Women sterilization (Tubal occlusion, "tying tubes", voluntary surgical contraception) — a surgical procedure, which resulted in lost ability to conceive and give birth to a child and is a highly effective method of contraception. The mechanism of sterilization is that it creates an artificial obstruction of the fallopian tubes, thus fertilization is impossible, because the egg is isolated from the sperm. There are several technologies — tubes tied, cross, dissected, sealed or clamped with special clamps.
In our country, voluntary sterilization permitted in the senior women of reproductive age (after 35 years), which already has at least one child and not wanting to have more children in the future.
Sterilization is generally carried out by means of laparoscopic surgery. A laparoscope is a narrow tube that is inserted into the abdominal cavity through a small incision under endoscopic control. By manipulating the laparoscope, the doctor puts the clamps on the tubes. This operation is reversible. Clips tubes can be removed and, theoretically, the ability to conceive and bear children can recover. However, practice shows that the cross tube after such an operation is restored with difficulty. It is also possible the complete excision of the fallopian tubes.
Sometimes there are situations that involve a number of diseases or disorders in which a baby can be extremely dangerous to life and health of the mother, and thus the use of the most reliable contraception (hormonal or intrauterine) is associated with a certain risk to the health or even contraindicated in which sterilization is an indispensable tool. Typically, this is after the woman can live a fulfilling sex life without fear of pregnancy and its potential negative effects on their health.
Sterilization not entail a change in physical condition, hormone system, or psyche. And, as proven medical research that sexual activity can actually increase.
It should be remembered that sterilization — a protection against unwanted pregnancy, but not from infection, sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV infection. If there is a risk of infection, it is best to use a condom.