In this disease a lot of names. In the days of the Holy Inquisition called her obsession with evil spirits in the Renaissance — melancholy, in the XIX century — hypochondria, in the past, XX century — the "acute reaction to stress." Modern doctors diagnose more accurately and it reads: "Depression."
What kind of attack, as it is to recognize and overcome says Yuri V. Shevchuk, a doctor of the highest category of the Scandinavian Medical Center.
-Yuri V., in our difficult time, everyone more or less susceptible to stress, and the inhabitants of the metropolis — more than any other. How to distinguish the stress of depression? In general, there is a difference between these two concepts?
Certainly. Stress — a normal reaction to adverse external circumstances. Agree illogical to have fun, if, for example, in a family matter. Stress has to be experienced, in a healthy person it will together with unfavorable period of life, but some may develop depression, but this is a disease — an affective state in which a person for no apparent reason (!) Feels heavy, painful emotions and feelings (depression, anguish, despair). Vitality is sharply reduced, are typical thoughts about responsibility for unpleasant decisions or severe events in his life and the lives of his loved ones.
Depression is always in need of treatment, even a slight degree, which, as many believe, "she will." It is a disease and, unfortunately, she herself does not go — there need expert help. A person with severe depression often need hospitalization because of complex treatment needs to be carried out under the supervision of qualified personnel. Such treatment includes medication, special diet (some products may conflict with anti-depressants and tranquilizers).
— It may seem that all of us, especially in the spring should be treated …
You are wrong. People unfamiliar with psychiatry, too broadly use the term "depression", referring to his bad mood, discomfort of fatigue, exhaustion, or to the period of the spring hypovitaminosis. But unlike the temporary fall of tone due to external circumstances, which is characteristic of healthy people, depression — a painful condition stable, lasting and after the reasons were the impetus for its development.
— So what's the reason?
And here are the reasons just know everything — it's chronic fatigue suffered by grief, love trauma, and even in old age and past infectious diseases such as influenza. Plus the excessive and uncontrolled use of alcohol, sedatives, ie drugs that affect the central nervous system, smoking.
— Where "grow legs" from this disease?
Most often from childhood. Often, parents 'educational purposes' frighten children that "Uncle policeman", the "gray wolf". And so, without even realizing, cause enormous damage to the psyche of their own child. After all, kids are susceptible threat to take at face value and start early childhood stress, one of the indicators which — enuresis.
In addition, depression can cause what we see on television every day — scenes of violence, thrillers, blood, and modern literature and information in print media can sometimes scare the order.
-What are the dangers of depression?
The patient is unable to perform mental work. Guilt over the events of the past and a sense of helplessness in the face of life's difficulties are inherent in the disease, combined with a sense of hopelessness. Self-evaluation of human sharply reduced. Time passes excruciatingly slowly. A person becomes a passive, withdrawn, tired quickly. The patient is deeply vulnerable and even minor reasons can cause the deterioration of his condition. Appear unmotivated fears and anxieties. And in severe and prolonged depression, the patient begins to think about suicide.
— Can a person determine for himself what happened to him — stress or depression?
Sorry — no. Self-diagnosis is possible, but dangerous, as the man himself may underestimate the severity of the condition. If you feel that the blues is delayed, try to help yourself. Avoid being alone, possibly longer communicate with people. Follow a balanced diet, get active, deliver joy myself — go to the movies, take a walk in the park. And do not try to "drown sorrow in wine" — is a deceptive way: alcoholism often masquerades as depression. However, if you feel that these measures do not help, be sure to consult a specialist. Perhaps serious treatment is not required, but your doctor will refer you to learn to control their emotions and actions, and to confront the difficulties, understand their own feelings and to separate the important from the unimportant. In some cases, prescribe medication to help cope with depression.
-Who are more prone to depression — women or men?
Statistics of American researchers of this problem shows that women have the risk of falling into depression twice as high as that of men. This is due to the female body as a whole, particularly in the female hormones that make the fair sex emotional.
-Tell me, depression is treatable? Or a course of treatment can only "alleviate the suffering?"
Fortunately — yes. But I repeat — self dangerous, perhaps even more dangerous than inaction.