Tartar.  Photo from http://creative.gettyimages.com

Plaque — limescale brownish tint, which are often formed on the inner surfaces of the lower incisors. Despite the fact that, apparently, the lime is white, tartar dark enough. And all because of its composition, other than salts of calcium are leftovers, dead cells, bacteria, phosphorus and iron salts, etc. This occurs most often in an irregular or improper cleaning of teeth, the habit of taking only soft food, chew on one side, or metabolic disorders.

Dentists recommend removing plaque every six months or a year. For this purpose is used as a hand tool, and ultrasound, followed by grinding and polishing the surface of teeth. The procedure is painless removal of tartar, as it is usually performed under local anesthesia.

Prevention of tartar is a regular — 2 times a day — brushing teeth. It is important to choose the right toothbrush and toothpaste are not lost in the variety.


Plaque may occur if the person:

  • do not brush their teeth, forget to clean them regularly (morning and evening), or cleans them wrong;
  • uses low-quality toothpaste and brushes;
  • used to eating only soft foods;
  • chews only one side of the jaw (right or left);
  • affected by metabolic disorders, especially salt.

Also cause deposits of tartar can not be a smooth surface (rough) of the teeth and their position is wrong.

What's going on?

Plaque (Dental plaque) begins to form after 1-2hours after brushing. In the first phase of the development of plaque, or rather 12 hours microorganisms begin their "work." They form a solid frame made of carbohydrates, firmly attached to the surface of the tooth. Formed relatively stable dental plaque. Under the action of bacteria (cocci and lactobacilli) begins to form acid that promotes the development of dental caries. The bacteria multiply and dental plaque grows and falls lower in the gingival sulcus.

Gradually thicken as dental plaque gets a yellowish color. As the seal and promote plaque deeper into the gingival sulcus access of oxygen into the substance ceases, which leads to greater development forms of anaerobic bacteria. Dental plaque into the second and third phase of its development. At this stage, often already present gingivitis.

Dental plaque forms on the teeth of all, but most of its more stable form, he gets close to the major salivary glands (lingual surface of the central group of the lower teeth). Saliva, which is due to contained therein mineral, usually has a beneficial effect ontooth, in this case, not reaching the tooth affects plaque. As a result, deposits of minerals saliva plaque gradually darkens and compacted, becomingodontolith, against which toothbrush is powerless.

Most often, there is a stone next to the gum at the neck of the tooth and in the notorious "hard to reach areas", which is difficult to reach with a toothbrush.

How dangerous tartar?

Plaque is located between the edge of the gums and the tooth surface. Constantly delayed new plaque. Inhabited by a variety of microorganisms plaque triggers inflammation in the gums surrounding areas. Develops gingivitis, inflamed gums start to bleed with a light touch.

Because of increase the production of saliva occur further deposits of tartar. Thus, the stone begins to grow and deepen further and further under the gum. In places where the root surface is covered with hardened deposits, fiber supporting apparatus of the tooth die. The jaw bone, which became non-functional in these areas is subject to degradation, forming a pathological periodontal pockets. Develops damage all the tissues surrounding the tooth — Periodontitis. In time, periodontal disease progresses and becomes more severe forms.

Unfortunately, few people realize how much harm can bring plaque present in them with billions of pathogenic bacteria. Although it is no secret that frequent upper respiratory tract infections gastrointestinal tract, various blood diseases are directly related to prolonged inflammation in the oral cavity (gingivitis, periodontitis).

How to recognize?

Dental stone, located above the gingiva seen with the naked eye. Stone, which was formed in the gums, can only see a dentist with special dental instruments.

To no doubt that you have problems with your teeth, spend a little experiment. Take a cotton ball, soak it in a solution of iodine and wipe them all the teeth (near the gum). Available plaque along with tartar after this procedure appear as the picture on photo paper.

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