What's so interesting: these vacancies were filled by 60% of workers in the age group of 30 to 50. And the remaining 40% of the people came pre-and poslepensionnogo age (50 years and older).
In this case, well-educated young people under 30 years old, which would be on the edge of progress and would earn good money on this, it was found less than 1%.
How is it
We recently talked about why American retirees go to work, when it's time to relax, but that ousted work of older Europeans? They are in fact the welfare state, of society and not with the fierce competitiveness of American excesses. Not out of love for the same work, in fact, these grandparents continue to be engaged in something rather than peacefully eat away the most advanced in the world benefit?
Especially, what happened to the fresh graduates of Oxford and Cambridge, but at least Salamanca, the Sorbonne or the University of Prague? Why do not they replace the previous generation of the post?
The answer is this.
The very shape of European education is shifting from application areas in what is called "social sciences." That is, the ability to skillfully use the developed state is already possible to get a degree. According to the table of European universities on a graduate engineering degree there are two or three diploma in law, business, or "social."
As for the famous European benefits and pensions, many often forget that it's well-being is supported by the direct costs of the budget, which, unlike the U.S., is not attached to the printing press of the world's reserve currency. Therefore, the money they are not taken out of thin air.
Instead, the European Union used to live in public debt, collecting additional cost with mladoevropeytsev and blowing bubbles bonds. All proceeds went to the experiment of turning the Old Europe of the active subject of the global economy into a showcase of political values that magically grant the holder the opportunity to live in a big way, and the New Europe — in the assembly shop and market sales of goods of the Old, and a loan provided by her own banks.
But if America is a "middle class" has created more by supporting the private sector through loans and pumping demand, Europe improvement of the living standards of the population were made through direct social benefits and a variety of government programs. So as soon as there was a problem with refinancing, and country rankings went down money on their loans and all sorts of benefits was nowhere to take. In this neo-colonialism (we'll development programs and products, and you give us cheap resources and cheap rabsilu) no longer works. Rather well — is not pulling pinned cargo. As resources are depleted Eastern Europe, and in Africa already face larger interests of the players. Measures same strict state economy does not help, because they will immediately cause a decrease in GDP, which only worsens the situation of the debtor countries.
Why do old men returned and where did they change
The result can only go back to the time when Europe was able to provide itself. But it needs such a thing as re-industrialization, because without the production of its own product does not go far. And it is in the EU is extremely difficult, because, on the one hand, people are accustomed to a high level of gratuitous life and work there are very expensive, but on the other hand, the tax burden is such that not every business will be able to bear it. Taxes, and go on benefits for the maintenance of standards of living, and so a vicious circle.
However, awareness of the dangers of this mechanism is. European Commissioner for Industry and Entrepreneurship Antonio Tajani said that as the industrial component of its strategy of Europe's GDP is expected to grow from 15.6% to 20% by 2020. He even used the term "third industrial revolution". Only here's the problem: in 2006, the industrial component of the EU's GDP was already at the level of 27.3%. Against this background, the slogan of a few loses in pathos. Besides it is not very clear — due to what the Commissioner was going to break to pieces the situation?
Here and there the notorious employees retirement age. On the one hand, the escalation of the crisis is beginning to affect their generation: the benefits are falling, falling pension. During the period from 2010 deficit of pension funds has doubled and is already € 300 billion. Bank of the Netherlands reports a reduction of pensions by an average of 2.3% in 103 of the 117 funds, 34 of them showed a decrease of more than 7%. As a result, politicians have been plain text refer to future retirees, "you have to set aside more money for their old age, do not count on help from the state in excess of the basic pension." As for benefits, transportation, medicine, heating, then terminate them "must be informed in advance", and in general, the experts' very noticeable that pensioners have not really been saving, but because they take more than 50% of spending on social support. "
This is not only an attempt to solve the problem of payments current elderly by encouraging contributions of aging, that is, the maintenance of the pyramid. It is also the announcement of the imminent review of the entire policy in relation to pensioners. To maintain the standard of living, they have to keep working. And the work seriously — for example, the British pensioners to secure the payment of not less than 70% of earnings, and for that they need to start saving now on? 6,200 a year more.
On the other hand, these products are not packaged in bags, they are given an opportunity to engage skilled labor. Voiced re-industrialization strategy suggests that the resources will now be allocated not by environmentalists or sotsiokulturologov, and on those sectors of the economy, which still have some productive capacity. And, in an aging generation, there is no one to do it.
Because of the developing countries did not deliver more trained specialists. Where they previously were carried out — whether on the ruins of the Soviet institutions, whether in the construction of Indian or Chinese — or finally crumbled ruins, construction or completed. Own a youth has not disappeared, it just grew up in the post-industrial era and believed in its slogans. So what's the point of it a little, because it is quite deliberately not fill high-tech jobs. She did not need millions of stylists expected to live in a different world, where came the infamous End of History and their task — to design it thingies.
That's just silly today nenapryazhnye work, sort of allowances for non laziest, no more: youth unemployment in Greece — 59.4%, Spain — 55.5%, Croatia — 45.1%, Italy — 38.7%, Slovakia — 35.5%, Ireland — 30.1%, France — 26.4%.
What can we do
Of course, Europe is not going anywhere. To replace the current generation of professionals will ever new.
In all this, however, there is one important point: to overcome the crisis in Europe will largely abandon what was the last 40 years, the notorious "European values." Well, we remember: the general welfare, ecology, medicine — and a crowd of young people in the necktie, working through a MacBook for cafes. To then — urabotavshis finally — to move to a secure old age.
Who in this situation a little bit sorry for us? Evroorientirovannyh young people from the former Soviet Union, aspiring and well adapted to a Europe that no longer exists.