The fact that the mind of a child is at their fingertips, a famous teacher once said Sukhomlinsky. And it's not just a pretty picture. Speech therapists and psychologists never tire of repeating how important to do fine motor skills — especially for the development of speech, well, for coordination, training hand to writing, drawing, handicrafts, etc.
Agile, skillful fingers — a pledge of the full intellectual development (attention, thinking, imagination, visual and motor memory). And in order for the process to be fun and interesting, invented many special games and toys.
For the little ones — from 0 to the year
Since about three to four months baby turns into a Hvatayku — grasping reflex helps him in the study of this world. Tiny fingers strive to grab everything they come across along the way, squeeze, let go, and see what comes of it. Therefore, for this age group are perfect rattles, and it is better if they are not only of plastic, but also of cloth, wood, twigs, etc.
After six months of a child surely interest soft books of tissue. Handmade mother can sew a book on their own, and the less busy and more Handmade find such a product in the store.
Analogue soft books, only in a larger version — developing mat. Usually it is equipped with a variety of interesting details — unbreakable mirror, soft springs, "shurshalkami" and "beeper" to which the kid would be happy to press, exploring new sound.
Approximately 9-10 months with your young ranger certainly come in handy development center — It can be fixed on the crib or play with it on the table. It is a panel with a variety of handles, buttons, wheels, which can turn, push, rotate, etc. Now there are both imported and domestic versions of such toys. They are able to distract the baby even from my father's cell phone and the TV remote.
From years of age or older
We deliberately do not specify an upper age limit, because many toys a child can play long enough, coaching, for example, the accuracy and speed of movement. If the first experiments seeks simply to collect a simple constructor or get drawstring at least one hole, then the child can then do it on the speed with eyes closed, etc. So toys — is a profitable investment, not a toy at a time, and for a few years.
Cubes and designers
Build a tower — not an easy task. Especially for naughty fingers. But this seemingly simple enough exercise, perfectly develops coordination, balance, introduces the simple physical laws (such as experienced by the child becomes convinced that the biggest and heaviest cube better to put in a base structure, and is small and light is useful for its completion). By the way, another option elementary designer — famous pyramids.
It is better to choose the classic version — with a gradual reduction of the diameter circles. Material — preferably wood, painted in pure, saturated colors.
Older children will be happy to collect the house, locks, equipment and even animals — special prefabricated wooden and plastic models are designed for children aged 5-7 years.
Frames and Inserts
In teaching practice, these toys has introduced the famous Maria Montessori. They are flat and three-dimensional (eg, cups or boxes, nest, or nesting dolls). Another embodiment of the bulk liner — the so-called Sorter, or logical cube (is a fairly large cube with holes of different shapes, where to invest the corresponding figure).
Child coached precision of movement, met "the touch" with the basic geometric shapes. There are of wood, plastics or foam rubber.
Represent figures from various tissues (with chintz and silk to carpet) with Velcro. Again, there are planar — when on a uniform field to gather man, animal or geometric construction, and there are — volume, three-dimensional (snowman, clown tower). For the development of fine motor skills here are Velcro.
Figures on magnets
You are tired of boring white surface of the refrigerator? In this case, you can charge it to your design crumbs and give him a magnetic mosaic (which is in the form of multi-colored letters, numbers, geometric shapes). While the child is to train coordination and spatial reasoning, you just have time to cook dinner.
Boards Seguin (collapsible pictures)
The simplest version of the puzzle that is available even a year-old tot. Represent plywood boards with pictures that are cut into several pieces. In every part of the inserted small hand — that part can be easily removed from the frame, and then fix it in place. For the little pieces to be a little bit — not more than 2-3. Then, of course, their number is gradually increasing.
It is desirable that the cut images are not passed through the figure, or at least through a person's head or an animal. First, the character's head is to the child some semantic center of the composition, and secondly, some sensitive children are very upset when a dog or a man "cut."
From three years of age or older
The really lace up boots — can be complicated. You can start to work out on a flat hedgehog, house shoe or toy. If the child is unable to get to the hole, be sure to praise him and do not require that he immediately "as it should be" all laced up and down the toy. That will come later, but for now it is important to secure the first success.
In English the word means "a puzzle difficulty." But we are not looking for the easy way! Especially since the puzzles can turn into fun for the whole family. In addition to fine motor skills, this game creates more and spatial representation, color perception (sometimes you need to find a very precise color shade). The resulting pictures can be taken apart and then re-assemble and can be stuck to a cabinet or on the wall, thereby obtaining a stylish mosaic decoration for a child's room.
This game was still in our childhood (something familiar and recognizable, not counting, of course, dolls and pyramids!) The smallest can simply upload a track from multi-colored circles, and the older kids will have a composition of the sample or guided by his own imagination.
Finger puppets and dolls, gloves
Finger puppets can be made of wood (a small toy with a recess for a finger) and soft (fabric or knitted fabric sewn tube, which strengthens the head and other parts). Doll-glove (Bi-Ba-Bo) is put directly on the whole hand. This simple props will not only make a home puppet show with your child, but at the same time — to train the fingers.
Perfectly develops fine motor skills and a variety of creative activities — sculpture, painting, applique, sewing, knitting, etc.
As you can see, you can train fine motor skills through a variety of activities. Choice — for you!