Former Minister of Armaments Third Reich, a former favorite of Hitler, Speer was able to quickly "denazify." Therefore, in his memoirs, he sometimes just slandering the former "boss", for example, by denying him a sense of humor.
In his memoirs, Speer tried hard to stick out and its role of "savior of Germany" by allegedly obsessed with Hitler passion for the total destruction of the economy of the Reich. However, familiarity with the true state of affairs suggests that Speer was falling too much of the blame on his dead head Fuhrer. It is good that it was all the same, and Speer had to go away from the loop …
The Myth of Hitler's order to destroy the hard everyone and everything at odds with the ideas and the will of Hitler, the authenticity of which is not disputed, and in which Hitler directs the continuation of the German folk song "further the battle of the nation" and "the continued construction of the National Socialist state."
Not so stupid Hitler was not to realize that without the plants and infrastructure is not povoyuesh and can not build anything. So it is unlikely he thoughtlessly ordered all to hell blow, blow and blow …
Totally destroyed Germany allies. But they basically destroyed the city. But the factories …
In 1947, the West's book «IG FARBEN», published in 1948, we have called "the IG Farben." The author of this very interesting and unusual book was an American economist and journalist Richard Sesyuli.
Sesyuli after the war had the rare opportunity to explore the archives of the Reich and its economy. So, he wrote that if the fuel supply, materials, repairs and transport the German economy could work almost 90 percent of its maximum capacity before the end of the war.
So what was the result of strategic "carpet" bombing of Germany? Bombed the economy or hundreds of thousands of victims of the civilian population? Sesyuli book begins:
"Deep in the forests of eastern Bavaria, the Nazis hid their latest military factories. You can drive past them on the road and did not see it. You can fly over them — and, again, nothing to see except a thick green cover of forests.
Military factories perfectly camouflaged … Generally, workshops are scattered over a large area and connected by kilometers of green pipe. "
Sesyuli knew what he wrote. Called to the U.S. Army, he was among a group of Colonel Bernstein conducted the investigation into the activities of German chemical company "IG Farben." He traveled all over the U.S., and not just the American zone of occupation, and gathered a wealth of documentary material, supplemented by personal experiences.
Here is a concrete example cited Sesyuli:
"On the lawn in the Bavarian Forest is an unfinished building with a vaulted roof … — … in a length of about 800 m in width at the base of more than 90 m and a height of over 30 meters It was intended for aircraft manufacturing plant of the company Messershmitg."
Plant dug into the ground, the thickness of the dome was 6 meters. This construction, which began only in August 44th, Reich continued until the middle of April 45th, when in this area includes United States forces.
"Most of the German cities was turned into ruins — wrote Sesyuli. — In the area occupied by the U.S. Army, not only seriously affected the big city was Heidelberg. At first glance, it seemed that be decades before Germany will once again be producing country. At the sight of the ruins of the city could not imagine that the plants were left untouched. "
However, this was so. The Allies bombed the city centers — residential. They were covered with less air defense forces, and most importantly — home of the Germans had no relation to the property of U.S. citizens, in contrast to many German companies that are directly owned by U.S. firms or in which American capital prevailed.
There may have been other variants relations and the distribution of property. Sesyuli frankly admitted:
"To a greater extent than any other concern in the world," the IG Farben "was the center of a network of international cartels that control the striking range of products — oil, rubber, dyes, nitrogen, explosives, aluminum, nickel, artificial silk. About five thousand kilometers separate rule "IG Farben" in Frankfurt-am-Main in Germany, from the Atlantic coast of the United States of America, but "the IG Farben" could tell a lot about the American arms industry … "
In this situation, not everyone in the United States was required behind the ruins of German industry — especially heavy. And this additional political protection combined with high air protected by military factories in Germany provided its economy is quite stable mode of activity that could disrupt the bombing.
However, in the U.S. there were powerful forces who wanted to not only defeat the armed forces of the Reich, but also the defeat of its economy, first of all — all the same heavy industry. Already May 11, 1945 at the White House directive was approved U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, and General Eisenhower England number 1067.
The basis of the program was based on the guidelines of the American Jew, a former finance minister in the government of Roosevelt, Henry Morgenthau. A goal of the program was the dismemberment of Germany and its ruralization.
As part of the industry directive provides:
"A) to prohibit and prevent the manufacture of iron and steel, chemicals, non-ferrous metals, machinery, radio and electrical equipment, automobiles, heavy machinery … except for the purpose of preventing starvation or disease or disorder that may threaten the occupation forces.
b) prohibit and prevent the recovery of plant and equipment of these industries, except for the needs of the occupying forces. "
However, people interested in the postwar development of the German economy — under the control of the United States, of course — was in Washington and New York still more. They identified the target indication for the U.S. Strategic Air: destroy the city, but do not touch the plants. They eventually headed for a new industrial development of Germany, whose economy by the end of the war was largely preserved.
For the same simpletons in the course of the war created the myth that the bombing of the Reich allies and caused the collapse of the Reich.
In this book, I — even though he graduated from the Kharkov Aviation Order of Lenin Institute Zhukovsky specialization "liquid rocket engines" — I will not say much about how much the Germans reached by 1945 in the development of new military hardware before all — in the field of missile technology, jet aircraft and electronics.
But one thing I will say …
Some of our famous rocket scientists (if I'm not mistaken — Chertok), recalled that the fact that our missile men seen in defeated Germany in 1945, they were determined as follows: "This is something that can not be."
From personal experience I can recall a similar testimony of one of his teachers in HAI. When an authority in the field of blade (not the word "spade", and from "compressor or turbine blades") machines Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR Proskura, head of HAI in the forties, read the captured German rocket "iron", he stated the same "That can not be!", referring to the crazy at the time speed engine turbopump assembly of elements of German ballistic missiles "V-2".
I myself, along with fellow students studied in the 70s LRE German anti-aircraft missiles "Reyntohter" ("The Daughter of the Rhine"). Even then, it was useful to for future missile — so interesting and original design had some elements of the engine. Actually, the Soviet playback German military ballistic missiles, "V-2" — the first in the world — we, the students managed to stand up and in detail all the "feel".
Even in the 70s missile masterpiece Reich impressed.
The Germans also had the amazing achievements in the field of aviation jet turbine engines and jet aircraft.
Yes, and the problem of creation of the atomic bomb, they are not so far behind the others.
Perhaps the Germans as a national community did not have enough in the Second World War (as, indeed, in the first — also) of the collective Spiritual resistance, which managed to bring the nations of the USSR, primarily in the triune Russian people in the Soviet era.
As for the German economy, its material state in 1945 could provide a long resistance to the Germans — contrary to the myth that the Allied bombing destroyed the material basis of the power of the Third Reich.