Antritis

Sinusitis.  Photo from www.abc-your-health.com

Antritis— An inflammation of the mucous membrane of the maxillary (maxillary) sinuses. Disease may be unilateral or bilateral, and be accompanied by other lesions of the paranasal sinuses.

The disease can develop at any age.

Causes

Antritiscan arise as a complication of acute rhinitis, influenza, measles, scarlet fever and other infectious diseases, as well as due to the disease roots back four upper teeth.

What's going on?

When sinusitis occurs sense of tension or pain in the affected sinus, impaired nasal breathing, nasal discharge, disorder of sense of smell on the affected side, photophobia, and lacrimation. The pain is often diffuse, vague or localized in the forehead, temple and there is at one and the same time of the day. Body temperature increased, it is often a fever.

Diagnosis andtreatment

If you suspect aantritis should consult an audiologist. To confirm the diagnosis assigned sinus radiography, transillumination.

Treatment sinusitis is usually conservative, aimed mainly at ensuring good drainage of the sinus contents. An increase in body temperature is recommended bed rest, antipyretics and antinevralgicheskie agents (aspirin, aminopyrine). In severe intoxication prescribe antibiotics intramuscularly. To reduce edema and swelling of the mucous membrane in the nose buried decongestants (galazolin). An important role is played physiotherapy treatments (light blue light solljuks, currents UHF). The beneficial effect of inhaled aerosols also provide antibiotics. In stubborn cases, resort to sinus puncture and washing it with a solution of antiseptic agents, followed by antibiotics.

If untreated, acute processes may become chronic, can develop abscesses, meningitis.

Prophylaxis

Prevention of sinusitis should be directed to the treatment of the underlying disease (influenza, coryza, measles, scarlet fever and other infectious diseases, loss of teeth), the elimination of predisposing factors (a deviated septum, atresia and adhesions in the nasal cavity). An important role is played by the systematic hardening of the body.

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