They were born in Tokyo Yoichiro Nambu Yankees and two Japanese physicists Makoto Kabayasi Tasihide and Maskawa.
Yoichiro NambuNambu (87 years), who became South American citizen in 1970, received the award for his discovery in 1960 of the mechanism of so-called spontaneous symmetry breaking in the world of elementary particles.
"Spontaneous symmetry breaking in the order of nature hides under the surface obviously confusing" — pronounced Swedish academics in the justification of the Prize. "It was very useful, and Nambu’s theories pierce the Standard Model of physics elementary particles."
So called standard model connects voedinyzhdy one physical theory of three of four basic interactions (forces) Nature: elektramagnetychnae, strong and weak. Gravitational force does not go into this theory.
Makoto KabayasiKabayasi (64 years) and Maskawa (68 years) received the award for the interpretation of the 1972 origin of spontaneous symmetry breaking and the simultaneous existence of the prophecy at least 3 groups of quarks — the most basic building blocks of matter. This interpretation is to find experimental evidence already in the XXI century.
"Before This time not explained by symmetry breaking of the same kind lies in the origins of the cosmos in Bolshennom explosion about 14 billion years ago. If the number of folded material was equal to the amount of antimatter, they had would anigilyavats each other. But it did not happen — there was a tiny deviation of one particles of matter 10 billion particles of antimatter. The question of how exactly it happened, remains unanswered. Perhaps new
Tasihide Maskawaaccelerator lung gadronav in the European nuclear research center in Geneva will interpret some lurking over which we continue to crush the head, "- pronounced Swedish academics on the recognition of the Nobel Prize 2008 in physics.
Nambu will receive half of the sum of 1.4 million bucks, which is the currency price premiums and Kabayasi and Maskawa for the quarter.
Tags: award, the Nobel Prize, Physics, Collider