Culture in the interpretation of Oswald Spengler — a product of the human spirit — as well as any system of values has a philosophical basis and reflects a certain interpretation of the meaning and ways of human history and their place in it.
What is the religious and philosophical foundations of European culture — these religiously sanctioned, and therefore the absolute ethical parameters of Christian culture in general? This is an obvious idea of earthly life as a trial before an eternal life and the kingdom of God, of clear boundaries between good and evil and free will — Gifts of the Holy Spirit, and the ethical idea of human equality, which does not allow to treat any person as an agent for other purposes and subjects and the king, and a single slave to the Court on the basis of the same criteria set forth in generally Commandments and the Sermon, as construed by the Apostle St. Paul.
These fundamental ideas about the meaning and purpose of human life and gave birth to the Christian culture that introduced the world to the unique achievements in all spheres of human activity — from the new states to the arts and technology. Moreover, these achievements are distinguished not only the greatness of the scale, but also a unique universality of moral paradigm, an impressive ethical integrity.
Interpretation of the supreme power — how power from God and, therefore, serve as a spawned unprecedented previously to the rights and obligations of the ruler, who became the epitome of the ethical ideal and the debt as opposed to pagan — quod licet jovi non licet bovi (that is permitted to Jupiter — the bull is not allowed) .
The idea of the identity of sin and crime, which stems from the comprehensive nature of the Christian commandments that make up the moral paradigm and the motive of all conscious life of a Christian, was the ethical foundation of legal awareness and legal philosophy that gave rise to the body of law in which the law followed the moral evaluation of the religious canon.
In the area of economic activity dominant principle (at least initial) became the adequacy of ethics, not profits. It has appointed a task morally justified incentive motivation to economic activities, eliminating usury, condemned in the Scriptures.
Artistic consciousness, infused with the spirit of Christianity gave rise to the canons of art and literature, painting and architecture, has given rise to very clear about the fact that in all areas of creativity can be the beauty and ugliness, the rate and distortion, harmony and cacophony, good and bad taste. All this is confirmed and proclaimed that the criteria of good and evil in the parameters of artistic and intellectual expression of human nature — there are absolute, not relative terms.
The great European culture in the collective sense of the term has been generated by a grand test of man's free will and passions and torments his soul to be realized, tossing between the duty to follow the good and the challenges and temptations of evil. This culture has spawned a hero as an embodied debt. Ardent and the natural human desire to express this struggle that pervades the fullness of his spiritual, physical, family, social, national, state, and economic life has given rise to an unprecedented variety of genres and forms.
Where is the apogee of what the background and reasons for lifting the creative decline in parallel with the progress of "progress" and gaining more and more "freedom"? What is actually Renaissance and the Enlightenment, which is usually associated with the rise of European culture?
Age of Humanism, the Renaissance lost eschatological thought, and the universal aspirations of finally materialize, and that was the infamous "progress." After the Enlightenment, giving absolute priority of the external attributes of freedom, positive law and ignoring the criteria of internal freedom, philosophical liberalism inevitably lost its urge for spiritual ideal, yet inherent in the tree of humanity, in which liberalism has grown fruit. But humanism was the brainchild of the Christian spirit is still with his primacy perfect, heavenly (hence the heroism of European culture), ruined the Promethean pride. The shift away from religious identity category inevitably cast a pre-Christian, even pre-pre-Aristotelian and Platonic interpretation of the individual, his rights and freedom. Already Plato and his unsurpassed for its time definition of man as a mixture of animal and the divine, the freedom to make sense especially for the ascension of man on his "star home", building a "city of God" (Bl.Avgustin). Indifferent to inner freedom, liberalism more clearly showed features tretesoslovnogo libertarianism born Reformation and usury, which becomes the "scion" genetically victorious in hybrid, as the fate of the stock — to be cut off to the roots …
Gradually emptying his soul, a man both idolized his earthly nature, perverted idea of God-likeness to God equality, a man came to the idea of logically chelovekobozhiya. A favorite image of the Renaissance — the man-titan, Prometheus, which requires God to give him his (cheloveka!) land («Muss mir meine Erde doch lassen steh'n!» — «… The earth is my leave me!" — Goethe). Now the man — The Lord of the earth and proclaims its right to manage its affairs and to equip it already "in his own image and likeness." The inevitable focus on the needs of the earth leads eventually "Revival" to the degeneration of the spirit and the highest values — religious, national scientistic in skepticism — the loss of moral "responsibility for the fate of the world" (Dostoevsky). Western alienation is the subject of positivist philosophy. About him pondering materialists from Marx to Marcuse in this century
Materialist philosophy has not seen in the studied phenomenon consequence of man's alienation from the metaphysical roots of his divine nature. But it gradually becomes alienated philosophical paradigm previously heroic European culture.
