Intercontinental prospects

Intercontinental prospects
Arsenal of Strategic Rocket Forces mission absolutely upgraded 2020

In March, markedly increased the intensity of test launches of intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) from the landfill, «Kapustin Yar» in Astrakhan region. First of them took place on March 4 and, as stated by the Ministry of Defense official dealer for the Strategic Missile Forces, Colonel Igor Yegorov purpose, his goal was to test promising warheads mounted on an old rocket actually RS-12M «Topol». Training warhead ICBMs given accuracy struck conditional goal at the site «Sary-Shagan» (Republic of Kazakhstan). This month is scheduled to perform two similar run on the same program there. True, the bearer of a new combat equipment, according to the «IEE» must become more modern standards of rockets.

RS-12M «Topol» was developed and adopted for use in another Russian Union. 1st Regiment, staffed these mobile missile system (PGRK), has taken up duty in July 1985 near the town of Yoshkar-Ola. Because now itself for itself launch such missiles is obviously not a little enthusiasm. But this time on the «Topol» passed run-unique equipment that will be installed on all the latest missile systems — «yars», «Border», «Mace», «Sarmatian».
According to Colonel Egorova, «Kapustin Yar» has unique tracks and measuring complex polygon that allow testing of ICBM warheads, capable to overcome missile defense system, including promising configuration across the entire spectrum of possible criterion of delivery to targets. In this case in detail, you can track down an ICBM flight both land and sea-based. Passing refinement equipment should make Russian ICBM virtually invulnerable to all even only developed missile defense systems.
Noteworthy that a week before the first test run was accomplished in Moscow meeting of leading Russian professionals in the field of nuclear missiles with journalists. Topic of the meeting was designated as follows: «Prospects for the striking force of Strategic Missile Forces mission (RVSN) in the light of new challenges and threats to Russia’s security.» Smooth communication organized a series of meetings with the planned test launches were yavna.

Ukrainian burdening

In today’s context, talking about the prospects of the Strategic Missile Force simply could not ignore the crisis in Ukraine. In fact, with this issue and started a discussion. After languishing liquid missile RS-20 «Governor» (in Western systematization «Satan») developed in time Russian design bureau in Ukraine «South» and serially performed at the factory Pivdenmash (Dnepropetrovsk). They have so far constitute a significant portion of heavy silo-based ICBMs in the Russian Armed Forces. They did not once have extended the warranty service. It became possible thanks to the author’s support, routine maintenance and ensure missiles Ukrainian producers.
«We have an intergovernmental agreement on this bill — said the former Chief of Staff of the Head of Strategic Missile Forces, Colonel-General Viktor Esin. — This is a solid benefit for Ukrainian companies and in the main it is funded, which pays Our homeland for providing warranty surveillance missile complex «Governor.» Economic ties are valuable, no matter who comes to power in Ukraine. And I do not foresee that an intergovernmental agreement will be denounced. «
Esin confident that recent dramatic action in Ukraine should not complicate service Dnepropetrovsk spices RS-20 missiles coming to Russia for its own work. Such an assessment of the situation and expressed other military specialists who nedavneshnem last occupied the highest positions of command specifically SRF. Meanwhile Esin still gave a hypothetical explanation to the case, if the agreement is terminated suddenly. Then Russian cooperation that is developing a liquid-propellant rockets, capable of assuming supervisory software warranty: «Yes, there will be difficulties, because the documentation is in Ukraine, but still, this task is solved.»

A general standing at the moment in the mines «Governors» will be a couple of years at one hundred percent change with new missiles of the same class, said member-correspondent of Russian Academy of Missile and Artillery Sciences, past head of the 4th Central Research Institute of the Defense Ministry, Major-General Vladimir Vasilenko.

«Military necessity creation of the heavy liquid ICBM justified the need to counter the deployment of a global missile defense, in other words — containment of missile defense. Why? Specifically languid silo-based ICBMs gives an opportunity not only to deliver the warheads to targets on energy trajectories good hard azimuths of approach warheads to targets as follows predictable azimuths of approach, and deliver warheads and strikes from different directions, including postage blocks South Pole «- said Vasilenko. According to him, such a property heaviest ICBM — multidirectional azimuths of approach to the goal — forcing the opposing side to provide radial BMD. «But it is much more difficult in the organization, especially in finance, defense than pie. This is a very strong factor «- saw Major-General.
Experts recalled that the Strategic Missile Command expects ending to 2018-2020 years development work on the «Sarmatian» associated with the development of the heavy liquid newest intercontinental ballistic missile. It changes standing on alert ICBM RS-20V «Governor» of the deepwell 2-missile divisions. By the term generally scheduled for one hundred percent upgrade nuclear arsenal of the country. Well, in addition, will allow the newcomer rocket RVSN decide «not very traditional» tasks, namely hit targets ordinary, non-nuclear warheads. Work on a similar program there were in the U.S. in the near future subject of enormous speculation.

