Soon Shrovetide

In 2009, the beloved people of Carnival is celebrated from February 23 to March 1. This is one of the oldest holidays, granted to us by ancestors-Rusichi, and the only pagan holiday, officially recognized by the Russian Orthodox Church. Where did the tradition of burning effigy at Shrovetide? What does the pancake pancake? Why for centuries it was carnival is celebrated as widely riotous, fun? It is worth recalling that, prior XVI year in Russia began in March, ie carnival has long been a meeting of the new year! Slavs believed that if the "do not entertain in grand carnival — is to live in bitter distress and life bad finish" (ie, a year meet — so spend it.) So our ancestors strictly blyuli all traditions. The principal symbols of the holiday — pancakes and stuffed Carnival. It was believed that with the ruddy, hot pancakes, similar to the sun, energy is transferred to the person and power of the sun. In the ritual burning of effigies was invested deeper meaning: the destruction of the symbol of winter need to resurrect his strength in spring cereals. [Cut] The people crossed the beautiful legend of the carnival. In Frost, who lived in the far north, had a daughter — a fragile, delicate girl, he called her Pancake. Once in the fierce cold, people first saw this young creature, and called warm, frozen provoke people without a clear sun. And Shrove Tuesday was the people — but not a thin girl, but a healthy vigorous baba with rosy cheeks, cunning eyes, with a deafening laughter. And people have forgotten about the winter, and started "to have hiccups, drink up perehotite, hurt therewith to sing, dance till you drop" … History of Carnival dates back to our pagan past. What does this holiday for our ancestors of the Slavs? Opinions are divided historians. Some ethnographers put forward the theory that carnival was primarily a celebration of All Souls. Rusichi believed that at this time from heaven down "oil grandfathers" — the soul of the deceased, which to treat pancakes, fish. in the light of the many rituals Carnival regarded as a "memorial", including the ritual burning of effigies. Most believe that it was a celebration in honor of the pagan god of fertility and breeding Veles. "Cajoled" his "sun" in a nutshell — round, ruddy, hot pancakes. with the adoption of Christianity was transformed into a feast day of Saint Blaise, which is celebrated on February 24 by the new style. Confirmation of this version of the origin of Carnival are, for example, preserved folk saying these: "I Blasius and beard in oil." It's all about the meaning of carnival? No! Up until the XVI century, this holiday was also a meeting of the new year (carnival was timed to the day of the spring solstice and the new year in Russia began in March). The Christian church has attempted to eradicate this pagan holiday, but hospitable carnival continued to live. It was met with the same irrepressible joy and courage. Over time, only managed to move the carnival by maturity — the week before Lent, as well as halving the celebration — from fourteen to seven. since this holiday for us — similar Italian Carnival (carne-vale means "beef, goodbye!"). Pancake week precedes Lent: no longer possible to eat meat (Pancake week old days was also called "myasopustom"), but you can have fun with all the heart, there are all kinds of dairy products, fish, and eggs. "Cheese sedmitsa" should help smooth transition from omnivore to abstinence. It is believed that the "Carnival" celebration became known only in the XVI century. As it was called before — no one knows. The word "carnival", apparently owes its origin to the tradition of the oven on this holiday oily pancakes. Another version of the origin of the name — from the word "butter up" (in fact, on Carnival, "coaxed" depending on the time and location of the soul of ancestors, gods of fertility, evil spirits, fluorescent light, etc.). From this point of view, carnival — similar Halloween, which aims — to provide "good relations" with the spirits for the year vpeded. As was also called Shrove Tuesday? "Obeduha", "sugar lips", "Yasochka", "Semikova niece", "tselovalnitsa", "perebuha", "honest thirty brothers sister" … Indeed, people did not stint on the fun, daring and entertainment all week. in this holiday — all the Russian soul, which often does not know restraint and measures. The Englishman Samuel Collins, who served as a doctor at the father of Peter I — Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich (XVII century), in his notes was amazed that at the carnival Russian "drink as much as if they were destined to drink the last time at his age." But what shocked him most — countless victims dashing binge. He writes that with the beginning of