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What is it?

The most common of vertigo is spoken of as "the illusion of movement", ie dizziness — this is a wrong perception of body position and movement. Surely each person in his life faced with dizziness. Perhaps you have experienced it as a child after a few extra laps on the rides, or on an airplane, or when excessively spent in the company of friends holidays. Dizziness may occur at any age. If you feel dizzy for no apparent reason and not for the first time, you should try to find the cause of this disorder.

Why did this happen?

Vertigo indicates a mismatch of information coming from our three physiological systems responsible for the orientation in the surrounding area: the vestibular, visual and tactile.

Causes of vertigo there is a great variety. For example, if dizziness occurs when you try to stand up or turn around sharply and then gradually subsides, it may be a manifestation of autonomic dysfunction (vascular, neuro dystonia).

When dizziness accompanied by hearing loss, noise, and ringing in the ears, but at the same time you have a cold, it suggests that you may have an inflammatory disease of the ear — otitis. One of the most common causes of dizziness and balance disorder is a hydrocele of the inner ear or hydrops.

Long ago, in the XIX century, reported disturbances in the form of vertigo, deafness, ringing in the ears that accompany a migraine. And the people who suffer from migraines are significantly more likely than all others to suffer vertigo that exists outside attacks head pain. further define this condition as "migraine without head pain "or" headless migraine. "

Brain tumors persistent dizziness accompanied by worsening headache. A sharp violation circulation, e.g., stroke, dizziness addition may be accompanied by a range of symptoms: violation speech, weakness, and impaired movement in the legs or arms, loss of consciousness.

Many familiar dizziness, occurs when a sharp, sudden movements after prolonged sedentary work. It is accompanied by pain and tension in your neck and is often found in untrained people, spending most of the time in a sitting position. Cause such dizzy — blood disorder ear and parts of the brain responsible for the orientation of the body in space, resulting in muscle tension neck. Such feelings may have and people who have suffered an injury of the cervical spine.

Dizziness may be caused by certain drugs, such as antibiotics or drugs for high blood pressure, particularly when they overdose.

Finally, many of whom had to travel by air, sea, road and other transport, were tested at least once during the trip symptoms of motion sickness, or motion sickness. Currently, there is a fairly wide range of drugs to relieve these unpleasant sensations.

It should also be made to this phenomenon as agoraphobia. It is a syndrome of fear of open spaces, especially with lots of people. People with this disease often occurs dizziness when in crowded places, and in severe cases — even need to leave the house.


When the frequent dizziness should start with a visit to a neurologist, and then contact an audiologist. In this case, you will be asked to take the vestibular tests (caloric test, rotational tests), and posturography — study of the interaction of visual, vestibular and muscular systems while ensuring the balance. For the diagnosis of the disease possible hearing aid may be needed tonal threshold audiometry, acoustic impedancemetry, to find out the condition of vessels — an ultrasound scan or CT scan.


If you suddenly found dizzy, try to calm down, do not panic. Sit down, try to focus the mind on a specific subject and not turn a blind eye. If dizziness is accompanied by unpleasant and painful sensations that were not there before (numbness of the hands or legs, speech disorder, severe pain in the abdomen, chest), you should immediately call a doctor.

Systematic treatment of vertigo is to fight their cause, treatment in each case prescribed by your doctor.

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