Journey to the center of the world to the crater of Nyiragongo Danger Zone
In June 2010 a group of scientists and researchers came to the lava lake boiling in the depths of the crater of Nyiragongo in the heart of the African Great Lakes region. Each year, the lava is growing, so aim of the expedition is to study the volcanic lake to prevent the next disaster.
1) View from the edge of a volcano on a distance of 3.5 kilometers from the earth. At a depth of 400 meters lava lake has created one of the wonders of the African continent.
2) Continuous lava lake in Nyiragongo — the largest lake in the world. In 1977 and 2002, the lava rose to the rim of the crater, destroying much of the city of Goma in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
3) The surface of the lake burst gas bubbles.
4) Despite the risks, expedition team wants to walk on the shores of the lake.
5) Nyiragongo — the most active volcanoes of 8 African Virunga mountain group.
6) Start the descent to the second terrace. Considered the main danger cave rock.
7) The base camp is located 120 meters above the lava lake. The total weight of the transported equipment, food and water for 2 days is about 600 pounds.
Preparing for the expedition lasts 4 months.
9) Jacques Barthelemy, a climber and experienced researcher Nyiragongo, move equipment to the second terrace.
10) Volcanic gases make a team of researchers to wear masks during sleep.
11) to measure the size of the lava lake uses special equipment — laser remote sensor.
12) Volcanologist Dario Tedesco collects samples for the study of gas Nyiragongo volcanic activity.
13) Scientists are sure to understand the following can occur when a volcanic eruption, it is necessary to take measurements for some time.
14) During the night camp is illuminated by light of the lava lake.
15) The purpose of the expedition — to reach the edges of the lava lake. No one had survived such a meeting.
16) The members of the expedition team will communicate by radio data on the activity of the Lake and gases.
17) Climbers determine the best way of descent.
18) Pierre-Yves Bourget collects a sample of gas at the bottom of the crater.
19) on the surface of the lake burst gas bubbles.
20) Frank Pot approaching lava. For such a close encounter needs wind flow from the back to repel the heat of lava.
21) Mark Kaye — the first member of the expedition team, which is close to the edge of the lake.
22) Olivier Grunewald prepares photographic equipment to protect it from high temperatures as high as 1300 degrees.
23) Approaching the lava requires improved security.
24) Olivier Grunwald radiopodderzhka need to know where they can move safely.
25) Olivier Grunewald time and does not feel the heat when snapping photos.
26) The biggest risk — pouring the lake shore. Therefore, the members of the expedition, monitor the activity of the lake from the second terrace, warn others of the dangerous lava.
27) At the dawn of the lava lake colors are extremely beautiful, even though gas clouds can hide all in a split second.
28) pouring the shores of the lake begins at night.