By the mid-twentieth century. liberalism in extreme theories finally erased the line between good and evil, raising the individual outside of these categories and claiming "absolute sovereignty of views and inclinations of man in his life, no matter how specific it may be …" — explicit derogation from the fundamental beginning of the New Testament about the natural sinfulness of man that only moral asceticism can be transformed from the old Adam in the new Adam. — "Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven." (Matt. 5. 3).
When were gradually lost absolute criteria of good and evil, beauty and ugliness, that is, the canons of the beautiful — the beauty, the harmony, the rate was declared boredom and banality. Perversion, a deviation from normal was considered to be the development from simple to complex … In a world of disappearing concept of "noble act" in violation of Canon — an indication of the relationship between the act to good and evil, leaving room only "incorrect" — contrary to law — certain rules of conduct. "Free individual" completely enslaved his flesh and pride professes nihilism in relation to all the traditional values, inner narcissism and hedonism of the soul to the body.
On the eve of the twentieth century, Orthodox Russia was not part of the Western civilization that grew on the rationalist philosophy of Descartes, the French Revolution, the ideological baggage of the Protestant ethic and motivation to work and wealth. Walter Schubart ("Europe and the soul of the East" M, 1998), analyzing the differences between the Roman-Germanic and Russian types of consciousness, he found a very interesting analogy, west Promethean individual and St. John Russian people … These two types have been exposed to the temptation of different ways, but one the same idea of earthly paradise.
Even in the eighteenth century Russian Orthodox still rejected usury and lived "the truth" and not by right, but the right is still followed the religious canon, because sin was identified with the crime. While Western European liberal interpretation of freedom is reduced more and more to the issue of freedom from what?, Orthodox Russia continued to appreciate the inner freedom, the very definition of which is inseparable from the question of the freedom to do what? Whether it was the implementation of Holy Russia? This ideal was not feasible — neither Western nor the Russian Orthodox Christian could not contain the fullness of His Word. Both the West and the East followed the path of apostasy. What's so special about it at every track?
In Orthodoxy and Russian world view was expressed most strongly eschatological aspect of Christianity. According to the researchers of good vision and awareness at all levels of Russian society Stephen Graham, the West and Russia — is Martha and Mary, to add, unfortunately separated. According to him, even Russian Christianity focused on the threshold of the twentieth century, the idea of the Kingdom of God and the absolute perfection in it. This was particularly true for the common people, who believed our mortal life is not real life, and material strength is not really force.
Berdyaev in his discussion of Russia often emphasized that the "Russian idea" — is not the idea of cultural splendor and powerful kingdom, Russian idea is the idea of the eschatological kingdom of God. " Finally, the great words of St. Seraphim of Sarov conversation with Motovilov, brilliantly expressed the ideal — the acquisition of the Holy Spirit in themselves. It is the way of Mary.
