What is it?
Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) Is found in many regions of Russia. The first description of it was made in 1935 in the Far East, then it turned out that it is prevalent in Moscow, Tula, Yaroslavl, Samara, Tver region, the Urals. Disease characterized by the electoral defeat of the blood vessels of the kidneys.
The infection is caused by viruses genus Hantavirus, they are the carriers of forest and field mice. The virus is released into the environment with the saliva and feces of rodents, infection occurs by inhalation of air contaminated with particles of dried excreta of mice, possible route of infection and food — through products.
People are quite susceptible to the disease, but for those around the sick person is not dangerous. Moved infection leaves behind a lasting life-long immunity.
What's going on?
The incubation period is
Disease usually begins abruptly, with sharp and intense headaches mainly in the supraorbital and temporal areas. At the same time — in a few hours — increases temperature body. She quickly reaches
The temperature is maintained for
By the end of the second week of illness vomiting stops, fade back pain and abdominal pain, the daily amount of urine may be 5 or more liters. The transition in the recovery period is usually observed for
In the first period of the disease to recognize HFRS can be difficult. From acute respiratory diseases can be distinguished by the absence of cold, cough and other respiratory symptoms, and from intestinal infections — in the late appearance of abdominal pain and vomiting, which in the course of the disease only intensified.
The main diagnostic feature — a sharp decrease in the amount of urine and the deterioration of the patient after the normalization of body temperature. It is also possible laboratory confirmation of HFRS.
Treatment is carried out under conditions of infectious disease ward. Assigned to anti-inflammatory treatment, normalization of urine. Not used drugs that increase renal damage.
Comes to measures to protect against rodents while on nature. So, to avoid overgrowth of grass and food supplies should be stored out of reach of mice and ground containers.