I live in America and would like to share with you, as illuminated by the Second World War in the United States. The first thing that struck me is that the majority of Americans believe that they have made a major contribution to the defeat of Nazi Germany, and about the contribution of the Soviet Union have a very vague idea. Many even think that the Soviet Union fought on Hitler's side …
But the move from general impressions to the facts. As you can falsify history, without stooping to outright lies? Simply telling part of the truth. And it will be even worse than outright lies. For example, you read in the book: the man in the park in the evening killed another man. Was it? Was. Your reaction is negative — the killer! Sympathy for this man zero mass antipathy. You lied? No, you have been told part of the truth.
Complete the truth is that the man killed the man who in the evening in the park trying to rape and kill a woman. Seeing this, a passerby stood up for the ladies and in the struggle with the armed perpetrator killed him. As you can see, it was necessary to "add" information, and your assessment of what happened has changed diametrically opposite. Now the man is not a murderer, but a real hero who did what he should do every true representative of the stronger sex.
And write the history of the West. Ideological problems are solved by means of distortion and concealment.
Take the world history textbook for 7th grade to which my daughter attended. Prentice Hall. History of Our World 2007 (Prentice Hall. History of Our World, 2007). On page 623 (section 4, Chapter 21) during the war in 1943-45, in Europe, is dedicated to just one paragraph. Here it is in full:
"Victory in Europe. Following companies in North Africa and Italy, the Allies discovered the western front against the Germans weakened. June 6, 1944 Allied ships with 156,000 soldiers on board landed in Normandy, northern coast of France. Known as D-Day, the Normandy invasion was the beginning of a massive campaign allies to the east. After six months, the Allied armies reached Germany. After the last attempt to achieve success in December 1944, known as the Battle of the Bulge, the German army was crushed. The Allies declared victory in Europe, May 8, 1945 "
And so ended the war in Europe. It is fair to say that the Battle of Moscow and Stalingrad in chapter yet been mentioned. But the Americans came to Europe about Russian authors of the textbook immediately forgotten. No powerful blows of the Red Army in the 1944-1945 year, no storming of Berlin. And the Germans have weakened. Weakened strategic Allied air raids.
Now let's look at the local library. On a shelf is quite a lot of books about the Second World War. They mostly talk about the battles with the Americans or about the Holocaust. A lot of books on the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (Pearl Harbor) and the D-Day (D-Day). For those who do not know: the opening of the Second Front, June 6, 1944 in the United States has long called the "D-Day", a military term meaning the day of the surgery.
This, incidentally, is no coincidence. Very convenient, instead of talking about the second front, Americans prefer to remember the "D-Day: the beginning of the end for Nazi Germany» (D-day: the beginning of the end for Nazi Germany), the most important battles of WWII in their presentation. And start talking about the second front, the question immediately arises: where is was the first front, and what was more important than the front? Therefore, short and clear — "D-Day".
But back to the library, I notice in a conspicuous place as many as three copies of the beautifully designed book by a famous American historian Stephen Ambrose's "fair fight. How was won World War II ", 2001 (Stephen E. Ambrose. The good fight. How World War II was won, 2001).
Abstract on the insert promising. It says, "Steven E. Ambrose, one of the best historians of our time, has written an excellent history of the Second World War for young readers …" And then at the turn reading list of the main events of the war and the tapeworm.
September 1. Germany invades Poland, beginning World War II.
September 27. Japan signed the Pact of Steel.
November 5. The Japanese government takes the secret decision to go to war with the United States.
December 7. The Japanese make a surprise attack on the American military base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
December 8. United States declares war on Japan.
January 20. The Wannsee Conference.
April 18. Dulita raid on Japan.
June 4. The Battle of Midway, the Japanese captured the islands of Attu and Kiska near Alaska.
August 7. U.S. Marines invade the Japanese-held Guadakanal.
November 8. Operation Torch, the Allied landing in North Africa.
And so on and so forth. About the fight against Nazism USSR — practically nothing.
That is to say, when asked, as the Second World War was won, "one of the best historians of our time" quietly and without a twinge of conscience tells only about the battles and events involving Americans. And in America, take it as normal. Go on a popular website to sell books. There are mostly very positive reviews of readers (except for reviews of yours truly).
Stephen Ambrose, one of the most popular historians writing books in the U.S., owned and following an "outstanding" section of not less than "outstanding" in the book "The winners: Eisenhower and his boys — Men of World War II» («The Victors: Eisenhower And His Boys The Men Of World War II »). On page 352 we read:
"In the spring of 1945 in different parts of the world the appearance of the detachment of a dozen young men, armed and in a form that struck terror into the hearts of people. Was it a group of Red Army … or … or German squad Japanese squad … that squad meant rape, massacres, looting, massive destruction, senseless killing. But there was an exception: a detachment of Americans, the kind that cause the biggest smiles that can be seen on the faces of the people and inspired joy in their hearts … "
Well, does not see Ambrose difference between the Red Army and the Nazis, what to do. And what about the British friends? In a fit of narcissism completely forgotten about them. And this, I repeat, one of America's leading historians — his books are sold everywhere. But do not be in the library to find books where The contributions of the Soviet Union in the war?
