Modern Germany: postmodern takes off his mask

The idea to write an article about the various aspects of social life in Germany came to us in a German cell for a long time. However, the final impetus for this was the recent discussion at a meeting of the cell how hard postmodern penetrated all spheres of the society of modern Germany. During this conversation, we also noticed that the people who have lived abroad for a long time, many postmodern simulacra (forms that have no content or even deny it) have already become familiar to the eye and therefore does not produce a clear rejection. In such a situation, a person would like a little abstracted from the post-modern reality, including internal protective filters, and tries to live his usual life, saying to himself, "this is all some minor oddities, they do not concern me, and certainly in my family like never will. " In the end, we decided to describe some manifestations of postmodernism in Germany, which has firmly taken root in the minds of German society and which can be easily found in almost every corner.

First let's look at the innocent, you can say "everyday" by German standards, the radio advertising in the German town of Kaiserslautern. This poster with a naked woman for more than a year is posted on the shopping center. The meaning of advertising — to beat the name of a local radio station "Antenna", the inscription on the poster reads "Antennas — nothing else to wear."

1 - Antenne

Advertise radio station "Antenna". "Antennas — nothing more to wear"

In general, the naked body, as well as advertising strip clubs, sex shops and sex fairs are not considered in modern Germany something indecent. Their ads are hanging open in the main squares, roads and streets. Similar ads and advertising is not only not an immoral act, and belong to the category of absolute normal advertising and can be placed near the historical monuments, museums, train stations, and educational institutions. The fact that the streets go small children, also does not bother anyone. Indeed, in the post-modern society to children from infancy to instill that this is not a perversion, but there is a "free" disposal of his body, and that the prostitute and stripper — it's such a normal profession as a teacher, an engineer or a worker.

2 - Erotik messe Berlin

The announcement of the sex trade fair in Berlin

3 - Erotik messe mannheim

The announcement of the fair sex on the streets of Mannheim

4 - Strip Club

Advertise strip club in Kaiserslautern in front of the monument to soldiers of the 23rd Bavarian Infantry Regiment who fell in the First World War.

Related sexual minorities and sex in general devote museums, sex everywhere hints advertising, things like that all aspects are discussed in magazines for young people, who are the target group of young people aged 12-16. For example, not so long ago, one of the authors of this article, standing in line at the cashier at the grocery (!) Store, I decided to look through the youth magazine. Attention was drawn to an article about a girl of sixteen. The heroine house had a private room for clothes and a lot of nail polish (at least twenty pieces of different colors and shades — "the dream of every modern girl"). Seemed unusual as the growth of women: in their sixteen, she was two heads taller than his mother. The first thing that came to mind: "Apparently, something with hormones …. look how many syringes. Chances are innate. " In part, this was true — syringes girl used to work hard has female hormones. The heading "my new daughter" finally put everything in its place — it was the story of a courageous and persistent boy who went against all standards and public opinion and in its sixteen became a girl — proud new mum.

Demonstration of the story? Absolutely! But does this go against the standard boy-girl? Or is it the de facto standard of behavior?

Similar cases in Germany are not uncommon, but a few references from the respected German publications (Die Zeit, Der Spiegel, Stern)

1. An article in 'Die Zeit' «Because I am — a girl."

Thirteen-year boy realized that he was a girl. The article also goes the argument about at what age a child can take hormones that block its natural biological processes and contribute to the development of processes typical of the opposite sex. [1]

2. An article in 'Der Spiegel' «Error on the celestial factory."

The story of Kim (Tim) Petras — a boy who has to twelve years took female hormones and drugs which inhibit the action of male hormones, and at sixteen years of a surgical sex change operation. Now Kim (Tim) is a popular German pop singer. [2]

3. An article in 'Der Spiegel' «Schoolboy transsexual Marco in someone else's body."

The girl, who was fifteen years finally decided to become a boy and is now receiving from your doctor testosterone injections and is preparing for surgery, she will be able to do that in a couple of years [3].