Europe has been on its way for their sins, in Russia on his — his own. Western man in his doubt drew skepticism and nihilism in relation to God and God. Russian Orthodox people in general and passionately believing in God, and became the father of doubt and skepticism, even nihilism. But this is nihilism with respect to anything that man creates in this earthly world. "We are Russian, or apocalyptic nihilists" — wrote in this sense Berdyaev in his "Russian idea". Unfortunately such skepticism is also a product of pride, that can not come to terms with his own shortcomings and loses the incentive to work in an imperfect and doomed. "Confidence in the future deification Germ-reducing present" in relation to any activity in Russian, aptly LPKarsavin.
It has been observed that even the origins of atheism in the Western European and Russian are different: European becomes an atheist from selfishness and hardened hearts. He recognizes only himself. In his arrogance, he does not tolerate any of the gods. Russian becomes an atheist from opposite motives: out of compassion for the earth's creatures. In a universal sense it extends far beyond the gaze of his "I". He no longer wants to combine the suffering that sees around him, with the goodness of God … He, like Ivan Karamazov, loses faith in God because of the tears of the innocent suffering child. Out of compassion for the suffering Russian experiencing is a hater of God.
Therefore, Russian atheists there is nothing more hateful as a monk and theodicy — the justification and merciful God worship. This explains why the militantly anti-Christian Marxism was so ardently perceived and developed on Russian soil — almost like pseudomorphosis religion.
The Revolution was a product of Western thought. The very idea of revolution, a coup instant all the foundations could only have been born in the Christian world on the path of apostasy — the retreat of Christ, not in Buddhism, the world's pantheistic ideas about the endless cycle. This monster generated by sleep of reason (Goya) — a product of the human mind that has lost touch with God and because of his pride which tolerates own imperfections and universal — just a different kind of nihilism. The more apocalyptic belief in the immediate destruction of all sins — so destructive to the self-proclaimed role of senior Judge and the creator of a new era for its own human criteria … At the time when Marxism brought the idea of revolution to a science, Europe has already mastered too skeptical, she was lukewarm and unable a revolution that cost too much. Russia took up the revolution.
Paradoxically, the criteria of ethics were announced and the corresponding relative stage of development of society, the "mode of production", the goal — justifies the means. Equality on the ground turned into practice ethical inequality for "ahistorical classes and individuals that have become a means. The call was embracing tradition and the traditional culture has become the first target.
Western intellectuals, atheist and materialist, quite sympathetic to the philosophical foundations of Marxism. It welcomed the Great October, but she did not like the Soviet Union with the spirit of May 1945, which revived some traditional values. Intellectuals disillusioned with the Soviet Union, which lost its proper degree of "leftism", but they have not given up on the idea of God-given peace and the overthrow of the hierarchy, that is, the idea of revolution. Left wandering spirit from the West to the East and back by changing their instruments as they are so evil.
Disappointed "flame-left" (Regis Debray, E. Che Guevara, Pol Pot, who graduated from the Sorbonne) away from the "decadent" in the jungles of the world to make new hard-line revolution, since the October degenerated and proclaimed by the mouth of Khrushchev burghers ideals "catch up and overtake America . " Frustrated Left "skeptics" exhibit characteristic for the whole of the Western world splash of nihilism — the nature of the phenomenon purely left in the evangelical sense of the term left — in public life, culture and art.
The student riots of the sixties was irrational antisocial antistatism, music, literature and theater "absurd" — a logical "universal" child of the pre-revolutionary Russian avant-garde, Meyerhold, with its "aesthetic execution of the past" and "epic theater" Brecht. Hippie phenomenon — it is a passive revolution total alienation from God-given peace and being demonstrative disregard all values and their denial — erasing the line between good and evil, explaining the subsequent popularity in the West neobuddizma, Hinduism. Finally, the "New Left" and the "New Right" — is not this form of the same longing for planetary utopias and on the left and "right" — "conservative", but be sure revolution. Even in the citadel of the Christian tradition in the West — Catholic invaded science clearly leftist "liberation theology" (Document IV Congress of the Latin American bishops — CELAM), clearly reflected in the work "The poor, the driving force of history" Pedro Nunez. (P.Nunez 's «El Pobre, protagonista de una historia»).
