Of all the pyramids, built by people of different ages and cultures on the planet, the most famous pyramids of ancient Egypt. This is because of the titanic dimensions of the three most famous Egyptian pyramids — Cheops, Chephren and Mycerinus (Menkaure). Pyramid of Cheops — the largest pyramid in the world, up to nearly one hundred and fifty meters, entered the Greek list of "Seven Wonders of the World." Ironically, it is the oldest structure on the list and at the same time the only dozhivshim to the present day.
The Egyptian pyramids are quite numerous. Today we know the order of hundreds of Egyptian pyramids, are in varying degrees of preservation and located in different parts of Egypt. But despite more than two centuries of these studies have not yet discovered all the pyramids. In February 2013 the Belgian archaeologists found the pyramid Vizier of Ramses II, a previously unknown. The whereabouts of some of the smaller pyramids of Egypt, buried under the sand of the desert, known only by infrared images from space so that scientists have yet to explore them.
Version of the construction of the Egyptian pyramids legendary Atlanteans or representatives of extraterrestrial civilizations are unlikely to be taken seriously. In the history of their construction is clearly traced the evolution of engineering. The oldest pyramid — Hubs and Djoser, have a round (layered) and the stepped form, respectively. Bent Pyramid of Sneferu has an unusual angle faces the top.
Famous pyramids exist in other parts of the world. First, we should mention the Mesoamerican pyramids, which were built by the Aztecs, Mayans and other civilizations of the New World. Unlike the Egyptian pyramids used as tombs, Mesoamerican pyramids were temples. They mainly stepped shape and flat tops performed practical purpose. Flat platform on top were used as stages for religious ceremonies (including human sacrifice) for which the priests ascended the stairs located on the outside of the pyramids.
The pyramids — tombs of the number of about a hundred are in the vicinity of the Chinese city of Xian. However, scientists do not have access to them, as the Chinese laws prohibit the open imperial burial. Six step pyramids of Guimar are on the island of Tenerife (Canary Islands), and the Indian island of Java is a unique Buddhist Borobudur pyramid. Etemenaki — Ziggurat (temple) of ancient Babylon, who is considered the prototype of the biblical Tower of Babel, too, had the form of a stepped pyramid.
Probably not all of the pyramid to be found on earth. In the areas of existence in the past of the human civilization, which, because of geological reasons were flooded seas, pyramids could well be under water. In 1986, Japan opened the so-called underwater pyramids near the island of Yonaguni, but the dispute between advocates of natural and artificial origin of these objects is so far.
The energy of the pyramids
Some esoteric believe that there is a beneficial energy of the pyramids, acting on the people inside them. According to the draft of the Russian engineer Alexander Golod was built many energy pyramids in Russia and some foreign countries (Ukraine, Georgia). Official science healing properties of the pyramids does not recognize, and the improvement in some patients after a visit to the pyramids explains the placebo effect.
Perhaps the biggest mystery of the pyramids is not even in the design features, as well as the nature of religious and practical purposes for which used a pyramid of different times. Many seem puzzling that so similar in design to architectural structures were built so people from different countries and eras. In fact, at the level of construction technology of the ancient world pyramidal form was most suitable for creating large buildings.
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