The climate package is beneficial for the West of Europe, which combines to exploit the countries of Central Europe. They must be new colonies. This is the liquidation of Polish banks, heavy industry and commerce — with Professor Witold Kejun talks Krzysztof Swiatek
— You express the opinion that Poland is the object of neo-colonization. What is it, who is implementing this concept, and what are its consequences?
— The problem of neo-colonization I know quite well, because for 10 years I led one of the larger UN program on modernization of Central Africa. And I was able to understand how policy looks much capital in relation to the former colonial countries. When they became free, it is usually reduced access to sources of raw materials, as well as to companies that were previously in the hands of the colonizers. In the II-nd half of the 80's started a large-scale campaign neo-colonization. International capital "announced" the people of Africa: you have gained independence, its government, but we will buy your company, which is mainly engaged in the exploitation of mineral deposits, as well as the cultivation of coffee, tea or exotic fruits. You will lead the small and medium-sized firms, to work the land, and, of course, to buy our products because they themselves, producing a little bit, will have to import.
At the turn of the 70s and 80s started the information revolution. Build a powerful business empire, who get a chance to influence the whole world. A unique opportunity for the neo-colonization. One financial group was able to acquire, for example, the mines in the Congo, Rwanda and Uganda. Terrifying levels of corruption in Africa facilitated unusually cheap purchase. This action, approved by the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, has received the widest distribution.
— Policy implications of big capital you have seen in Rwanda.
— I know the background of the Rwandan conflict. In my project worked 56 people, including 45 blacks, of whom only two survived. The rest were killed. The whole conflict was a major share of U.S. capital. When in the early 60s Rwanda and Burundi gained independence, the authorities took possession of the representatives of the Tutsi. Later there was a revolution in Rwanda, and power passed to the Hutus, Tutsis and the majority have fled to Uganda. It turned out that the refugees from Rwanda were higher than the local population, and thus they gained control over the army. And then it was agreed with the U.S. capital — you give us a credit weapons, and we hit on Rwanda, Burundi, and then after we get to Zaire, which is the richest country with natural resources, diamonds and uranium. Zaire then ran the Belgian and French capital, and there would enter the American capital. All played out before my eyes. Americans handed over weapons to Uganda, and it went to war. Rwanda had poorer Soviet weapons. I was evacuated to a time when my deputy was killed, and the Ugandan army was in 20 km from the capital of Rwanda. Hutus in retaliation began killing local Tutsis. Tutsi of Rwanda, Uganda won without fighting passed through Burundi — Tutsi-controlled — and moved to Zaire. In this country, were killed 500-600 thousand people, and the region was captured by American and British capital. Today, he controls the entire central Africa.
— How does the scheme of neo-colonization of Africa was realized in our part of Europe?
— The situation in Africa was interesting, given the stocks of raw materials, but representatives of global capital understand that there the work, and even have a low-skilled engineer. I love the blacks — they are pretty cute, but they have one flaw — they are not accustomed to regular work. African culture is not based on work, and at play. In Burundi, there is, for example, banana groves of fruit that you can make a soup, beer or bread. Back in the 30s through the streets of Bujumbura running deer, it was enough to shoot a bow, did not have to work. Residents spend time in entertainment, and this tradition has survived to the present day. Engagement and wedding celebrations continued for many days.
Meanwhile, Poland possessed of skilled engineers and workers. According to U.S. sources, in 1980, Poland ranked 12th in terms of production. So much for the global capital there was another fantastic opportunity to gain an attractive market. And there is George Soros. This is one of the 10 richest people in the world who made a fortune on the stock exchange speculation. Poland is an open country, in which a significant portion of junior managerial personnel was in the United States on probation. There are many Timoshevich, Kwasniewski, Rosatom, Balcerowicz. Leszek Balcerowicz received the title of Master of Business at the University of St. John's. The solution — we start in Poland. Great representative of the global capital George Soros arrives in May '88 Meets with Rakovsky and Jaruzelski. Immediately creates on his millions Foundation. Stefan Batory Foundation, putting as targets: an open society and an open market. A little later, the National Bank of Poland created 9 commercial banks with the party leadership. It starts with I-th phase of the so-called nomenklatura enterprises. Soros is developing a program based on the so-called Washington Consensus. It provides for the opening of the borders, the ability to import a large and far-reaching privatization. Based on the concept of neo-liberalism of Milton Friedman, an absolute the free market, in which the state plays no role. Soros draws Saksa, which is funded by the Batory Foundation.
— Sachs meets solidarity strategy.
In May of '89 goes to Geremek. Geremek admits he does not have the slightest idea about the economy. They go on to Kurono Zoliborz. Kuroń not know English, so invite Lipton, who works for the International Monetary Fund, and at the same time in the version of "Gazeta Wyborcza". Kuroń reiterates that all probably come out and charge Saks development program. Go to the "Gazeta Wyborcza", where there is a computer and overnight Lipton Sachs with developing a program. Run to Michnik, who also admits to not have a clue about the economy. But decides to write an article, "Your president, our prime minister," and oblige the government to proceed with the implementation of the program. I do not open anything new. All of this is in the book by Jeffrey Saksa: "The end of poverty. Challenge for our generation." Sachs later found in a diet with the Code of Civil Procedure (Civil parliamentary club) …
— Well … most of the deputies did not have knowledge of economics
— Alexander Malahovskiy later admitted: "We were like sheep." The question arises: who should implement this concept? The first candidate Tshetsyakovsky, refuses. Disagree also Yuzefyak and Szymanski. Then Stephen Bratkovsky offering my candidacy. I'm in Burundi, where there is no embassy, so I get a call from the Ambassador of Kenya, but he can not say exactly what kind of sentence in question. I did not have one year to complete the implementation of the 10-year program, so I refuse. Kuchinsky Then, for no apparent reason, catches Baltserovicha. (..) At this time, the CPC form a commission to develop an economic program under the chairmanship of Professor Janusz Beksyaka. And then put the question bluntly Mazowiecki — either them or us. Balcerowicz remains.
