Talking about Atlantis, the emergence of the legends associated with the ancient Greek philosopher Plato, told this island — the state in his treatises (written in dialogue form), "Timaeus" and "Critias".
The inhabitants of Atlantis were fabulously rich, and their island is incredibly fertile. But over time, they are mired in sin than angered the gods, for the gods destroyed them with a series of devastating natural disasters. Destruction of Atlantis occurred more than 9,000 years before Plato.
The primary source of the legend Atlantis, used by the Plato, we know from the words of the philosopher. Legend of the Atlantis was something of a family tradition handed down in the family of Plato from generation to generation. Plato's great-grandfather named Critias, as a child, he heard the legend of his elderly grandfather, who bore the same name (Crete). He learned early in life the legend of the
Atlantis from a distant relative — the famous Athenian politician by the name of Solon. Solon also made a trip to Egypt, where he listened to the story of the
Atlantis from the priests of the temple of the goddess of hunting and war, Nate, located in the city of Sais. This temple, while a major cultural and scientific center to date has not been preserved, and the Egyptian city of Sais still exists, but is named "Sa el-Hagar."
The civilization of Atlantis
Even if you believe that Plato did not invent this legend in the process of transferring it from Egyptian priests through Solon and Plato several generations of ancestors, in this story could accumulate a lot of inaccuracies. Solon could have something to misunderstand the Egyptian priests. And two old Crete, telling the story of the children could easily sum up memory. Student of Plato — the famous philosopher Aristotle probably schadivshy feelings of his old teacher during his life, shortly after the death of Plato, openly declared that in the presentation of Plato's Atlantis is a fabrication. According to Aristotle, Plato used as a wrapper around an ancient legend, having invested their own ideas about the ideal state and the right of public morality. Indeed, civilization of Atlantis Plato described in treatises incredible detail — too much detail for the legend, a long time passed on orally.
The Lost Atlantis
Since then, the lost continent of Atlantis is haunted by the scientists who are building different versions of where she was. Various researchers have placed Atlantis in the following places on the map of the world: Cyprus, Azores, Balearic Islands, Canary Islands. Not all scholars agreed with Plato that Atlantis was an island, so it was placed on the Spanish coast or in the Atlas mountains African (Maghreb), where Greek myths held firmament mighty titan Atlas (aka Atlas and Atlantis in this case — the country Atlanta). More extravagant researchers placed Atlantis in countries such as Sweden, Romania, Peru, Brazil, and even in Antarctica. The list is far from complete.
Some researchers believe that the lost world of Atlantis to be found not on earth, and under the water, where the legendary country went after the tragic death. For example, a Russian researcher Vyacheslav Kudryavtsev placed Atlantis in the Celtic shelf (near the British Isles) and linked her death with the rise in sea level that occurred due to the melting of glaciers after the last glacial maximum.
Funny thing happened in 2009. Then many reputable World
Media reported that there was a Atlantis FoundOn the maps … Google Earth. This Atlantis Submarine was accidentally discovered Google Earth users of the service in the Atlantic and was a straight line intersecting the city streets on the seabed. But it soon became clear that the image under consideration is a graphical artifacts that arise in the processing of electronic cards that Google employees just forgot to retouch.
See also: The Cremation of the Hindus, What is plastination?.