Today, and Post-Communist Russia and the rest of the European spirit — are the strong pressure from the "Atlantic" cosmopolitan liberal project "one of the world based on human values." What happened?
A characteristic of the philosophical basis of the current American ideology that gave birth to the political doctrine of "Atlanticism" and the idea of "one world" — the second (after communism) universalist version of messianic kingdom of man is based on the providential Puritan, inspired by the Old Testament. (This is not just writing the patriarch of the Anglo-Saxon historical thought Arnold Toynbee). Max Weber, pointing to one of the central features of the philosophy of Puritanism — methodically rationalized implementation of its messianic destiny, asserted. that a true Calvinist much more confident in my chosen than the Old Testament believer and God-fearing Jew. With this need to agree: not with his long-suffering Job majestically humble "abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes" (Iov.42.5) inspired yankizm!
Calvinism holds a special place in Protestantism. If Lutheranism — apostasy phenomenon in Christianity, its rationalization, that Calvinism is associated with the Albigensian heresy, Manichaeism with its roots deep in the history of the struggle between good and evil. The very idea that before the creation of the world, people are divided into dedicated to the rescue and are not intended, is the exact opposite of the Christian perception of the world as a unity through the trinity. Dualistic division of the world into immiscible positive and negative, black and white, which is also recognized as the essence of evil, and thus able to creation, proper to Manichaeism, produces and refusal to people in the ethical equality, the division of people into unnecessary and having a value for which others can be a means of . Anglo-Saxon Calvinism certainly tend to disregard and ruthless attitude towards other nations (the extermination of the Indians, starvation of two million Irish people after unprecedented in Christian history of land expropriation and eviction of the native populations). The motive of the civilizing role of the Anglo-Saxon race has played a huge role in the British colonial ideology that clearly demonstrates R. Kipling in his philosophy of "duty white man", decorated with aristocratic elegance.
However, clearly and without any kulturtregerstva idea of superiority, arrogance Calvinist in their role as instruments of God expressed by the British ideologist of Cecil Rhodes: "I believe that we are the first race on earth, and broader than we populate the world, the better it will be for humanity. If there is a God, I think He just glad that I try to paint as many parts of the map of Africa in the color of the British Empire. " Few people think that white Afrikaners in South Africa, which created the apartheid regime — is Calvinists — Dutch and French Huguenots and the English Puritans. The Puritans in America is not engaged in preaching the Word of Christ to local residents — they are not meant to salvation, and the Puritans them mercilessly wiped out.
The Puritans dreamed of the destruction of the traditional type of management that could be carried out without interference only in America. It was to be the promised land of the Puritans, who believed that their election is evident in the fact that they become an instrument of God, and the more certain of their chosen one, the more effective they are in worldly activity. Are these ideas are not close to those who rejected the Savior? Why did not they do willingly, "proselytes" among the Puritans, who do not seek the kingdom of God, in which there will be neither Jew nor Jew, and do not seek to acquire the Holy Spirit, but consciously build the kingdom of men, which is already proselytes given a chance to build a throne for yourself? Why would "God's Chosen", which regard themselves as almost a material part of God, do not benefit from the hands of those "chosen" that considered themselves a "weapon" of God?
Weber also said. that Puritanism was the driving force behind the Western economy and society. If so, this brings us to the conclusion of the historical inevitability of the transition of Europe under the Anglo-Saxon — American auspices, as well as the political and cultural surrender of the Old World. All this happened at the end of the twentieth century. Europe, from the XVIII century, gradually, from the middle of the XIX century. finally surrendered to liberal ideas. But the paradox is the birthplace of the Reformation and revolution, the liberal philosophy and the Protestant ethic could be leading in the process that she herself has created.