4. An article in the 'Stern' «The Perfect Turn".

Monika Strub, the candidate left the Socialist Party of Germany («Die Linke») in the parliamentary elections of the federal state of Baden-Wuerttemberg. In the recent past, Monica was a man and was an extremist right-wing party — the party of neo-Nazis («NPD»). Coming out of the NAP Monica (last Horst) has decided to radically change their political or sexual orientation, and joined the party of the "Left" in which she defends the interests of the minority, which is very important to the modern left-wing parties in Germany. It is worth noting that the party "Left" won the federal elections in 2009, 11.9% of the vote and is included in the parliament. [4]

5. An article in 'Der Spiegel' «in the wrong body, Now I — Stephanie".

Young girl Stephanie, who was "born in the body of Stephen" and a couple of years ago, has finally decided to "open". Now she is taking hormones and hopes for a sex change operation in the near future. Stephanie considers herself a lesbian. (!) She now lives with their parents, which will eventually come to terms with her decision. Her friend in all of its support. Stephanie wants to have children of their own, but that she would have to freeze the sperm, as if she wants to conceive the traditional way, health insurance does not pay for her sex change operation. [5]

What is the cause of such phenomena? Whether they are accidental or natural? We believe that the post-modern reality of modern Germany has long defined the laws of such a development relationship to sexuality and family issues. To give the reader a clear idea of the issue, we decided to look at the streets of German cities through the eyes of an ordinary passerby. Note that we are not looking for anything special, all the photos were taken on the way to the university, the store or the pool for two weeks.

6 - Optika

Advertising stand in front of optics at the mall

5 - Vodka

Advertise vodka on one of the stops trains.

Sticker in the Berlin subway: "And when you really felt that you're heterosexual?" It's part of the LGBT movement campaign against homophobia, heterosexism and heteronormativity. Actually, the poster urges people to heterosexual (attracted to the opposite sex), you wonder why and when they are realized and felt that want to build their relationships (family and sexual) just with the opposite sex.

7 - LGBT

"And when you really felt that you heterosexual?"

Subject LGBT relationships as long exaggerated in movies. In one of the youth centers, where one of the activists of the German cell went with her two-year daughter on a Christmas tree, hanging advertising a film about a lesbian vampire, who is shown in the same youth center next door. Also, a brief description of the plot, which is designed to interest young people, "… Not only the police, but the guy is looking for Lena vampires. When he finds his lover, he finds the true depth of his feelings for her, but he wakes jealousy Louise, which is also in love with Lena. "

8 - Nacht show

Advertise movie at a youth club

Although many residents perceive this postmodern reality for granted and as a sign of a tolerant and democratic society, there are also many people who are trying to convince themselves that they and their families will be protected from such influence and that their children will be brought up within the norms and traditions that existed in the family and in society before. Indeed, the psychological well-established personality can resist the pressure from the outside (advertising, cinema, "trends"), but if it will work with dignity to raise her child? This confidence immediately disappears as soon as the person living in Germany for the first time confronted with the massive influence of the state on the education of children. On an early sex education in Western schools has already been written in the book "I want to live in the West! About myths and reef life abroad "in chapter number 16. [6] In Germany, as in most Western European countries, the lessons of early sex education compulsory! They start in the first grade and needs, according to German experts, in order to "prevent the spread of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, prevention of early pregnancies and sexual abuse of children." That is why in order to avoid the effects of "globalization, the rapid spread of new infections, HIV and AIDS," is proposed to begin sexual education of children from birth.

Roughly speaking, Western scholars have recognized the danger of a powerful stream of corruption and its terrible impact on society, but rather to eliminate the causes that lead to violence against children, they offer to give children the "right" information about sex at birth, to get ahead of "harmful and the wrong sources. " On the "efficiency" of this approach and its scientific basis we will write below. And now, a closer look at what actually is this early sex education.

Very colorful it can be explained by the example of several images. For example, a drawing for students of the fourth (!) Class of one of the city's schools Lute at the lessons conducted by Mrs. Paeh. [7]

9 - Sex picture for pupils


"How to have sex" for the students of the fourth (!) Class.

Or the picture of the book that teachers demonstrate in detail the children in the classroom, and discuss with them [8]:

10 - Sex picture for pupils (2)

Visual images for younger students in the classroom sex education.

The text of the same book:

"When Anna-Lisa leaned his ear to the door, they heard her parents giggle. Wow, they do not sleep, and that's Anna-Lisa is already in the room:

— Hi, it's me! I can not sleep.

Pope responded first: "Come on, Anna-Lisa, what's wrong?"

— I was bored and I wanted to see if you still do not sleep. But what's going on here? You're not dressed. Are not you cold?

