Over the past twenty years, according to conservative estimates, because of natural disasters killed 1.3 million people, one way or another affected 4.4 million people and resulted in economic losses of $ 2 trillion. This is a staggering figure when you consider what this means in terms of lost opportunities, ruined lives, lost property, destroyed schools and health facilities, cultural loss and damaged infrastructure.
In 1992, the United Nations organized a conference on environment and development in Rio de Janeiro — the Earth Summit. The purpose of the conference was to rethink economic growth, the efficient allocation of social costs and environmental protection.
Twenty years later, the United Nations shall convene the Summit Rio +20: the chance to end the silence and the problems of poverty, pay attention to the destruction of the environment and to build a bridge to the future. Disaster risk reduction (Disaster risk reduction, DRR) plays an important role in the future of sustainable development.
Here is an overview of the impacts of disasters that have occurred since the Earth Summit (1992-2012).
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Translation: Anastasia Antoshkina, Alex Crete