Tomsk scientists have created a unique flying laboratory Optic based on the TU-134

  • Aircraft Laboratory "Optic" on the basis of the TU-134
  • Aircraft Laboratory "Optic" on the basis of the TU-134

April 28, 2012

In just two months the staff The Institute of Atmospheric Optics. V.E.Zueva SB RAS (Tomsk) and Institute of Chemical Kinetics and Combustion together with the Siberian Scientific Research Institute of Aviation them. SA Chaplygin, and with SRC "Vector", managed to produce a unique aircraft-laboratory "Optic" based on the Tu-134. With this pilot study is already underway, and plans of scientists — the further development of the instrument base. Tells about the curator of works — deputy director of IAO SB RAS, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Boris Belan Denisovich.

— Analogues in Russia it is not, — Boris Belan starts — it's included in the list of unique facilities of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, and in its basic characteristics corresponds to the best foreign copy in the United States.

— What devices equipped aircraft?

— Meteokompleks, aerosol (photoelectric counter diffusion battery, turbidity meter with means of heat and gigrooptiki, filtroustanovka), gas analysis, spectro-radiometric and navigation systems, thermal imager, on-board recording system, lidar "Mackerel-2."

— What can be studied using a laboratory air?

— Well, for example, to carry out remote sensing of the atmosphere: the gases, particulate matter (aerosols), optically dense formations, such as clouds, industrial pollution, food accidents. Water: to determine the size and thickness of the film on it, the wave height, mapping turbidity meter 30 upper layer, revealing it hydrosol chlorophyll, fish and so forth. You can use the "Optic" for the study of forest — the height and number of trees, see the presence and spread of fires.


In April 2012, the Academician Georgy Golitsyn (Institute of Atmospheric Physics. A. M.Obuhova Academy of Sciences, Moscow) to the Chairman of the SB RAS Academician Aleksandr Leonidovich Aseyev letter in which he not only expressed his gratitude for the allocation of funds to continue the program flying laboratory work, but also paid tribute to the "done in such a short time staff of SB RAS complex organizational and technological work." "Make it two months in a new plane-lab — it's unbelievable," — writes G.S.Golitsyn. "I think that in the resumed recently interest in the Arctic region, Russian Academy of Sciences received a tool capable of in the first step to solve the problem of regular monitoring of its environment", — concludes an academician, expressing the hope that this unique opportunity will be in full As used.

— All this applies to the practical human activity, not only for scientific research, is not it?

— Yes, of course. This is, first and foremost, environmental industry: we are able to assess the quality of the air pollution and land surface, including water. The Ministry of Emergency Situations might be interested in the control of the consequences of natural disasters, accidental shooting of objects, the definition and scope of accidental releases. Again, agriculture and forestry, and even fisheries: Fishers guidance on schools of fish, identifying areas of plankton. For the oil and gas industry would benefit from control of the state fields, as well as leaks. Housing and communal services might be useful thermal imaging survey areas, the measurement of the level of air pollution, the forecast distribution of impurities, recommendations on corporate location. Unfortunately Airborne laboratory quite in demand by domestic consumers. Over the past 10 years can recall only 3 works executed on the orders of Russian organizations: tracking the remaining fuel in the third stage of the rocket "Proton" when it falls in the Teles lake, a comprehensive assessment of the air Norilsk industrial region and probing the composition of air resort Black Sea coast Russia.

  • Items of equipment
  • Items of equipment

— Wait, you said — for 10 years, and the plane was equipped in the past year?

— Yes, we conduct research, starting in July of 1997 — when the laboratory was equipped aircraft on the basis of "An-30".

— Who is funding the work, and by the way, who financed the transition from the old aircraft on the "Tu-134"?

— We have a number of international programs and agreements. Payment of all costs for the operation of the aircraft is at the expense of foreign partners, however, the transition was carried out on a one-time allocation of funds from the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (1.7 million), which for many years supported forwarding costs for our employees, which allowed the difficult years to save highly composition flight expedition, and now provide inflow of young specialists.

— Could you tell us more about the research in the framework of international cooperation?

— Well, for example, by agreement between the National Institute for Environmental Studies (Japan) and the Institute of Atmospheric Optics, we are working on the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program to study the vertical distribution of greenhouse gas emissions over the south of Western Siberia. In 2003, the signed Agreement on establishment of the Russian-French European Research Association for the study of carbon and ozone cycle in Eurasia. In 2011 it was transformed into a treaty establishing an International associate laboratory "scale aerological Siberia Yak-AEROSIB." For this project, performed spatial research greenhouse gases and oxidizing atmosphere from Novosibirsk to Yakutsk.

— And how could such a short time to equip the plane?

— After the bankruptcy of the Novosibirsk airline with whom we have worked from 1975 to 2010, the question arose: who and what kind of car to continue to work? After all, accumulated unique databases since 1981. We contacted all the neighboring airlines in search of any car the An-24, An-26, Yak-40. It turned out that in order to install your equipment for civil aircraft only on the technical documentation, not even for the manufacture of "iron", it takes between 16 and 25 million. Given the economic situation — it was just unreal. Then we suggested that there SibNIA. In late January of 2011, we held the first contacts. We were lucky: SibNIA, by virtue of their status may independently agree on most of the technical documentation. The staff of the Institute developed documents, in particular, on the air intakes, the most difficult part of the work on sealed machines, and helped them to make. Was involved in the production and pilot plant SB RAS. At the end of March, we have made the first flight and then completed the entire Japanese program.

  • View from inside the plane
  • View from inside the plane

— In any organization, "Optic" on the balance sheet is based and where?

— Aircraft owned SibNIA and scientific equipment — the
Institute of Atmospheric Optics. VE Zuev Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Chemical Kinetics and Combustion,
Research Center "Vector". He is based at the airport of the Novosibirsk Aircraft Plant. VPChkalov

— Will further improve and develop the instrument base on board?

— Required. This year will be the most accurate set for today analyzer carbon dioxide, methane and water vapor. Next year plan to install mikrolidara CIMMEL and if we can acquire a mass spectrometer and a spectrophotometer.

Catherine Pustolyakova
Photo courtesy of B. Belan.

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