Why the UN returned to the Belarusian issue?

3rd Committee of the United Nations adopted a resolution condemning Belarus for human rights violations. Why is there such a document? What will be the consequences mentioned resolution?
Why has there resolution?
Valery Karbalevich: "The United Nations once again draw attention to the situation of human rights and democracy in Belarus. 3rd Committee of the UN adopted a resolution on Belarus, which criticized the policy of the Belarusian authorities in this field. Documents were adopted on the initiative of 32 Western countries.
Why the UN reiterated its request to the Belarusian issue? As they say municipal Belarusian media in globally a lot more dramatic problems and stability in Belarus. But the adopted resolution on Belarus. "
Vladimir Shcherbov: "United Nations Member States are free in the open a discussion of the General Assembly any questions. Third, by adopting a resolution condemning Belarus for human rights violations, considering the social and humanitarian issues.
Within the framework of the UN human rights situation is discussed is not the first year. Human Rights Commission of perceived resolution on Belarus in 2003, 2004 and 2005. In 2006 wasand adopted by UN General Assembly resolution.
This is in a sense a consolidated decision of the international community — although half of the States or abstained or did not participate in the vote.
General Assembly — one of the main UN bodies. And his decision above decision of the UN Council on Human Rights. This latter body — new for the UN. He began to work differently than previously operated Commission of Human Rights.
After all, when the previously adopted resolutions on the human rights situation in a country, the latter read about double standards, wondering why other countries do not take similar resolutions.
Therefore this year UN Council on Human Rights decided that there will be universal iterative review of all states on the implementation of human rights obligations. Question by Belarus plans to see in 2010. "
Ales Lahvinets: "What Belarus, as a member of international human rights treaties, remains the focus of the international community, there is a very positive factor. Permanent adoption of resolutions on Belarus indicates enthusiasm UN members to the situation in our country.
Today’s draft resolution differs from that adopted in the past year, more than labels and advanced formulations. Namely stating, that Belarus is forthcoming erosion of the democratic process. There is a requirement to release all political prisoners and end the repression. The text of the resolution we are talking about the International Council of the Commission on the organization of labor union rights.
Also refers to the need to exercise their right to freedom of religion or belief, which is now a very vital matter. "
What consequences will this resolution?
Karbalevich: "Structures of the UN for the first time adopted resolutions on democracy and human rights in Belarus. But the situation has not changed. And newcomer resolution. Either effective such documents? What consequences will this resolution?"
Shcherbov: "Only one body of the UN — Security Council — authorized to take decisions which are of mandatory to perform all countries.
A decision of the General Assembly are recommendatory in nature. But the emphasis is on getting the country cooperated with the UN. No specific effects can not be. Obviously, the main thing — the desire to make the most of the country councils. "
Karbalevich: "In the near future the Belarusian officials and municipal media pay much attention to the work of the Nonaligned Movement in Belarus, Belarus practically called that one of the favorites of the movement say it is the most influential organization in the world.
And here are the results of voting on the resolution: for — 68 countries, against — 32, 76 countries abstained. So why Aligned Movement, of which there are almost 20 100 is not supported by Belarus? "
Lahvinets: "Since it is very motley organization uniting countries with different interests. Voting on Belarusian resolution indicates that the declaration of Belarusian officials about great progress in the cooperation between the countries of the NAM does not correspond to reality."
Shcherbov "192 UN member states in 6 committees develop resolutions that will be submitted in December for a plenary meeting of the General Assembly. And it may adopt a resolution as through voting, and without it."

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