Today Road to Easter Island takes five o'clock flight from Chile to a distance of more than three and a half thousand kilometers. Hard to believe that in the first millennium AD this island
was inhabited by a group of people targeted by swimming in the sea a little less distance — presumably more than three thousand kilometers from Islands
Mangareva (Tuamotu Archipelago in French Polynesia today). Estimates arrival date Easter Island scientists vary from 300 to 1000 AD. The version of the random arrival Islands rejected. Computer models show that at the level of technology island could be occupied only by intentionally — expedition to several large canoes, with a good supply of water and food, as well as domestic animals (in Islanders were chicken) and tools.
Of the several hundred famous stone statues of Easter Island face towards the sea just turned seven. According to local legend, they were placed in memory of the seven leaders (chiefs of the seven swam to Islands canoe?) settled in island. But it is doubtful whether these people moved thirst for discovery. Most likely, faced in his homeland with the deadly factors such as natural disasters, famine and overpopulation, or tribalism, they put all the strength and resources of almost hopeless naval expedition, in order to try to save the life of the remains of some sort.
There is a theory that in the XV century island sailed the Incas, which managed to conquer Islanders here and become the ruling class. In the DNA from the natives Easter Island scientists have indeed found the genetic markers characteristic of the indigenous people of South America. The traditional name Easter Island — Rapa Nui. Its modern name Easter Island received when the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen saw him on the day Easter in 1722. Its map immediately embellished newfound land.
Today Easter Island this land without forests and with little soil. But when the
island sailed the first settlers, it was covered in scaffolding, and certainly seemed to them a paradise. The main mysteries of Easter Island As for the big stone statues "Moai". The apparent absurdity of finding these statues
a relatively small and forested Island hit all European explorers, starting with Englishman James Cook landed here in 1774. By the way, he's the first to call attention to the similarity statues of Easter Island
with known him statues South American Indians within the territory of today's Ecuador and Bolivia.
Apparently, to build numerous Statues Incas began to have taken power. Dividing the land and the people on Island together, they began a sort of "cold war" with each other, constantly erecting new and larger Statues. This rivalry has undermined the fragile ecosystem of the small
Islands. In the course of it gradually came down forests needed to bring
statues from the quarries to the special ceremonial platform. Soil erosion began. Indigenous Islanders faced with hunger, despite the fact that
Island acted in numerous taboos (prohibitions) on hunting and fishing, designed to keep the population of fish and animals for future generations. It could not last long. In the XVI century, the indigenous population rebelled and completely devoured the ruling class of the Incas. Unfinished stone Statues were left lying in the quarries where there are up to now. But it was too late. Undermined the ecosystem could not recover. Island plunged into brutal wars between clans, starvation and cannibalism. Stone Statues
glorified this island, but first they have caused the deaths of its ecology and culture.
Another mystery of Easter Island — A unique writing Rongo-Rongo. This type of world literature, science is still officially considered undeciphered. However, the Russian Academy of Sciences recognizes the correct decryption very convincing Rongo Rongo-formed national researcher Irina Konstantinova Fedorova (1931 — 2010 г.), dedicated to this for more than 40 years.
See also: In Yakutia have found mammoth oldest bird.