Lent on the streets with carts pulled lifeless bodies. Many died in fist fights, even the swing were sometimes the cause of death. But most of all just get drunk to death (or freeze drunk in the snow). For a while, Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich was trying to calm the upheaval of the celebration: the towns and villages were sent threatening edicts forbidding gambling, private distillery and requiring that "fisticuffs between himself and did not swing on no not leeching" … But without confused! Nothing could make people forget the Russian favorite holiday. And some time later the young Peter I, forgetting strict instructions father, opened wide Shrovetide celebrations in Moscow, where he enthusiastically with Hitters swinging on a swing. In Soviet times, Carnival is often called "Farewell to the Russian Winter". It has become less sacred and religious in nature, some of the traditions have been lost or transformed. The last few years have seen a trend towards more meaningful celebration of Carnival. People became interested in the history, traditions and original meaning of the holiday. in the Moscow Committee for Tourism mood more than optimistic: "We hope that in the near future, Moscow carnival outshine its brightness and scale carnival in Brazil. Brazil carnival there for thousands of years, so we are already ahead of the rest … " Produced stuffed in the old days the whole village — usually made of straw (and each household had to contribute — a bundle of straw or rags). Mardi Gras gets a huge! She dressed up it is usually in women's clothing, as the ancient sacred image of the deity, tied a patterned scarf. All week were busy with the scarecrow: staged sledding Gras, drove around her dance, singing folk songs, dedicating songs to her. But the climax of the event were off Winter — with special ceremonies, because in fact it was a sacrifice. After destroying the symbol of winter, people were waiting for the resurrection of his strength in spring cereals. Upon the presentation of our ancestors, sprouted grains are the dead raised to life again. For a new life in the ear for the death of the grain in the ground. Turns out, the feast of carnival, our ancestors laid the philosophical sense: nothing disappears, death — it's just the beginning of a new life … Mardi Gras is usually burned at the stake, which is diluted beyond the village by the river or just on the hill. At a fire going the whole village: they sang songs, danced, circle dances. Of course, not without pancakes, delicious "bun-larks", vodka, was brought down. In the central regions of Russia sometimes burned at the stake after all remaining Maslenitsa Skoromnov dishes: pancakes, butter, milk ("milk burned in Rostov fly away"). And in what is now Nizhny Novgorod region there was such a custom. In the center of the village established a pole, which climbed to a man with a broom. He shouted: "Do not ask pancakes, milk, eggs" — brandishing a broom as if someone beats. This idea was
to frighten naughty children, get them to comply with the post. I should say that Carnival is embodied not only in a creepy stuffed, but also in a cute doll made of straw (the so-called "Home Carnival"). A doll was made to give the newlyweds a Pancake week. It was to promote the emergence of healthy children, preserve the family's income. In recent times, a new role has revived an ancient tradition. Her observe more unconsciously. And it is to the "Homework Shrove Tuesday" tradition dates back to put the doll on the first car wedding procession! Most probably it was a beautiful ceremony Shrovetide sledding. Horses were decorated with paper flowers, ribbons, bows. Women wore the most beautiful dress. In the well-off hats were embroidered with gold or silver, adorned with pearls … Everywhere was heard the sound of bells. The boys led out birdsong using clay whistles (the ancient custom of touting "Spring-red"). Finally, the carnival is associated with one of the most humane Russian traditions — Forgiveness Sunday. It falls on the last day of Maslenitsa. Long since that day did not go to bed without making peace with each other: the servants asked forgiveness from God and gentlemen — the servants, and it is not honored for shame, the children put up with their parents. Author of the famous works of Russian Time of Troubles Frenchman Jacob Margeret wrote that people in this day of "go visit each other, exchanging kisses, bows and asking for forgiveness from each other, if offended by words or actions, and even met in the street, though never before saw each other, kiss, saying, "Excuse me, please" — to which one replies, "God will forgive you, and I'm sorry too."

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