape and packaging were certainly much more important than the content. Dutch women considered it a matter of humiliation normal, did not imagine a different life, and almost proud when they are assessed by the size of their bust and buttocks shaped like a thoroughbred horses on the market. "My breasts are over 20 years only 4 centimeters longer!" — Screams the whole country a sample of "successful Dutch business woman" presenter Linda de Mol. One can only sympathize with a man, if he has nothing else to boast of. They sincerely believed that expose their breasts and behinds on display on the beach is a sign of women's liberation and their own free choice, denying some reason just as the free choice to wear a headscarf Turkish and Moroccan immigrant. "
In conclusion, we present an excerpt from the book by S. Kara-Murza "Manipulation of consciousness," and let the reader decide for himself, I would like him to such characteristic of Western culture and education for themselves and their loved ones.
"In the last two decades, the media are actively promoting a new kind of art — performance (performance). This is a scenic view without a hard scenario. It combines visual arts with theatrical improvisation. It goes to the roots of Futurism and Dadaism, sometimes referred to as happening, body art, conceptual art. One of the main concepts of this art is just the destruction of the ethical and aesthetic standards, the removal of all kinds of taboos. Here are a couple of recent posts on the representations that caused a lot of interest. With great success in a number of countries (Mexico, Spain, Italy, Slovenia) three years ago, was presented to the performance "episois." Website called "the modern Frankenstein." The essence of the play is that the actor is placed naked in the set on the stage of "machine of torture." It has computer programming and hydraulic devices that can stretch the mouth, nose, ears and other parts of the body of the artist, causing him pain. Viewers can control the machine that brings them great pleasure. By the way, in Spain, this performance was arranged at St. Esteban — the saint, whom the Romans tortured. In Slovenia, the same author had put the monstrous human heads made out of meat.
The winter of 1999 in the House of America in Madrid with great success at the artist from Mexico to the performance "Jeu Latina." On the table was a huge huge and very similar to the author's nude human figure, made of sweet jelly and shipped as a coffin, a cream cake (in the newspapers then published beautiful photographs). The artist also completely naked (but in a mask), a large machete cut on guests and gave them to the various parts of his body. At first, the cultural elite ate reluctantly ("One kind of things causes diarrhea" — complained one woman). But then ate with great appetite. According to the newspaper, reproductive organ solemnly ate bride artist. It turns out that this performance the author wanted to express "cannibalism of modern society." With the problems of manipulation of consciousness is directly related to extra-moral concept of the "fourth power" — the press. In recent years, the corporation press officers made a huge step towards the total eradication of shame. Shamelessness itself has become a particular technology that disarms a normal person, making it even more defenseless against manipulation. Today we are experiencing a new qualitative change — the very exposure of the cases outright lies strengthens the influence of the press. "
You can still argue long about Western culture, leading a wide variety of examples. One thing is clear: the culture, created in Soviet times, in many ways superior to the European one. West could not break us the war, but he tried to destroy our cultural heritage, replacing his self-destroying mass culture. And, unfortunately, this effort has been successful in many ways. Are you ready to "go down" to the European cultural level, having attached to it also your loved ones?
From the book