— No. We are currently very, very much love each other and want to be very close. As much as possible at all … ".

The text is of course included a colorful picture. I wonder what such a text can teach a child nine years?

One may get the impression that this is all a few examples in special schools or trial. Unfortunately, this is not the case. Such an approach to sex education of children in Europe for many years, are working at the highest level. Here is a quote from the framework document, developed in 2008 by the Regional Office of the World Health Organization (WHO) [9] and called to approve the common standards of sexual education of children throughout Europe, including Russia (note that this document was approved by Alexander Alekseev, DC Representative of Russia to the Council of Europe in 2012). This document is prepared for signature in 2013, after which its standards will be introduced in kindergartens and schools throughout Europe. This document, anyone is free to download from the WHO, where it is available in seven languages: Russian, English, German, Finnish, Italian, Danish, Spanish [10].

According to this document, "sex education begins at birth. From birth, babies learn the value and joy of body contact, warmth and intimacy. Soon after that, they know that there is a "clean" that — "dirty." Later, they will learn the difference between a man and a woman …. The idea is that parents birth, particularly children send signals associated with the human body and its proximity. In other words, they are engaged in sexual education. " That is, scientists believe that a touch of the mother to the baby from the very beginning has sexual overtones. But how do scientists propose to raise their children, based on the fact that sexual feelings are manifested in them at an early age? Children aged 0 to 4 years old are invited to provide information about the "feelings of joy and pleasure from touching one's own body, masturbation at an early age" (excerpt from page 44) [11]:

11 - WHO

Excerpt from "The Sex Education Standards" — information for children aged 0 to 4 years.

That is what research and scientific facts cited with similar documents, we consider in detail in a separate article. We only note that many of them are subjected to serious criticism, such as the fundamental work "father" of the sexual revolution of the United States of Alfred Kinsey's "Kinsey Reports" that were funded from "the Rockefeller Foundation." And now let us return to the realities of life in the West.

Worth mentioning that the majority of the German population is passively to such innovations in the policy of sex education of children. All that is not published in the mainstream press does not lead to public protest. Despite the clearly expressed dissatisfaction with the small part of the parents, the majority either agreed with the actions of the government, after hearing their arguments, or passive expresses dissatisfaction. Unfortunately, if you did not clothe this dissatisfaction to the active form, the reforms are adopted, even against the will of their parents.

Some readers may think that the easiest way out of this situation will not give the child to kindergarten and start classes on sex education in school. But it will not lead to success. Not only is the child surrounded by 'enlightened' children will still receive this information after the lesson firsthand, so parents are still breaking the law. The fact that the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, which has ratified most of the countries, guarantees the right of children to freedom of expression and the right to seek, receive and impart information and ideas of all kinds (Article 13), the state must provide children with information of any kind to protect them including from sexual violence (Article 19) [12]. This means that parents in Europe are required to send their children to sex education lessons at school. And if the standards of early sexual development, developed by WHO, will be adopted, these lessons will introduce already in kindergarten. If parents begin to violently protect their children from the "sex-height", in the case of the family can step in the juvenile justice system (in Germany it is represented by a separate ministry — Yugendamtom). Indeed, the restriction of sexual freedom of children by parents is a good enough reason for going to Yugendamt as in modern Western society the child is a "full-fledged subject," that is "independent person having specific qualities and needs, including in terms of forms of intimacy, sensibility and curiosity (to the body) "[13]. About these rights to children from an early age to tell the school, and special ministries prepare for this relevant materials which they spread among teenagers and children. Here is an example of such a booklet made by the urban center of youth awareness of Munich [14].

On the subject Yuyu in Germany, we have written several articles and reports about the Germans were doing, who are struggling with the juvenile system:

Juvenile Justice in Germany (Interview with the organizer of the protests) [15]

The German cell at a rally against the juvenile justice system in Germany (31.10.2012) [16]

Report on rallies against the Juvenile Justice in Germany [17]

Series of commercials about the arbitrariness of Juvenile Justice in Germany (Part IV) [18]

The main conclusions on the subject of the juvenile system in Germany are as follows:

Yuyu problem in Germany is uniquely available (evidence of this — the numbers, many cases of interference in normal families, as well as views of German experts).

Juvenile justice policy in practice is not aimed at helping children and the destruction of the family.

