September 20, 2013. The rate of drying of the Dead Sea continues to grow, and on-site water immediately arise deep crevices that are very similar in appearance to a giant bowl-shaped karst cave-ins. Over the past year, such salt was particularly large craters, which attracted the attention of researchers.
Each cleft is a result of subsidence and the simultaneous dissolution of salt on the bottom of the sea under the influence of underground freshwater sources. According to the latest observations, the day of on-site water retreated there is at least one new crack, but other patterns of occurrence and can not be found to predict what will turn up the sea into the hole next time. Israeli territory sea of crevices for over 3 million, whereas in 1990 there were only 40, and the first funnel appeared in the 1980s.
Cleft becomes larger, and therefore, the Dead Sea, extending almost 100 km through Israeli and Jordanian land, continues to die. Its coastline is reduced by about a meter per year (from 0.8 to 1.2 meters), and the height above sea level dropped to -394 (1960.) To -423 meters (end of 2012), the area of the sea became at 313 km? downward. Largely to blame are unsustainable irrigation in respect of the Jordan River that feeds the Dead Sea, and the excessive extraction of resources of the sea due to the increase in the population of the Middle East.
The lower the salt water is in the sea, the easier sources of fresh ground salt dissolve and destroy the familiar landscape of the Dead Sea. Regulars salt baths are extremely concerned about the rising incidence of occurrence of landslides, since no one knows how such episodes can be dangerous to the rest of people.