Hardening — Increase the body's resistance to the adverse effects of environmental factors through systematic training.
Terms of hardening
Procedures can be started from any age, almost from birth.
Can be tempered and sickly children. Begin the procedure at a time when the baby is healthy.
Hardening use all environmental factors (sun, air, water).
Hardening can be start at any time of the year. The procedures must be carried out systematically, throughout the year, then they will be of maximum effect.
Should gradually increase the strength of the stimulus andtime its impact on the child.
All quenching procedures are effective only against the background of positive emotions!
Hardening of the child up to 1 year
First hardening procedure for a newborn baby are air baths. They consist in the fact that at the time of changing the child being kept naked for 1-2 minutes at a temperature of room air 22-24 C.
In the summer, the newborn can be taken for a walk almost immediately after birth (if it weighs more than 2500 g), initially for 20-40 minutes a day, gradually increasing the time to 6-8 hours per day. Ultraviolet rays have a positive effect on the immune system of the body, but it must be remembered that the child's delicate skin burns easily, so the kid stay in direct sunlight is strictly prohibited.
Winter in central Russia for a walk with your child can be a seven-day-aged at temperatures down to -10 C in calm weather, ranging from 5-10 minutes a day, leading to exposure to fresh air at 1.5-2 hours a day.
Very important quenching procedure in this age group is the daily bathing the baby. Swimming gives children positive emotions and tempering is a powerful factor. Shared bath in the first half of the year are carried out daily, in the second — and you can in a day. The water temperature should be 36-37 ° C. After bathing the baby pour water by 2-3 degrees lower than the one in which he bathed.
From one year to three years
At this age, children are quite resistant to many adverse factors, especially if the hardening produced from birth. Therefore, we can use a more contrasting methods. One can hold general wiping with a decrease in water temperature to 26-28 C, apply a shower that has more impact, since in addition to the temperature factor is still the case, and the mechanical action of the water flow in the skin of the child, has a massaging effect.
With one and a half to two years, a child can allow swimming in open water at a water temperature of 21 C and an air temperature of 25 C or more. First bath for 1-2 minutes, then break for 10-15 minutes. It is important not to frighten the child — do not drag it into the water, let alone go down.
Children older than 1 year can be gradually spend sunbathing. Temperature temperature should be between +20 C to +30 C (but not more!), sun exposure start slowly 5-10 minutes to 30-40 minutes.
The best time for sunbathing — the morning from 9 to 12 hours in the hot time you can sunbathe and from 16 to 18 hours. Do not forget to put on a baby's head panama. Closely monitor the baby's skin — at the least in krasnenii exposure to the sun should be discontinued for 1-2 days.
Children under three years of undesirable conduct contrasting tempering procedure (cold-tion shower, sauna, Russian bath), as the child is not yet able to assess the state of health, and will later be difficult to distinguish between beneficial effects of this technique and negative.