Headache — one of the most common complaints received by a physician or neurologist. At the same time, the headache is not something very serious: the episodic pain most prefer to take a pill painkiller and consider the problem solved. To the doctor, we prefer to address only for very severe's relentless pain, or quickening of attacks.
Causes of headache great variety: changes in blood pressure, inflammation, trauma, and brain tumors, neuralgia, autonomic dysfunction, solar and thermal shocks, intoxication, and more. In some diseases, such as migraine, severe headache is the main manifestation of the disease.
In its variety of headache has no equal. It can be a long and dull or sharp and unbearable, can cover the entire head and felt only in the temples. So, under what conditions a headache, and what it is?
Nagging-sided headache often accompanied by hypotension. It usually occurs in the morning and felt in the temporal areas. It takes such a pain during exercise, drink beverages containing caffeine — such as tea or coffee.
Contrary to popular belief, hypertension rarely causes headache, if the pressure is increased continuously. But if it jumped sharply, most people experience pain and a feeling of tightness in the back of the head, knocking at his temples, and dizziness. Such a condition should be taken seriously, that it may be a sign of an emerging hypertensive crisis. A crisis, in turn, can lead to complications including stroke and myocardial infarction.
Widespread and so-called psychogenic headache. Under this name combined headache, which is the result of mental or physical stress, and pain with anxiety and depression. Under such conditions it is difficult to describe the nature of the pain — it can be a dull, then oppressive, then concentrated in the occipital, temporal and frontal areas, then spread over the entire head. Diagnosis and treatment of pain are specific to each patient and often require the involvement of experts in medical psychology and psychoneurology.
Headache is the primary and often the only manifestation Migraines — A disease associated with the violation of the tone of cerebral blood vessels. Migraine usually affects women: the first seizures begin between the ages of 10 and 30. At classical migraine first appears as a fuzzy aura of view, misting objects, etc. Then increases unilateral throbbing headache that can give the eye and accompanied by nausea, vomiting, photophobia and sound.
There are many Other forms of migraine. If you have pain may begin without aura, accompanied by neurological disorders appear in person, be sudden, brief and intense ("thundering"). Sometimes the attacks may follow one another in a few days, accompanied by nausea and vomiting. This condition is called migraine status.
Hortonovskaya (histamine) headache manifested by periodic short (15 minutes — 2 hours) seizures. They usually occur late at night or early in the morning. The pain is extremely severe, burning, boring, penetrating, appears suddenly and is usually focused on one side of the eye socket. Typically, the attacks occur every day for several weeks or even months, then disappear for years. Most often hortonovskoy headache affecting men older than 20 years.
If severe headache with fever occurred at the same time, it could signal the start of meningitis — Inflammation of the meninges. At the same time there are other manifestations of meningitis — for example, you can not touch your chin to your chest, you may have impaired consciousness. On the other hand, high temperature in itself causes headache, which, however, takes place after the aspirin or paracetamol.
Sudden severe headache (often with loss of consciousness or impaired sensation in any area of the body) occurs when brain haemorrhage (Hemorrhagic stroke). Typically it happens when an increase in blood pressure and atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels. Headache in this case, is often described very emotional, "this is the worst headache I've ever experienced," "in my head as if something had exploded." This is a dangerous condition often ends in failure: the subsequent movements and persistent violation of the sensitivity, or even death. Prognosis depends largely on timely and skilled medical care and, in such cases, the "first aid" should be called immediately.
If the headaches started for no apparent reason, and quickly became a regular and intense, do not put off a visit to a neurologist — such pain is often the first manifestation of brain tumor. Often the pain is accompanied by nausea, dizziness, double vision. A similar pain can also occur when hematoma (Accumulation of blood) under the meninges or abscess (Abscess) of the brain.
Quite often, the cause of the headache lies outside of the skull. For instance, cervical osteochondrosis, spondylitis, radiculitis and other diseases of the spine are often accompanied by headache. The cause of pain in the frontal and temporal areas may be inflammation of the paranasal sinuses — For example, sinusitis or sinusitis. Headache and facial violation of the sensitivity becomes a manifestation trigeminal or facial nerves. "Mask" headache may also diseases of the joints of the lower jaw.
Another kind of headache — Toxic. It occurs in cases of poisoning by various chemicals, or as a side effect of medication. For example, headache medications often cause lowering blood pressure, nitrates, psychotropic drugs, and many other substances. A special case of a toxic headache is popularly known hangover, Which your head hurts because of the effects of acetaldehyde — a toxic breakdown product of ethanol.
Diffuse headache may occur in quite healthy individual in a stuffy room (because of the banal lack of oxygen to the brain). It can cause carbon monoxide, automobile exhaust, fumes from paint drying and just pungent smells, even pleasant. Severe headache accompanied by solar and thermal shocks.
As you can see, the causes and symptoms of headache are vast. And no wonder, because the pain — it is a signal that the body gives us in case of danger. These signals are particularly troubling when it comes to such a complex and sensitive organ as the brain and surrounding tissue.
Well, not to wait for a headache, is to train the vessels moderate exercise, spend more time in the fresh air, drink without measure and not to abuse drugs. And if it is a headache, go and see your doctor or a neurologist and accurately and precisely follow its recommendations.
Magazine "Be healthy", in the "Health"