Private firms (such as private orphanages), as well as a variety of family psychologists and experts earn a lot of money at each stage of intervention in the family without causing any family or child no real help.

Juvenile officials view the child as a thing which they can manage on your own.

Yugendamt often gets access to the family, when the family has some (often small) problem, and it was then already fully tests this family in all respects.

Protest of the population and is not issued in the case of education reform more in the nature of passive discontent. The problem of the removal of children from families in most cases perceived as legitimate state action to protect children.

While working on this article, we came across another interesting poster, made by German juvenals, and placed on one of the streets of Berlin. The main text on the poster reads: "Adopted children bring liveliness to the family …". It is the "sparkle"! By itself, the phrase is an example of immorality and shows the true essence of postmodernism, when the form (adoption of a child) is not just divorced from the content (mercy, help, compassion), and it completely contradicts (liveliness, entertainment). The poster also explains, for whom an adopted child can bring "liveliness", "lesbian and gay", "for singles, married and living in a civil union," "and even for those who are 45."

12 - Kinds

A poster on the topic of juvenile justice in Germany: "Adopted children bring liveliness to the family."

Another interesting topic that tolerance is seen in the German society, is the use of soft drugs, particularly cannabis. The fact that in Germany hashish de facto allowed. That is, de jure it is forbidden, but in practice the dose for "personal use," the police did not pay attention and generally turns a blind eye on the use of soft drugs. Indeed, the image of the strict prohibition does not fit into the "strongly smoky" youth discos, clubs, bars, subway and public parks. It turned out that the situation is not so simple. By law, cannabis is ranked to narcotics and illegal possession, acquisition, cultivation and trade onymi (license issue, eg., For therapeutic purposes) in Germany punishable by imprisonment for up to 5 years [19].

But there is a "but." Keep hashish can not, but you can use. So the police officer detained the smoke-filled adventurer, his arrest is not allowed except for situations where the actions it will pose a threat to society, for example, sitting behind the wheel. Drug use is referred to as "self-harm impunity" (German rechtlich straffreie Selbstschadigung), that is, if a man harms himself, in this case, the law he can not deny it.

But in practice, in general there is an unwritten rule of three grams (on the forums, it varies from one to ten, but the principle is important.) The fact that the compassionate guardians of law and order, even catching stoned adventurer having marijuana in a dose that is appropriate for treatment for "personal use" are limited to the confiscation of the dose and reprimand. Progress in such cases usually do not give. And it is very widely and openly discussed by many German internet forums. Here is a lively discussion of prices of "weed" in various cities in Germany [20]. And here tell how nakurivatsya house: [21]. There are even special websites where advised to grow at home environmentally friendly hemp seeds on the condition of anonymity, which will deliver directly to your inbox [22]. And there are forums and websites a huge amount.

In fact, modern Germany officially recognized the defeat in the struggle with the use of soft drugs among young people. Certain services of the state trying to somehow minimize the effects of this phenomenon. An interesting example is, for example, security movement. The legal consequences of drug use, "the wheel" in Germany is very serious and will cost a potential intruder to break the bank despite the fact that the driver will be disqualified from driving. Although the justice system is working very well in Germany, the situation of drug use and driving each year it only gets worse.

According to the Federal Statistical Office of Germany, the number of accidents involving drivers who have taken drugs in the last twenty years has increased by 3.3 times (from 434 to 1440) [23]. For example, in 1991 in Germany, 434 road accidents occurred in which drugs played a role. In this case, 18 people died and 224 — were seriously injured and 404 — lungs. In 2001, there are 1,080 accidents, which killed 63 people were seriously injured — 586 and lungs — 1004. In this case, the number of deaths in such crashes in the period from 1991 to 2001 increased by 150%. And in 2011 the total number of accidents, which played the role of drugs is equal to 1440.

We plotted the number of accidents in Germany, involving drivers who have taken drugs in the last 20 years, to illustrate the dynamics of the growth in the number of such accidents. The classification is made by accident severity of the health of the victims: light, heavy and deadly.