The European philosophy of the state and law, public opinion in the ashes of fires were godless Catholic-Christian foundation, and only adapted to the needs of the usurer. But European ethics, which grew out of Catholicism, could be consistent support and guide the spirit of usury version of liberal economics and the inevitable human worship without getting constantly at odds with the Christian canon — for the natural depravity, the ideal of asceticism and goodness without earthly reward. Choosing the path to the kingdom of men, Europe had to give a leading role to the one who most consistently this philosophy embodied in its pure form, without interference in the real economy and government forms.
American Puritans series with messianic conviction build the kingdom of men, and their dominion over the world, proving the success of his earthly chosen by God as taught by Calvin. Puritanism became a de facto retreat from the Beatitudes (the essence of Christianity) and the choice was in favor of the government and the bread on the Mount of temptation.
The Western European spirit was highly developed long test of free will between good and evil, and it has generated a different type of liberal culture in decline — alienation, reflection. introspection, the denial of absolute moral standards, the loss of the harmonic unity with the rest of the world. American Puritan self-confidence in his mission and instrument of God's providential role of liberating people from the pangs of choice and gave rise to a different type of liberal decadence: the lack of passion and throwing free will and duty between good and evil is not conducive to the development of high spirits — hence civilization without understanding its culture in a generation the human spirit (Spengler). there is the cult of the man who in his eyes transforms into a pagan cult of the human body and the panic fear of physical imperfection, aging and death. This is Sparta and Rome, but Rome was not Christian but pagan Rome. Russia's post-communist liberals — past a school of atheism and materialism perceive this American hedonistic type of liberal society and, therefore, Russia and Europe as capitulating to the "Atlantic" civilizational project.
In Russia our samopredatelstvo led to the collapse of the entire Russian history, in which Russia loses not only its role as a great power, but also itself as an independent historical figure with its own search for a universal sense of the historical existence.
Today is enough evidence to debunk the philosophical fallacy that European liberalism is the opposite of communism. From a Christian point of view of Marxism — nothing more than a "cousin" of European liberalism, both of them — the human version of the kingdom without God. " Marxism and liberalism are different ways build non-religious, materialistic, cosmopolitan world, reaching ad Masons aim to "destroy the distinction between the people of rank, beliefs, opinions, fatherland …" (Clavel).
Samopredatelstvo committed by Europe, allows a cosmopolitan financial mechanisms, relying on military power to behave like the ubiquitous world government dictating the will of His Majesty Moneylender enslaved nations, consisting of, say, from a totally free individuals, the Earth moneylender success — this is the result of universalist projects that lured arrogant man in the West and in the East — the universal brotherhood of labor, common European home, one world based on universal values and universal human rights, chief among which is the right to ignorance of the truth and landscaped nesoprichastnost to the world struggle between good and evil …
Manifestations of this are evident in the field of culture. Culture reflects the mood and state of mind and at the same time affects him, or resisting or yielding good and evil. Today's de-Christianization of the basic ethical dimensions of culture was the inevitable result. The rivalry between communism and liberalism was a family dispute over sovereignty and the throne in their "one world", these leviathans of the other was nothing to argue about. Bet on the western "Promethean individual" was more successful than in the Russian "John of man." West built his paradise on earth, that really impresses with its well-being, but hardly anything else.
But it is something else occupied Western man during high European culture and European glory. Russian intellectuals of the past, bewitched by the Mona Lisa smile and Shakespearean passions and thirst for knowledge of Goethe and shine Cartesian logic, the fallen before the spell of "liberty, equality and fraternity", would have seen at the turn of the XXI century. a cabalistic bars «Internet», and traces all over the lender. This authentic host «liberte» managed undercover seductive triad unfeasible without God, drag devastating: «laissez passer, laissez faire» — «miss everywhere, do not get to act", "what is not forbidden — is permitted." With this key, managed to separate completely the concept of sin from crime (ideal Cavour — La loi est athee — law atheistic). Finally, it was possible to distort the concept of "freedom" from the pardonable weakness to sin and indisputable right to work and doubt embodied in Faust and turn it into the right to declare the beauty and deformity, vice and virtue, truth and lies equal in honor by seducing people into nihilism and cynicism of Mephistopheles declaring the equal right and wrong.
