Last Thursday in the Military Academy defense (Smolensk) accomplished Development Conference defense of ground troops. Representatives of the Ministry of Defence and industry discussed the state and prospects of Russian air defense systems, also inspected the standards of some of the latest technology. On a small exhibition in the conference showed different standards technology and their layouts. Greater enthusiasm is one of the featured anti-aircraft missiles, which bears the title «Pine». The fact that earlier this SAM is not shown at public events and past exhibition can be considered his first show.
New SAM close deeds «Pine» was made clear Design Bureau for Mechanical Engineering. AE Nudelman in cooperation with the Saratov aggregate plant. Like its predecessors, such as «Strela-10», etc., complex «Pine» is designed to provide air defense compounds on the march and on the positions. In developing the new SAM organization developers tried to provide him with a number of relevant features, providing greater in comparison with existing systems and increasing combat potential survivability of the machine on the battlefield.
As noted in the description on the official website of the Design Bureau, modern SAMs short range have several severe drawbacks. This is the highest price war machine due to huge amount of modern equipment, as the introduction of active systems of target detection. The last factor makes SAM antiradiation vulnerable to enemy weapons. To solve this problem back in the 90s Academician AG Shipunov proposed to abandon the introduction of sophisticated radar systems to detect and use them instead of the apparatus, acting on a different principle and unmasks himself radiated signal.
Apart from having a passive means of detection and the highest survivability SAMs were presented to a promising and other requirements. So, missiles «Pine» had to hit targets at ranges up to 10 km, with a list of possible targets of anti-aircraft complex included not only airplanes, helicopters and cruise missiles, and unmanned aerial vehicles, precision instrument and other compact objects. Another two fundamental requirements have touched combat vehicle and launcher. Required to provide an automatic search, detection and tracking of targets, also increment the ammunition on the launcher to 12 missiles.
In the official materials of complex «Pine» as a base for military machine There is light armored MT-LB chassis. But all the elements of SAM can be installed on at least some suitable chassis, wheeled or tracked. On the roof of the chassis shown in the pictures posted SAM installed tower optoelectronic system and two-gang launcher. Right and left on the tower fixed mounting device, which is set to 6 transport-launch containers (TLC) with rockets. With the rotation of the tower provided a rough guidance missile azimuth by tilting blocks TPK — elevation. Angle horizontal guidance — from 178 ° to both sides, vertical — from -20 to 82 degrees. Upcoming missile flight control systems implemented properly complex.
The affected area
a) Helicopter AH-64 — 100 m / s c) the plane F-16 — 300 m / s
b) plane-type A-10 — 200 m / s d) type of cruise missile ALCM — 250 m / s
For new aircraft missile systems developed two-stage guided missile «Pine-R» with the combined control system. Immediately after the rocket from the container control is via radio command system, which displays the line of sight munition. Then separated and cut one engine starter Interference-proof laser guidance system. Proposed missile to equip unique dvuhotsechnoy warhead with proximity fuse having a radial diagram. Last compensates for errors in building. Rocket created as a product that does not require additional inspections or tests for lifetime.
On the tower fighting machine SAM is gyro stabilized platform with a set of necessary equipment. On it are television and thermal imaging optical systems, laser rangefinder with the possibility of differences beam apparatus missile control laser beam infrared missiles finder also climate control sensors. All other elements of the anti-aircraft complex electronics housed inside of armored. This digital computer control, automatic target acquisition and tracking, missile control system, etc.
In accordance with the technical specifications, the new SAM «Pine» must have automatic search and attack targets. As stated, the complex can be operated in two modes 2. In all automatic processes occur without the participation of the operator, which can significantly reduce the reaction time. In automatic mode, the operator controls the operation of systems, but most of the processes carried a gun. Automatic mode is recommended for combat operation in difficult noise conditions.
Missiles and anti-aircraft itself protected from interference in several ways at once, embedded at the level of the structure. So, place the receiver of laser radiation in the rear of the missile does not allow to distort or stifle the control signal. Ground noise immunity of the complex is provided by the narrow field of view of television and thermal imaging channels (less than 6.7 degrees x9), also using specific computational algorithms that identify target its relevant characteristics.
Anti-aircraft missile complex «Pine» is meant to produce a finished fighting compartment, which can be installed on at least some suitable chassis. With all of this, in contrast to previous systems the same destination, the operator «Pine» is located inside the armored hull and turns together with the tower. At customer tower can be equipped with anti-aircraft complex more compact radar to detect targets.
In the basic version, without radar, SAM «Pine» allegedly will have higher survivability on the battlefield. During the search target complex emits nothing, which makes it difficult to detect. During the first 2-seconds after the missile launch control system works aerial rockets, then shuts down and management is carried out only by a laser beam. As required basic machine can be equipped with additional complex means reducing visual or thermal signature.
In general, SAM «Pine» has quite the highest prospects, but its future is not yet entirely clear. According to Chief of the Air Defense Forces Land Forces, Major-General A. Leonov, complex «Pine» has not passed the tests and municipalities have yet to discuss his abilities and prospects. After which it will consider the adoption of complex weapons. Meanwhile lasts debugging and improvement systems.