Also for comparison, the number of road accidents in Germany over the last twenty years involving drivers who abstained from alcohol [24]. As you can see, for 20 years the number of such accidents has decreased by more than two times on all counts! It turns out that the problem of drinking and driving the German authorities wanted and were able to cope. But with the drug problem, the situation is completely reversed: the number of accidents over the years only grows.

graphic 1 - drugs

The number of accidents in Germany involving drivers who have taken drugs. [23]

graphic 2 - alcohol

The number of accidents in Germany involving drivers who abstained from alcohol. [24]

If you look at the problem of drug use and driving a bit on the other side — from the perspective of a man who decided to get the right to drive a car — that the eye immediately rush to two facts. First, in the first chapter tutorial on driving a car in Germany (similar to the comments and clarifications to the SDA) tells all (!) Popular types of drugs, their effects on humans and the ability to drive, as well as ways to detect in the body. Here is an example of such a description (pages 15,16 tutorial)

13 - Drugs

The first chapter of German aid in driving the car.

These characteristics are given for the

Hemp (cannabis)

MDMA (Ecstasy)

SPEEDY (Speed)




It may seem that the inclusion of such a drug reference, before describing the foundations of traffic is to create a beginning driver the impression of imminent harm and danger of drugs. This is partly true. However, giving such knowledge, the German security service motion de facto recognizes that novice drivers (mostly young people) can quite easily in everyday life encounter with drugs, and wants to draw the attention of students to the serious consequences of drug use is driving. All the complexity of the problem and its scope was also forced the German specialists bring a lot of questions on the topic of drug use in the examination papers to drive a car.

Here are some examples of such questions (note: German exam tickets for one question may be more than one correct answer):

14 - Narkotiki2

Some of the exam questions in theoretical examination for the right to drive a car in Germany.

Although the number of questions about the drugs (their total number is 30) in the examination of tickets seems small compared to the total number of questions (of 1800), but on average, every second (!) Examination ticket (only 60 tickets) asks a question about the implications of drugs and driving.

The next topic that we would like to highlight in his article reprint is huge editions of Nazi newspapers in the framework of the "Newspaper Witnesses» (Zeitungszeugen). The reason for this was that one of us going through the bookstore at one of the stations in Germany, in the modern section of the media saw the Nazi newspaper the times of the Third Reich, which glorified the brave pilots of the Luftwaffe.

15 - Newspaper

Nazi newspaper at newsstands in Germany (November 2012).

As it turned out, the Nazi newspaper published in the framework of the "Newspaper Witnesses' British publisher Albertas Limited, which already produces in Germany, the third (!) Edition of Nazi newspapers after the successful sale of the first two editions in 2009 and 2010 (this information can be found at project) [25].

Circulation in 2009 and 2010 amounted to 300,000 copies, and in 2012 is 350,000. The meaning of the project — "the publication of several German newspapers (printed in Germany and abroad) for the period 1933-1945 that reflect different perspectives on the same events, with printed separately commentary today's leading experts and historians on the events of those years" [ 25]. The target audience of the newspaper, according to the publisher — is "people who have never read modern history textbook, but still would like to qualitative analysis of information" [26]. It should also be noted that, as in Germany, there is a ban on the placement of Nazi symbols in the print media, the British publisher has received express permission from the German authorities to reprint Nazi newspapers. If the publishing house is also planned to reprint excerpts from "Mein Kampf" in his "historic" weekly. However, the Court of Bavaria (the land of Germany, which owns the copyright to "Mein Kampf" to 2015) banned the printing works of the Nazi leader. [27]

Among reprinted Nazi newspapers were "Angrif" from 1/30/1933 article "Hitler — Chancellor!", By Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels, "National-Zeitung" (one of the official newspapers NSDAP) from 04.01.1933 on the boycott of Jewish shops, "Volkischer Beobachter "(another newspaper NSDAP) from 01/03/1933 with the article about how the Communists set fire to the Reichstag and other" interesting "Nazi article. A complete list of all the issues can be found on the publisher's website [28]. In many editions of newspapers were also invested Nazi posters, such as a poster in 1933, calling to buy vegetables and fruits from the Germans. Here you can see photos of this number (issued in 2009). [29]

In general, the entire project with a reprint of huge numbers of Nazi newspapers published by the British for the modern Germans, who, in the words of the publisher, "never read modern history textbook", but be sure to be able to understand what happened by reading authentic fascist weekly newspaper with a separate enclosed comments of experts — and is, in our view, the phenomenon of post-modern reality in which there is no black or white, and the content and form clearly contradict each other.

