If you are bitten by a tick, doctors recommend to hand over the brat to the laboratory to find out whether he is a carrier of viruses dangerous to human disease, first among which are tick-borne encephalitis and Lyme disease (borreliosis). But in practice is different — first, the circumstances do not always allow to bring the tick to the laboratory and secondly, the laboratories themselves, alas, is not always enough for everyone. And then you go and you're such a wonder — had passed, not carried by? Sought out in his symptoms are nervous …
The new development of Siberian scientists will greatly facilitate the solution of the problem and immediately after the bite to determine: you have to run to the hospital to be treated — or you can exhale and forget this particular mite, like a bad dream?
Tomsk and Novosibirsk microbiologists have developed the first domestic rapid test for tick-borne encephalitis and Lyme disease, according to
The device, according to developers, is designed for hunters and travelers who are at risk of attack mites and, consequently, the risk of contracting infectious diseases.
The test is designed so that systems using a special fork to extract parasitic arthropods, which is then placed in a cylinder and is ground between the ceramic plate and the piston of an ordinary plastic syringe. After that, the cylinder comes a drop of water, the resulting slurry is then extruded to the test strip with the antibodies of the virus of tick-borne encephalitis and Lyme disease.
"The bar is similar to a pregnancy test: the emergence of the first band is the proper conduct of the test, the appearance of a second — the presence of encephalitis, the third — the presence of Lyme disease," — quoted by the Deputy Director of the company, which will participate in the testing of the rapid test.
It is planned that the unit after all the necessary tests will be available in 2014 and will cost $ 100. The developers claim that their invention is unique in Russia.
In 2011, another group of Tomsk scientists using nanotechnology
According to Epidemiology, the incidence of tick-borne encephalitis in Russia by 2008 rose to 2.4 cases per 100,000 population. In 2010, the death rate was 45 percent.
The most reliable measure for the prevention of tick-borne encephalitis is a vaccine, which is produced by both domestic and imported drugs. Vaccination against Lyme disease does not exist, so the most effective means in this case is the use of protective clothing and insect repellent agents.
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