But it is equally clear that such freedom loses all incentive and motivation to be creative culture. This impulse was given nothing more than a clear boundary between good and evil. Freedom Without Borders loses the substantial nature and definition. Freedom without absolute parameters of good and evil comes to entropy and leads to a full creative impotence. This is just another manifestation of visual culture now long-established theology and the philosophy of truth — evil has the potential to creation, evil is not substantial and the determination of its pseudo-existence — is the negation of good and corruption.
Western man has repeatedly protested against the de-sacralization and de-Christianization of its nature, against what Schiller called Entgottung — obezbozhivaniem. This was the essence of the periodic bursts of romanticism in European culture. While the real Cyrano de Bergerac has contributed so materialistic degeneration, do not cry swan was heard from the lips of Rostand Cyrano, who appealed in vain to the characters Zola about the eternal desire of the human soul to the ideal of beauty is God-given … But the world may not be reflected in the human mind. repudiating the Creator, is the proud consciousness gives rise to a "Black Square" by Malevich, the "Manifesto of the Communist Party," the liberal aesthetics.
All this leads to the conclusion that the high human spirit has been developed in the West in the first millennium of Christianity, the ad is now contemptuous liberals as a "dark age» — «Dark Age». All that Christianity and the West, as part of the Christian world, have enriched humanity — devotion to truth, love, honor, duty, family, nation, state, country, culture, filled with never seen before content — was not achieved Promethean arrogance. Blood Sweat and Tears Assizkogo Francis St. Augustine — that forged in the discipline of a high spirit, who was able to high cultural creativity. Promethean individual struck this spirit and pride after the revival inevitably followed by degeneration of the very common world of human values.
Modern liberal credo now includes the thesis that the world is not such values that make life worth dying. But it is undermining the foundations of the Christian culture. And in the West and in the East for the martyrs, for all those who died for their country, duty, honor, love inspiring way was the Savior's redeeming sacrifice of the Cross, the primacy of the spirit over the flesh.
Positivist probably skeptical about the the fact that in Christian eschatology and philosophy of history is the company predicted. The idea of "one world" infringes on God's design for a diverse world, where the path to the truth of Christ is paving its own, not someone else's spiritual experience. This destructive project destroys all of civilization — the experience of the creative act of "peoples that were gifts of the Holy Spirit, and put them in his own way" (Ivan Ilyin). The result is disastrous vsesmeshenie on the basis of non-religious cultures, peoples and nations — their impersonal solution. Can experiment «solve-coagula» — «dissolve and thicken" finally moved to the present case after the exercise in flasks of alchemists? But according to Revelation it is from this chaos in the world and will be the prince of darkness. The purpose of modern liberalism — to rise above the "relative" truth — the middle of a spiritual, lukewarm — defined in the Apocalypse as a symptom of the kingdom of the beast, the manifestation of the essence of Satan: "I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot! But because thou art lukewarm, and neither hot nor cold, I will spew thee out of my mouth. " (Rev. 3, 15-16).
When sovladychestva over the world for the sake of Europe now proclaims through its Atlantic elder one "post-Christian society", Europe will have retracts from itself, from its own glorious past and its gigantic culture. Her heroic, ideal, romance and a feat even the Cartesian doubt, the very "disastrous folly of freedom" — it was all set with the Christian spirit. Liberalism with its good intentions only paved the way to the "Decline of the West" to the Spengler «Untergang des Abendlandes». But at this stage in history substitution of the Holy Roman Empire in the Pax Americana — was imminent eschatological — it is better moneylender and his earthly success. Great card for the kingdom of men.
