Conversation over a glass of tea in the smoke-filled kitchen that in the next field the grass is greener, has always been the hallmark of all ethnic Russian and hypothetical. Everyone, without exception, the residents of the country from time to time come to mind such thoughts. However, in the last couple of years, the trend has become more pronounced, and talk less and less dependent on the amount of alcohol consumed.
Can be the judge of that, looking around. Try to remember how many of my friends have heard about the prospects of moving to another country — Canada, Australia, Norway, Austria. A developed country in comparison with the homeland to many Russians seem heavenly place. Although a couple of years ago one of my friends left for permanent residence in Guinea, and the other — in India. We see the truth say of Russia — at least in Cambodia …
According to recent polls, "Levada-Center", currently 22% of Russians think about emigrating from the country, and 9% of them — often. In this case, 29% of respondents are considering leaving Russia at least for a while. Such plans often give voice to young people aged 18 to 24 and from 25 to 39 years of age with a university education and high consumer status.
Even more pessimistic resulting analytical data holding ROMIR: a third of the inhabitants of cities in Russia (31%) would like to emigrate. More often stated desire to leave men, citizens with higher education and higher income, consisting in a civil marriage or unmarried. The share of emigrants is much higher among young people (48%). That is, want to leave the very young and promising that, in the opinion of the current government should implement the bright ideas of the notorious modernization.
The desire to emigrate may be caused by very different reasons. Someone running from the political system, not wanting to endure another 12 years of the current regime, which is characterized by the growth of corruption, the weakening of the economy and the increasing dominance of the security forces. This can be described as a political exile, there is even a special term "Putin decade exodus."
However, not everything is so politicized, and someone wants to leave the country in search of a better life. Young people are more mobile: receiving education and realizing that they do not like the realities of life in Russia, they realize that it is sensible to try their luck abroad. Standing on the very first rung of the career ladder, comes the realization that overseas possible a whole different level of wages, more affordable housing and, most importantly, are the opportunities and prospects that involve even the slightest just social elevator. After all, to be honest, fonvizinskoe "How not poradet native little man" firmly etched in the Russian mentality, undermining the foundations of social justice.
It is difficult to objectively assess the economic policies of a state. More or less accurate measure here can serve indication that the pace of growth of the economy, the inflow-outflow of capital, the increase in consumer prices, and the overall investment climate, which in recent times so fond of saying our political community. However, the average citizen of a country is less inclined to rely on economic statistics, in terms more understandable for themselves indicators: cost of a liter of gasoline, rents, an opportunity to go on vacation, or, say, to cure teeth.
Everything is relative — if you compare the GDP growth Russia with Belize, the excess will be any patriotic rhetoric. Meanwhile, there are countries with inherently inferior raw data, in small natural resources, intellectual capital rather poor, poor corporate base, and at the same living conditions are much better than in Russia. Ready to leave the Russians often do not understand where their taxes go, if the road was still broken, and where the accumulated dividends state giants, if Russian clinics are almost no free services, and "affordable" housing involves lifelong bondage.
Before Russia we are defenseless
Another important catalyst for migration processes in Russia was the loss of a sense of security. Acts of terrorism, tense situation in cities, rapid growth of crime, mistrust of security forces to stir up the situation and bring it to the breaking point. Of course, terrorism is everywhere, as well as the crime, and the temporary instability. Just get out of the house at night is much worse in Moscow and Saratov than in Oslo and Prague.
Sense of security is lost, not only at the household level, but also in business. Successful entrepreneurs are increasingly express concern that not confident in the future of their business, penyaya the imperfection of the legal framework and judicial bias. To lose at home affairs, the organization has been devoted a significant part of the life, health, time and nerves — too great a risk that, in the opinion of many, is not justified by patriotic feelings.
The practical side of the coin
Turning to the practical side of the issue, it is worth noting that there are several legitimate ways of migration. One of the most common — departure to another country for training. Going through training programs, it is possible to settle abroad for a period of a couple of months to several years. And educational projects can be very diverse: a refresher course or internship, and full secondary or higher education, followed by the award of academic degree and diploma.
Obtain a residence permit or citizenship, in some cases it is possible and by investing in the country: investing in government programs and companies or by private enterprise. In a number of residence permits or citizenship offered after the acquisition of real estate in the country. Apply for a visa, which implies a work permit, and may in a large corporation, inviting foreign employees. There are humanitarian programs: the work of international organizations and even the status of a political emigrant.
A bit of psychology
Not to mention the more subtle psychological aspect, which is also worth paying attention to when making a decision to emigrate. It is the realization that people do not run away from you, but from concrete realities which do not satisfy it. It is naive to believe that somewhere there is an ideal state that can meet all the demands and requirements of the individual. That is why the approach to this issue is not with the emotional, and the only rational point of view, objectively weigh the "pros" and "cons."
Of all the people I know in the past few years have left for abroad, no one returned. They, of course, write sad letter about how the homesickness that not all is rosy as it might seem at first glance. Only their eyes to read a sincere misunderstanding, when you meet them at the airport on the same machine, they are speechless when they find out how much it cost to rent "this very apartment," they go crazy in the Moscow traffic jams and almost let a tear when they openly rude to the store. They sincerely miss their Luxembourg, Paris and London, though he gave no sign: shrug when they are called immigrants, and assured that it will soon necessarily return to their homeland.
It is necessary to admit that the fish is looking for where it is deeper, and the person — which is better. A finish like a sad joke: the citizens of the Russian Federation that are poorly behaved in this life after death fall again in Russia.