Dysentery (Shigellosis)

Dysentery (Shigellosis).

What is it?

Dysentery — an infectious intestinal disease. It occurs all over the world by people of all ages, but is particularly widespread in the hot season.

The causative agent of the disease — bacterium of the genus Shigella (Shigella). There are 4 types of Shigella, pathogenic to humans, and many subspecies. They are distinguished by their ability to cause disease, geographical distribution, etc.

The source of infection is the patient man. Infection of dysentery occurs under conditions of poor personal hygiene. Dysentery— Is disease dirty hands. However, you can get sick by drinking contaminated water and washed her fruit or vegetables, and a lack of thermally processed foods.

What's going on?

The incubation period of the disease — from several hours to2-3 days.

Exciter disease causes inflammation of the wall of the colon. The main symptom of dysentery — not very abundant loose stools aremulti-yellowenogo color with mucus, pus, blood, and false urge to defecate, so-called tenesmus . In addition, the patient is deteriorating overall health: nausea, vomiting, decreased appetite, suffer from headaches. With the development of the disease is possible dehydration.

Diagnosis and treatment

The diagnosis of dysentery put infectious disease on the totality of symptoms. Additionally appointed research that would clarify the pathogen and antibiotic use directional — Fecal culture.

Treatment Dysentery is carried out in a hospital. In the treatment of dysentery doctor solves two problems — povertymicrobe-agent diseases (antibiotics are used), and compensation of fluid loss — drinking plenty of fluids and intravenous infusion of specific solutions.

With good resistance to disease clears for7-10 days, but sometimes it can get and in waves (often happens with people who are not fully carried out the treatment prescribed by a doctor, which threatens the emergence of the chronic form of the disease).

In the course of the disease should be carefully monitored possible complications of dehydration and perforation (rupture) of the intestine. Perforation requires immediate surgical intervention.

Immunity had been ill unstable, possible recurrence of infection.

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