Eye diseases in children

Eye diseases in children.  Introduction.  Photo from www.md.ucl.ac.be

Most eye diseases diagnosed in adults, can also occur in children. For example, an allergic reaction, contact with the eye of the infectious agent and other reasons, a child may be an inflammation of one or more shells eye — conjunctivitis, keratitis or uveitis. Injuries, burns, foreign body eye children are not less than those of their parents — in such cases it is important to quickly and efficiently provide first aid.

Childhood is the time, especially in school, most often the problem starts with vision — myopia andastigmatism. For as long as possible to keep a good eye, you should not neglect the simple prevention rules. If the disease yet originated, it is important to choose glasses — poorly chosen glasses can cause chronic headaches and poor performance at school.

In the case of progressive myopia recommended surgery — scleroplasty, allowing to stop the abnormal increase in the eyeball.

Another ophthalmic disease, which often develops between the ages 2-3 years — strabismus. Treatment of strabismus is desirable to begin as early as possible, as the disease never goes alone. On average, it takes 2-3 year and requires constant monitoring.

Infants and young children may suffer congenital diseases associated with genetic anomalies of the eye, or intrauterine pathology (eg, infection). One such disease is neonatal dacryocystitis — Inflammation of the lacrimal sac, which occurs when the nasolacrimal duct obstruction elements of fetal tissue. At the same8 10-day Baby Blush inner corner of the eye and there is purulent discharge. You can help your child through massage the lacrimal sac and instillation of antibacterial eye drops — but if, within two weeks of the disease is not passed, it is necessary to consult the child in the pediatric ophthalmologist.

Premature babies often suffer enough disease of the retina, resulting from the breach of its development — retinopathy of prematurity. Most infants develop spontaneous regression of the disease with no residual changes in the fundus, but sometimes the disease is difficult, and can lead to vision loss. Retinopathy of prematurity is very insidious — even if it may cause regression of the "late" complications — retinal detachment in adolescence. That's why a child who has had retinopathy of prematurity should be annually observed by an ophthalmologist — until18-year-old age.

Like this post? Please share to your friends: