Taz (up to 1949 Halmer-Sede) — a small town in the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District. The administrative center of the district Taz.
Founded in 1883 as a trading post called fishing Halmer-Sede (Sopka (Hill) dead — translated from the Nenets). Once on the hill, which is now the village was an old Nenets kladbische.Status small town — since 1964.
Taz region is part of the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District and is the largest on the territory of the district of the Tyumen region. Located above the Arctic Circle, on the right side of the Ob Bay, stretches for 750 km from north to south and 300 km from west to east.
Much of the area is available on the Gydan Peninsula. Area is sparsely populated. The population of the district on January 1, 2011 is 16,500 people, including 6,808 people in clause Taz.
The main water arteries of the region are the Ob, Taz and Gydanskaya lip of the Taz and Pur. The navigation on them lasts from mid-July to mid-September. The largest rivers of the district — Taz, Pur, Tanama, Messoyakha, Yuribey. The district has more than 18,000 lakes.
From the north and west Taz Flanked by the Yenisei Gulf, Gyda, Yuratskoy and Ob cold lips of the Kara Sea, to the east by the Krasnoyarsk region, in the south — and Krasnoselkupsky Pur districts of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District.
The regional center — the village Taz, is located only 200 kilometers north of the Arctic Circle, and almost the entire territory of the district — Taz peninsula, Gyda, Mammoth, Yavay and Deer Island, Shokalskogo, Neupokoeva, Cursed, Celebes — lies in the Arctic zone. The northernmost of these are located more than 700 kilometers north of the Arctic Circle. The municipal education Taz region includes 5 settlements: urban settlement claim Taz and rural settlements — with. Antipayuta with. Gas-Sale, p. Gyda and c. Nakhodka.
Distance from district center Salekhard by water — 986 km, Air — 552 km, to the regional center of Tyumen, by water — 2,755 km., Air — 1341 km. The nearest railway station n Korotchaevo is 230 km.
In the Middle Ages it was known that in the wild Northern lands are great riches. About Zlatokipyaschey Mangazeya told stories and legends. Region was rich in fish and furs, sturgeon, smoked reindeer, sable yes hazel. All this is skillfully extracted Nenets — the indigenous people of the North, engaged in traditional crafts: hunting, herding, and fishing.
In the Soviet period in the Far North have opened new wealth — the "blue fuel" and "black gold." It was here in 1962 with the opening of Taz went Large gas fields in Yamal. And after opening the world-famous deposits — Russian, Urengoyskoye, Yamburgskoye and Polar — the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District became known as the Russian gas province.
It is in Taz region are the world's largest herd of deer (about 200 thousand heads), huge reserves of valuable species of fish and rich in underground storage, which, according to experts, in the next 10-15 years will determine the level of gas across Russia.
But the main value of the area, its wealth — it is people that make the XXI century old customs and traditional crafts in harmony with the new economic thinking.
The eternal flame.
The district administration.
A new district.
Shop in the town.
42-apartment house, § Taz
Kindergarten for 240 places, paragraph Taz
The new building of the boarding school, paragraph Taz
House of Culture Village.
Apartment house in the village of Taz. "Parrot"
Taz Children's Art School
Maternity hospital for 25 seats in the regional center
Stopping complex in the Taz
Dormitory Taz boarding school
Center of culture and leisure in the village of Taz