It is possible. Here's a book in 2004: Margaret D. Holstein, "The Second World War in Europe» (Margaret J. Goldstein. World War II inEurope)
There, on page 17, published a map of Europe, entitled "Hitler's Blitzkrieg 1939-1941." Only the Soviet Union as something wrong there is painted. I looked closer and saw "the Soviet Union (an ally of Germany until June 1941)." This is how clearly and without any reservations. After that, it is not surprising that about the contribution of the Soviet Union is not so much. But even after June 1941, we kind of like to have an ally of Britain and the United States. But on page 86 and a list of major battles.
The major battles of the Second World War in Europe:
The German invasion of Poland — September 1, 1939
The German invasion of Norway and Denmark — April 9, 1940
The German invasion of Belgium, the Netherlands and France — May 10, 1940
The Battle of Britain — From July to October 1940
The German invasion of the Soviet Union — June 22, 1941
The Battle of Kiev, Kursk, Leningrad, Moscow, Sevastopol and Stalingrad — June 1941 to June 1944
The Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii — December 7, 1941
The Battle of El Alamein — October for November 1942
Allied invasion of Algeria and Morocco — November 8, 1942
Allied invasion of Tunisia and Libya — from February to May 1943
The Allied invasion of Sicily — July 10, 1943
The Battle of Monte Cassino, Italy — January 4 to May 18, 1944
The Allied invasion of Anzio in Italy through — January 22, 1944
Allied invasion of France through Normandy (D-Day) — June 6, 1944
Allied invasion of southern France — August 1944
Battle of Ardennes in Belgium — December 1944.
That's right, no respect, the most important battle of our collected in one pile. And the battle for Budapest and Berlin, and many others, and not at all. So simple Americans would never guess that 80% of the German army was broken on the eastern front. Ah, we remember — "after the Battle of the Bulge German army was crushed." We must also give the impression that after the Americans came to Europe, they are mainly, and fought with the Germans.
Some might say that I deliberately seek out the most wrong book, and, they say, is better. Yes, but they still have to look. You can gather the crumbs of truth, only American child is not likely to do it. And I'm fairly cite excerpts from the popular press. For example, it may be more popular than the famous series "For Dummies» (For Dummies), which all over the world, including in Russia, published in large editions.
Well, take a book Kate D. Dixon, "The Second World War for Dummies» (Keith D. Dickson. World War II for Dummies). On the cover of the phrase-hook, which should attract the attention of the reader: "Read the story about Hitler, Pearl Harbor, D-Day and Hiroshima." The phrase is quite remarkable — it clearly shows to what the Americans have associated the war. It is not surprised that among the dozens of not-so-important events in the history of the battles there was no place for Moscow and Kursk. But of particular interest is Chapter 23, page 371, "Ten major leaders of the Second World War."
The author approaches the subject seriously:
"When a component of a leaf, always having to exclude someone who is worthy … I made my choice based on personal qualities of leadership, ownership of military science, the ability to lead and inspire people in the battle, the use of personal will to achieve national interests. To avoid too much controversy, I list the names in alphabetical order. "
As a result, the top ten were:
1. Winston S. Churchill: The Eternal Greatness (England).
2. Dwight D. Eisenhower: Do not worry, be happy (USA).
3. Douglas MacArthur. Damn the torpedoes! (USA).
4. George Marshall: The True devotion (USA).
5. Chester W. Nimitz: Mr. Seas (USA).
6. George S. Patton: Warrior for any time of the year (United States).
7. Erwin Rommel: Desert Fox (Germany).
8. Franklin D. Roosevelt: Artful Dodger (USA).
9. Isoruko Yamamoto Warrior Samurai (Japan).
10. Georgy Zhukov: The leader of the masses (the USSR).
It is understandable why, unlike other books in the series "For Dummies", this book about World War II did not translate into Russian. We probably had a very different World War II. But guess who said the following:
"History knows no greater example of courage than the one that was shown by people of Soviet Russia … We and our allies are eternally grateful and forever indebted to the army and the people of the Soviet Union … The ability and aggressive fighting spirit of Russian soldiers admired the American army … The scale and grandeur of Russian contribution can considered the greatest military achievement in all history … "
I found these statements higher command ranks of the U.S. in the famous American documentary "Why We Fight, Battle of Russia", directed by Frank Capra, who was shot in 1943. The first quote is owned by Henry L. Simpson, Minister of War, the U.S., the second — Frank Knox, minister of the U.S. Navy, and the third — the Chief of Staff George Marshall, the fourth — General Douglas MacArthur, commander of U.S. forces in the Pacific.
Then, back in 1943, when the Soviet Union almost single-handedly fought with all the might of Nazi Germany, and he saved the world from the brown plague, they spoke very differently …
Tigran Khalatyan, Ph.D.