— Why others do not want to implement this program?
— Because apart from the stifling inflation, it led to the destruction of public enterprises, the elimination of government selhozhozyaystv, mass unemployment, and at the same time to the shaft of imports — even if we have imported hair clips and recycling. When I arrived in Poland, he saw the French milk on the shelves. Niece tells me that there is propaganda, not to buy the Polish milk because supposedly bottles are washed powder IXI. I'm asking about "Mazovshanku," which I always have. It turns out that it is not. But you can buy a German mineral water. I want to buy a shaving cream "Pollena." I can recall that the Swedes specially came to Poland for the Polish vodka and cosmetics. Polly, too, no, there is Colgate. In the end, the saleswoman is cream "Pollena" on the stock. I can see that it is three times cheaper. The woman explained that she was more profitable to sell a more expensive product, so the polish does not hold. In short, the deliberate elimination of the competition begins. Siemens buys Polish company ZWUT, which then had a monopoly on phone shipments to the Soviet Union. The Germans give workers severance pay for nine months. Everybody is happy. After that destroy the building, all the equipment are transported to Germany and take on all the relations with Russia. They liquidated the company. Martin Kasprzak production of integrated circuits, diodes, transistors, as well as our invention, the blue laser. Redeemed Polish cement plants, sugar plants, and the cotton industry, a wonderful plant for the manufacture of a paper in Kwidzyn. And we have the money to "eat away".
— However, the biggest scandal — the case of the National Investment Funds (NFI).
— Then I bought a certificate for NFI PLN 20, walk out of the bank and I was stopped by a man, offering him 140 zlotys. It turned out that the owner of 35 percent of the shares have the right to decide on the sale. In NFI consisted of more than 500 leading enterprises. All went bankrupt or were sold for a pittance. And then these certificates were 5 zlotys. Processes were carried out, including in the case of Janusz Lewandowski, who last year was acquitted. Everyone made a career, and Balcerowicz received the Order of the White Eagle and was presented a candidate for the Nobel Prize. As it is impossible to believe!
— Poland gave the banks, and the energy sector captured the national companies of other countries, for example, Swedish Vatenfall.
— Earlier, TP SA (Polish Telecom) moved to the French France Telecom. A similar thing happened in Africa. All products exported from Europe or America were considerably more expensive. I bought a Volkswagen in Africa for 15 thousand dollars, came to Berlin, I saw — it costs only 8 thousand now as the prices of industrial products in Poland is much higher, while wages much lower. This is the business interest of foreign companies. If wages in accordance with the requirements of the trade unions, would be brought to the level of wages abroad, the corporations would move to Romania, Bulgaria, Belarus, China, and even in Africa. After all, Ford eliminated the plant near Warsaw and opened it to St. Petersburg.
— Was it like that implemented neo-colonization of other countries that were part of the former communist bloc?
— Yes, this concept is implemented throughout Central Europe.
— How do you assess the current situation in Poland?
— How tragic. Amount of public debt and private debt exceeds the level of national income. And the debt is rising, because all these 20 years, we have a negative balance of foreign trade. We live by the philosophy formulated by Prime Minister Tusk — "Here and Now." There is no strategic plan.
— Are there limits on the emissions of Co2 idea to bring before the collapse of the Polish industry?
The climate package is beneficial to Western Europe, which combines to exploit the countries of Central Europe. They must be new colonies. This goal is the elimination of Polish banks, heavy industry and trade. These are the last years of the Polish trade. Only this year, "Carrefour" and "Bedronka" (Ladybug) intend to open several hundred new outlets.
— That is, the Poles should no longer be the owners of large firms?
— That is the goal. Poland threatens serious financial crisis. Is threatened by the social security system. How was it possible to create OFE — several foreign companies who take on the 7.5 percent commission? It was necessary to draw a pension Polish company that has created a fund that invests only in the construction of high-rise buildings, large enterprises, and that would be earned. Since the United Nations, the pension fund which owns the high-rise buildings in New York, the cost of which is increasing every year. But to give such earnings to foreign insurance companies?
— Why did the Germans decided to open its labor market?
— There is a need for a specific person, such as computer science, doctors and care for the elderly. At the same time, Germany has pursued a consistent policy. In the 70 years emigrated to Germany several hundred thousand Poles who had relatives there. They Germanized. Some of the residents of Lower Silesia already has German citizenship, and practically only spends holiday in Poland and works in Germany. We assume that after May 1, will leave for another 400 thousand Poles.
— Abroad has been running for 1.5 million Poles. What would be the consequences of mass labor migration?
— The tragic. We do not have enough professionals and skilled workers, and this will limit the opportunities for development. The most talented leave, and only a small percentage of them will come back. At the moment, they still send money to Poland, but that will end when the family reunited. After all, we are dying as a people, because the average Polish girl gives birth to 1.23 children. Growing at a record pace and power of the role of Germany, which has become the 4th economy in the world and attracts top professionals, including Poland.
Solidarity program, formulated at the I Congress in Oliva, was the concept of self-government — the creation of self-managed enterprises and professional authorities. After '89 managed to create 1,500 workers unions, which thrives today. But at the state level project "Self-management" rejected.
Professor Witold Kejun — management theorist, a disciple Thaddeus Kotarbinski, teaches at the Leon Kozminski Academy in Warsaw, was a soldier Armii Krayovoy and Warsaw rebel.