To summarize, we would like to mention: that's where the world is going postmodernism is the end of humanity. Declared prosperity and grandeur — just painted the facade behind which are already seen the new global fascism, corruption, the complete absence of any morality and meaning. And in such a world are trying to drag and Russia, while humiliating and oplevyvaya its historical past. Only one way out — an alternative global project that will repel the impending darkness and save humanity.

Maxim Zhilenkov, Tatiana Z


[1] An article in the online version of the German newspaper 'Die Zeit', «Weil ich ein Madchen bin» («Because I am — a girl"), 2012, Issue 49

[2] An article in the online version of the German newspaper 'Der Spiegel', «Fehler in der Himmelsfabrik» («Error on the celestial Factory"), 2007, Issue 4

[3] An article in the online version of the German newspaper 'Der Spiegel', «Transsexueller Schuler: Marcos Fremdkorper» («Schoolboy transsexual Marco in someone else's body"), 13.01.2012

[4] An article in the online version of the German newspaper 'Stern', «Perfekte Wende» («The Perfect Turn"), 26.09.2012

[5] An article in the online version of the German newspaper 'Der Spiegel', «Im falschen Korper: Ich bin jetzt die Steffi» («in the wrong body: now — I Stefanie") 29.07.2012

[6] JA Sidenko, G. Ivanov, V. Volkov, "I WANT TO LIVE IN THE WEST! About myths and reef life abroad ", M., B., 2011

[7] The publication of the results of the project "The birth of children growing up" to be held for the students in the class 4B Lute under the patronage of Mrs. Paeh.

[8] Proceedings of the publishing house «Finken», recommended for use in the classroom early sexual education in primary and special schools (special schools in Germany are called schools for children with physical disabilities, reduced cognitive development and foreigners who do not speak German).

[9] WHO (World Health Organization, angl.World Health Organization, WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations.

[10] WHO Regional Office for Europe and BZgA, "Standards for Sexuality Education in Europe. Document for policy makers, managers and professionals in the fields of education and health care "

[11] WHO Regional Office for Europe and BZgA, "Standards for Sexuality Education in Europe. Document for policy makers, managers and professionals in the field of education and health care "(version in Russian), 2010, page 44

[12] United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989.

[13] WHO Regional Office for Europe and BZgA, "Standards for Sexuality Education in Europe. Document for policy makers, managers and professionals in the field of education and health care "(version in Russian), 2010, page 12

[14] The awareness of the youth of the city center of Munich, the booklet "The sexual life of young people» («Jugendsexualitat»)

[15] "The Essence of Time", "Juvenile Justice in Germany (Interview with the organizer of the protests)", 27.01.2013

[16] "The Essence of Time," "The German cell at a rally against the juvenile justice system in Germany", 31.10.2012

[17] "The Essence of Time", "Report on rallies against the Juvenile Justice in Germany" 09/10/2012

[18] "The Essence of Time," "A series of commercials about the arbitrariness of Juvenile Justice in Germany (Part IV)», 06.09.2012

[19] Federal Ministry of Justice, the "Law on the circulation of drugs», § 29 I Appendix 1 (§ 29 I S.1 BtMG)

[20] German online forum Hanfburg city. In the cited subject the user to compare prices of hashish in different federal states of Germany.

[21] German online forum «Rapid Rush: Board» to exchange views and experiences in areas such as entertainment, computer, communication, etc.

[22] The Internet store selling seeds of cannabis in Switzerland, Germany and Austria.

[23] The Federal Statistical Office of Germany, "Road traffic accidents. Accident under the influence of alcohol or drugs ", 2011, page 30

[24] The Federal Statistical Office of Germany, "Road traffic accidents. Accident under the influence of alcohol or drugs ", 2011, page 29

[25] Press release of the "Newspaper Witnesses", as of 21.04.2013.

[26] Article British media 'BBC News', «Nazi-era papers trigger German row» («Newspapers Nazi era caused a scandal in Germany"), 07.02.2009

[27] An article in the online version of the German newspaper 'Die Zeit', «« Mein Kampf »bleibt verboten» («« Mein Kampf "will remain under the ban") 08.03.2012

[28] All issues of the newspaper of the "Newspaper Witnesses", as of 21.04.2013.

[29] Page Learn (author: kamen_jahr) with pictures of one of the rooms of the newspaper of the "Newspaper Witnesses"

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