Additional vaccinations

Additional vaccinations.  Photo from www.sciencephoto.com

In addition to mandatory vaccinations included in the calendar, there are additional vaccinations that are based on epidemiological indications (in epidemic areas, dangerous infections, seasonal diseases). If necessary, you can be vaccinated against tularemia, plague, brucellosis, anthrax, rabies, leptospirosis, tick-borne encephalitis, yellow fever, typhoid, meningococcal and pneumococcal disease, hepatitis A, influenza, herpes, etc.

Children whose parents are planning to give to a garden, recommend vaccination against hepatitis A and meningitis. Vaccines Hepatitis Aapplied with age 1-2 years — depending on the manufacturer. Vaccination against hepatitis A is recommended:

  • children, visiting or preparing to attend kindergarten or school — because of the large number of outbreaks of infection in these children ucherzhdeniyah and disrespect of the rules of hygiene;
  • regularly traveling to seaside resorts and in endemic countries — the Black Sea, Turkey, Egypt, Spain, India, all the countries of Africa, resorts Central Asia and the Middle East;
  • Employee sewer services;
  • employees of retail and food
  • the military;
  • persons with chronic liver disease — hepatitis A because these patients malignant flows at high risk of complications and exacerbation of underlying disease
  • persons who are considered surrounded the case of hepatitis A (emergency prevention)

Since18-month-old age can be vaccinated against serogroups A and C, most often are the cause of epidemic meningitis. Vaccination is recommended in those cases where the region of residence recorded incidence of meningococcal infetsiey, before traveling to disadvantaged regions by meningococcal infection and traveling. Students are subject to mandatory vaccination, if the school 2 or more cases of meningococcal infection; pilgrims traveling to the Hajj and tourists going to the countries of so-called meningitis belt of Africa. For vaccination requires only one dose of vaccine. Duration of immunity is 3-5 years.

Vaccination against Haemophilus influenzae (Haemophilus influenzae B), for example a vaccine Act-HIB,recommended by the Ministry of Health, but the calendar is not included. This vaccination is necessary for the prevention of acute respiratory infections (ARI, bronchitis, pneumonia) in children younger than 5 years old, especially attending or preparing to attend children's groups (nurseries and kindergartens) — according to Russian studies. The main purpose of this vaccine — protection against the most severe forms Hib infection— Meningitis and pneumonia, which pose the greatest threat to infants aged 6-12 months. It makes the child since 2 months. Also recommended to have the vaccine before the trip to Africa.

VaccineFlu before the start of the epidemic is desirable to do everything. Children can be vaccinated from 6 months.

Vaccinationsvaricella in Russia do not do as well in the USA and Japan they are prescribed to children with weakened immune systems.

Vaccinated againstYellow Fever made in areas where the disease occurs: Africa and Latin America. Aboriginal children should be vaccinated starting at 6 months. Children tourists — from 1 year.

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