In the first special report of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the situation of human rights in the United States, rendered at the hearing in the State Duma October 22, 2012, were cited numerous cases of discrimination based on race and religion in the lives of American citizens. The same was said and the recently released film "Aleut Story," a nightmarish events dedicated to the 1942 — deportations of the Aleutian Islands and the Pribilof Islands. The majority of Americans today unknown to the story so far …
On the deportation of the Japanese American public is more or less aware. In the 1940s, the main enemy of the United States in the Pacific was Japan. And while fighting against U.S. forces in Japan were thousands of miles from the United States, more than 120,000 Japanese were forcibly deported from the U.S. West Coast and placed in a so-called moving centers. Over 60% of them had U.S. citizenship.
The anti-Japanese sentiment reached its peak then, it is not surprising: after all, in some states of America in the early 1900s had laws prohibiting interracial marriages with whites Asians. At the time of the mass deportation of the Japanese were compared with vipers, on the streets of American cities were posters with ugly images of the Japanese as bloodthirsty and despicable race. I emphasize that it concerned the Japanese-Americans, and not those who lived in Japan. Arrest were even orphans and those in whom the Japanese blood was only 1/16! Japanese moved to the east and west coast deep into American territory, settled in barracks that are not suitable for overcrowding and freezing winters. Those who dared to go beyond the fence, waiting for the bullet time.
After the Japanese air attack on Unalaska repeated the fate of the Japanese Alaskan Aleuts. Washington ordered to evict all in whom there is at least one eighth of native blood. Aleuts were not informed where they were being taken. They simply force loaded onto military ships and taken to a special camp (there were 4). Conditions were terrible in them: hunger, cold, illness, death. When in charge of the placement of the Aleut camp at Gulf Funter federal agent McMillan expressed his outrage living conditions of the poor natives in a report addressed to his superiors, his report was returned back to him, and he was reprimanded McMillan. Hearing the suffering of the Aleuts authorities did not want.
Things were no better in the camp in the village of Killisnoo. The deportees were forced to drink dirty water, hide from the Alaskan cold in unheated barracks. Assistance provided to them is not the federal government, and living near the Tlingit Indians. They shared with Aleuts blankets, salt, medicines. Attempts to provide humanitarian assistance to deported in large-scale government suppressed, and the petition of Aleut women, beseeching them to feed and warm the children were left unattended. It is in Killisnoo had the highest death rate among the deportees.
In Burnett Inlet Aleuts were placed in abandoned huts, remaining after the left from there many years ago the workers of the local cannery, also abandoned. The plant operated only during the warmer months, so the house was not equipped with a heating system. Rotten walls, no beds, running water, electricity and swarms of hungry wolves, which at night shastali's walls. William Zakharov (!), The head of the Aleut community, three weeks later filed a complaint with the local authorities to change the conditions of stay for the better. These complaints will sweat a lot, but the prisoners back home will only Barnett Inlet in 1945, finding their once cozy home on Unalaska looted by American soldiers.
Evacuation camp at Lake Ward also had a bad reputation. He was surrounded by impenetrable thickets, and even to the nearest town was only 8 miles, getting there could not Aleutians. Conditions were the same as in the other "travel centers" — a couple of rough huts without electricity and water, several sheds in the yard and a tiny latrine, one for all, around which the Aleuts had to eat.
All four camps were deported en masse began to fall ill with tuberculosis, pneumonia and skin diseases. Ached all — both adults and children. Issued only enough food to meet the fifth needs of food. People were dying of hunger and lack of treatment (1).
Men, and so debilitated, threats were forced to work in marine fisheries. They were turned into slaves, threatening in case of refusal to leave them with their families in the camps forever (2). Aleuts were trying to find extra money, wherever they were paid in full, and not forced to work for free, but the federal government kept a sharp lookout, so that the Aleuts were on the ground. The result — a massive official refusals to requests Aleuts allowing them to provide food for their families. The U.S. authorities to save on everything: on food, construction materials, on medication. Aleuts paid for it with their lives.
In the abandoned villages Aleuts American soldiers pillaged not only the Aleutian dwelling, but also the church. Predominantly Orthodox, as Aleuts, experiencing at the time the influence of Russian culture are the stalwarts of Orthodoxy. It counted among the ranks of Orthodox saints Peter the Aleut, tortured by the Spanish in California in 1815 for refusing to convert to Catholicism. This is to tell the world the other Aleut Orthodox — Ivan Kyglay, who managed to escape from captivity. Attract attention, and relatively numerous names of deported Aleut Americans clearly Russian origin — Lestenkov, Prokop'ev, Zakharov.
Some still come to the graves of their ancestors, who never destined to survive that link. Eyewitnesses of those distant events are sure that such a cruel way Americans Aleuts was dictated, as in the case of the internment of the Japanese, not so much by military necessity as racist prejudices.
"Aleut Story" tells the story about the visit and the Aleutians in forced exile, and how many prisoners survived decades later, could not obtain from the U.S. federal government any compensation or even an official apology. With regard to public attention the film, it looks like he's worried mainly those events directly affected these many years: local historians and even a handful of journalists who have written about this movie. The general public did not learn that in the modern history of the United States deported peoples were subjected to not only the Japanese, but the Aleutians. "Aleut Story" got lost in the sea of American cinema-video products.