Columnist for "The Guardian" Seamus Milne believes that the first news about the end of the so-called New World Order came in 2008. "In August, — writes the progressive British journalist — U.S. customer was crushed Georgia in a brief but bloody war, after its army was attacked by Russian troops in the disputed territory of South Ossetia."
The fighting ended, and George W. Bush warned Russia: do not, they say, to recognize South Ossetia. But Russia has recognized.
Here the author sees the first turning point of the geopolitical level. Russia and the independent decision was made against the background of the undermined America's military dominance (what is at stake, it is clear: Iraq and Afghanistan). "After two decades, during which the United States hung over the world like a colossus — says Milne, — the years of unchallenged U.S. authorities have been completed."
The second event, which marked him coming change of the world order, dated September 15. On this day, the whole shaken the U.S. financial system: the crash of the fourth largest investment bank «Lehman Brothers». Milne finds that the Western world was facing the deepest, if you count from the 1930's, the economic crisis.
World, led by the United States, "proclaimed" George Bush Sr. in 1990, the slave capitalist western and almost rid of socialism, suddenly cracked. (Fukuyama sat down to write his idealistic book "The End of History", add, which predicted that human history ends with an American-style democracy — because then there is no place to go, all the countries of the world, one by one, democratized).
"But between the attacks on the Twin Towers and the collapse« Lehman », — writes S. Milne — this world order collapsed. Two factors were decisive. By the end of the decade long wars the U.S. have succeeded in finding the limits rather than the degree of influence of the armed forces. And the neo-liberal capitalist model that prevailed for a generation, creaked at the seams. " And just the U.S. reaction to the attacks of 9/11 and broke the feeling of invincibility of the first "global empire" in the world.
The journalist writes: "Wildly overpriced response of the Bush administration turned the attacks on New York and Washington in the most successful terrorist attack in history." "The global behemoth" has been unable to impose its will or Iraq or Afghanistan. Both invasions were the undisputed strategic defeat for the United States.
As for the economy, "the model voracious capitalism", implemented by corporations "by increasing inequality and environmental degradation," too, was discredited. Saved her from collapsing massive government intervention.
And the strategic and economic collapse has accelerated the rapid rise of China. His analyst refers to the third epoch-making change.
The growth of China was the fourth global change — comes from Latin America. "Across the continent — writes British journalist — to the power of advanced socialist and social-democratic governments, which were aimed at economic and racial injustice, the creation of regional independence and the return of resources from corporate hands. Two decades after we were assured that the neo-liberal capitalism can not be alternatives, Latin Americans were able to create them. "
Ideology is not created in a vacuum. Being determines consciousness. All system alternative to the Soviet tetchersko-Reagan neo-liberalism grew out of specific historical circumstances, says the author of the article. And now, because of the crisis of neo-liberal order, the need for the reconstruction of the economy in a more democratic, egalitarian and rational direction. It is here that the journalist sees the form of the new viable alternative.
Brad Franklin, a resident of Vancouver, in the past, political reporter, broadcaster and Canada's federal public servant and now a permanent observer of the resource China.org.cn, American ideology suggests that a new form of peaceful and mutually beneficial existence of states to which got in his article, comrade Milne. (Actually, Milne rights — a form that is historically determined. Another thing is that America continues to wear thinner clothes fat …)
Despite the economic downturn, the journalist writes, the U.S. can still claim to be the richest and most powerful country of the world. However, attention is now focused on all the way it will go on — after the global economy recovers. Many Americans believe that everything goes the way it was before: America will again be a world leader, and the new "global character" that is, China will be forced back somewhere below the second place.
But those who know how to think, see, that in the world there is a new order. If and will ride on the roads, "Fords" and "Chevrolet", as in China. The bottom line is this, and, more precisely, in international cooperation.
If the first classics of geopolitics and the global economy was the attitude of the parties on the principle of "I win, you lose" (which, incidentally, was distributed primarily among Americans), now is a "game" — not the best way to move forward, the more if one person started to resist all the other players.
Singapore analyst Simon Tay, who is referred to Franklin, believes that instead of stiff competition the U.S. and China (and other Asian countries) should go to the partnership. They should allow the relationship of their economies. He postulates that, in this scenario, each of the former superpower plays the role of a regional leader, but at the same time establishes a new balance in which America belongs to Asia just as a partner, not as a competitor, you want to win in the market. Simon Tay claims that, acting together, the state may be stronger than they would be acting separately. In addition, the strategic partnership would lead them to a win-win situation in the world.
However, if there is political will at the superpowers, ready to accept a new version of the historical development? Franklin, a political observer who worked for many years, doubts that the U.S. government is ready to admit it. Yes, and "adventure" in Iraq and Afghanistan, unfortunately, reflect the American position, according to which other countries are expected to behave in accordance with "American values."
As for China, it pays more attention to solve their own internal problems and prefers not to interfere in the affairs of sovereign states.
Therefore, the reporter suggests that the idea of cooperation and partnership is much easier would have been perceived in China than in America. However, Franklin notes, "In the end, America can not have much choice in the matter." Economic and geopolitical relations, when everyone on the planet are subject to someone at No. 1 ended, the author writes. Let's hope that instead of a unipolar world will Partnership, concludes the journalist.
From the Western journalism did not escape the fact, that as long as the power of America is still trying to implement the doctrine of "global government," Russian President Vladimir Putin presented a vision of the world, which runs counter to the so-called "new world order".
Eurasian project set out a year ago in an article of the Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin "The new integration project for Eurasia: The future in the building" ("News" from the 3rd October 2011) — and at the same time a threat to the "new world order" and an alternative to it.
The reaction of the Western media to the integration project was unanimously negative. Allergy West to Putin's plan is understandable, but the Eurasian integration project grew out of the post-Soviet geopolitical and cultural space, and in tune with current global trends.
The fact is, the journalist said that most of humanity is aware of "new world order" — a demonic force. After all, this is the way for the unification and despotism on a planetary scale.
Putin's hostility to the "new world order", led by the U.S. — that's the main reason why Russia is considered to be dangerous to the financial "masters of the world." Meanwhile, the author, a political salvation through global governance — is absurd nightmare …
Thus, If the U.S. is still perceived worldwide as supporters of the "old" sample "new world order" that China and Russia take into account the latest trends in the modern world, and aspire to a partnership, not hegemony across the globe. Today, when the crisis dopekayut so-called developed countries, the world needs is not stale goods under the name of "American values" and the need saving medicine in the form of mutually beneficial cooperation.
Surveyed and translated Oleg Chuvakin