The End of History, Francis Fukuyama declared indeed coming to the West, not only to communism. The American philosopher, perhaps inadvertently revealed the inner emptiness of liberalism that does not have an internal impulse to continue the history of the world is the rivalry with his "cousin debility" (Dragos Kalaich) — communism.
The lost sense of the historical existence for Russia and for Europe can be found only in the way of a new interpretation of universal history as the rivalry between the two ideas — the search for the Kingdom of God and building the kingdom of man, in which the throne will not appear empty.
Features and manifestations of this world is too obvious — "civil society" of some «Homo globalis» — individuals who have lost their connection to the higher values of faith, nation, family, and living the ideal of «ubi bene ibi patria» — «Where are good there and fatherland" — that is, "by bread alone". This is not the nation, and selfish crowd — ohlos. But for the blind and complacent ochlocraty always hiding oligarchy. This inevitable destiny of the demos and the perversion of his racy were even described by Aristotle and Polybius twenty three centuries ago. Type this is an excellent tycoon Jacques Attali. This high-level global lender does not hide that is not less than a high-philosopher and architect of the future. Today, he is savoring and unabashedly Christian West has once their very real dystopia "Kingdom Bank» («Lignes d'horizon», 1979).
Only nation that has not lost gifts of the Holy Spirit, may as a metaphysical Rome to resist evil. Such nations have had a great history. They were not simple numerical weight. Genuine nation — is successively living entity linked spirit world view, common notions of good and evil, common historical experiences. They make up one world as the harmony and unity of the manifold, where each individual and national experience, even negative for the realization of the truth of Christ is of world-historical significance, where a free choice between good and evil will determine the outcome.
Our future is fundamentally depends not so much on the successful economic reforms and successful international agreements. Russia is very edifying example: neither the vast territory, nor impressive economy, or even nuclear weapons do not rescue from decay and humiliation. For matter without the spirit is not making history.
As for the once-majestic Europe, its role today is the best symbol of the ambiguous grimace of Javier Solana, the smile with which the jackal Tobacco from "The Jungle Book" R. Kipling notifies people about the arrogant, angry and rude to the will of his master — Sher Khan, violates the laws This is the … Pax Americana, not only replace the Holy Roman Empire and Moscow — III Rome, but all the materialistic universalist mirages earthly paradise without God — "the universal brotherhood of labor," "common European home", "One World". It is no coincidence Javier Solana, having stayed camarada, has not returned to the lord, and becomes Mister Solana.
Cooperation between Russia and Europe can really give both a powerful and much-needed boost on the eve of 2001 with the birth of Christ. But it does not give Europe a humiliating examination Russia to the West European liberalism, and the fruitful and constructive cooperation and connected conscious spiritual efforts of all ethnic, religious and cultural components in Europe: Romance, Germanic and Slavic, Europe, Latin and Orthodox Europe. Now is the time to fully grasp the significance of Russian Orthodox outpost for the entire Christian world as a whole in the face of not only the geopolitical and demographic, but also spiritual challenges of the coming century.
After the fall of Constantinople, the Lord delivered from the Russian Mongol and Russia tried to keep metaphysical Rome. At this historic time, Spain successfully completes the Reconquista and also considers itself Rome. (On the lips of Tirso de Molina them becomes Toledo — "imperial city, and the Second Rome"). Maybe it was the Lord had His Grace the Christian world from the Atlantic to the Urals, giving him the opportunity to European house — his home … And is not «libido dominandi» — «lust of dominion", which warned in eschatological tones and a great European — St. Augustine, and Elder Filofei — seduced us differently because of our different weaknesses and led us all to the same tragic outcome …
Europe needs Christian renewal and new Reconquista!
V Congress «Cultura Europea»
October. 1998, Pamplona, Spain