Simultaneous settlement of the nuclear potential of Russia postponed
Own eyes on the concept of so-called preemptive instant global strike expressed member of the Academy of Military Sciences, Chief Scientific Officer of the Military Academy of Strategic Missile Forces named after Peter Lofty Lt. Gen. Vasily Lata. After another six months reversed a number of American military professionals arrogantly claimed that their strategic missiles with non-nuclear warheads can kill within hours 80-90% of the Russian nuclear arsenal. Lata confirmed: yes, in the long term the U.S. plans to equip its non-nuclear warhead ICBMs (MS). The same solution will certainly be in our SRF. But …

«The problem is that before you apply frisky disarming strike and hit silos non-nuclear warhead, for sure, the enemy loaf, where it leads — reasoned Lieutenant General. — Application of high-precision weapons, even in the non-nuclear warheads on our silo installations will still be a provocation retaliatory nuclear strike. I believe, had never come to that, as a possible opponent is aware that at least some first impact on the system’s strategic nuclear forces will mean the beginning of a nuclear war. Because at the theoretical level, this problem is, but actually, I think, nothing such will happen. «

But even Viktor Esin added: «Before the next decade with no intercontinental means commonplace equipment from the Yankees will not. Because the reaction should be adaptive threat. » Our homeland has the means to protect objects deterrent against attack precision instrument can be realized and new developments in this direction. According to Esin, everything will depend on how Americans will develop their offensive system. In the meantime, the U.S. Congress has blocked funding for equipping ICBMs and submarine launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs) ​​warheads with nonnuclear. Very expensive programm. «Americans are obliged to find another solution. Because state that such an instrument has already appeared — is wrong, «- identified by Colonel-General.

More discussions, if practical cases, it is necessary to develop and hypersonic weapons capable at times to accelerate the delivery of nuclear warheads to targets. «While no long-range hypersonic weapon no one in the world no. Carried out development work in this direction, — said Viktor Esin. — All the tests that were conducted Yankees us in China, ended in failure. » Many technological and technical impediments to the creation of such tools. According to the views of a professional before beginning the next decade, its appearance is unreal. But the deployment of such weapons is postponed to a distant time.
Maj. Gen. Vasilenko said about emerging difficulties in the development of hypersonic missiles: «Talking about the danger for objects from the RVSN hypersonic weapons, need to be reminded of the tremendous technical dilemma that has not been solved, and maybe never will be solved. Hypersound — it Mach 5 (5 speed of sound. — «IEE») and above. Currently missiles fly at a speed of 2-2.5 M. The problem of flight at hypersonic speeds — a huge plasma formation. And there is the problem of the connection between this unit hypersonic sources of information. After the defeat of precision implies corrections or outside, or homing. So, here’s the criteria of such colossal plasma formations inevitably approaching the target will have to extinguish this speed and approaching the target this hypersonic missile will have a combat speed at 1.5-2 M. In another seeker just will not work. And this is not a problem to intercept the warhead flying with the usual speed. «

The secret of invulnerability
Why, then, in our country confidently say that without our hypersonic ICBMs actually invulnerable to missile defense? And here is where we need to go back just for those tests warheads, which were discussed first article. That is such equipment, a columnist for «NVO» asked to tell Major General Vladimir Vasilenko. Explaining that for reasons of secrecy theme in the technical details, he can not go, the general still gave explanations on the main features of such equipment.
«With the deployment of a global missile defense system in the U.S., and even earlier in step applets SOI naturally Russian and later the Russian side had to constantly work to overcome the problem of missile defense — said Vasilenko. — First main direction to overcome missile defense — is the creation of specialized systems to counter missile defense. These are complexes that allow us to make ineffective any known (and promising) system for intercepting warheads in trans-atmospheric flight phases and atmospheric reentry. In areas likely to detect and intercept warheads created by the repeated increase in the number of possible targets for informational and strike weapons defense. Obviously, the vast number of targets are incorrect or masking formations. For missile defense is not action at once. The main objective in the midst of a huge number of infidels must be found to accompany, so to understand and predict its line of flight movements (and in fact it flies at a speed of about 7 km / sec). And we need to predict the point of meeting time to launch interceptor missiles, and that she also achieved a suitable speed and managed to intercept this goal. Here is a very complex time resource limits missile defense system. This is the first direction. «
General further revealed that there is also a trend associated with the improvement of warheads themselves. Created units capable of producing profound and repeated maneuvers during the flight. This allows them to bypass the zone or probable interception interceptor missiles, or minimize the time spent in these areas. You can even exclude or seriously limit the ability to calculate the upcoming line of motion flight warheads and thereby impede the issuance and use of missiles targeting.
Well, there is the usual direction. This decrease visibility warheads in all spectra functioning missile defense capabilities.
«This combination of major assets and allows us to say that we have the opportunity to make great impact on our defense nuclear deterrent» — summed up his explanation General Vasilenko.
Meanwhile, the main result of the discussion of prospects for the development of the Strategic Missile Forces mission failed last chief of staff of the Head of Strategic Missile Forces, Colonel-General Viktor Esin. «Strategic Missile Forces are an independent branch of service in the armed forces of the country and enter the main contribution to its nuclear deterrent. And importantly, the cost of maintenance and development of the Strategic Missile Forces do not exceed 5% of the total expenditure on national defense «- said Esin. And despite the fact that the number of warheads and delivery vehicles RVSN more than 60% of the strategic nuclear triad.

Oleg Vladykin

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