The word "hemorrhoid" is derived from the Greek haimorrhoe— Bleeding fromhaima— Blood andrheo— Current. Hemorrhoids— This is the varicose veins of the rectum, mainly in the area of the anus. Accurate statistics of hemorrhoids is unknown, since many people are embarrassed to ask for help with a problem. According to different authors the prevalence of the disease varies from 44 to 86 percent of the adult population. The disease is equally common in men and women.
What is it?
There are diseases, talk about which is considered indecent. And not only speak and confess the presence of disease, and even to begin treatment. Young man in love can easily complain to his girlfriend that he had a sore tooth, or, say, a leg. But the fact that he hemorrhoids, he did not confess under torture. It's a shame. But why? Our soft spot worthy of the same respect and personal attention, as well as other organs of the human body. After all, one has to overall health, and the selectivity is not allowed. Do not hesitate to tell your doctor that you have a problem with the rectum — it is necessary to cure hemorrhoids?
Why did this happen?
The main mechanism of the development of hemorrhoids — hyperextension of the veins of the rectum due to stagnation of blood in the pelvis. Unfortunately, this tendency to stagnation, "donated" to us by nature with bipedal locomotion. Hemorrhoids occurs due to increased pressure and stagnation of blood in the veins of the pelvis and in the venous plexus rectum. Advanced sections of veins may ulcerate, thrombosed, injured and diminished, interfere with the free passage of feces and, conversely, the tight closure of the anus. All of these problems can be called in the following factors:
- Local treatment (enema, laxative abuse).
- Oral contraceptives.
- Overly intense hygiene anus, irritating the mucosa.
- Improper diet: diet poor in fiber, spicy foods, foods that stimulate the colon (tea, coffee).
- Some sports: horse riding, riding a motorcycle, riding a bicycle.
- Some professions: driver, pilot, programmer.
- Pregnant women.
Given such an abundance of risk factors, should pay attention to the prevention of hemorrhoids. If time is lost, and the disease still developed — in any case, do not be afraid and do not hesitate, and immediately seek help from a proctologist.
What if this happens?
Progression of the disease starts with a feeling of some discomfort, heaviness in the anus, accompanied by itching, burning and pain. During a bowel movement or sudden stresses are formed painful cracks, drop nodes; further they fall out and walking. The separated components are often thrombosing and inflamed, they may threaten and mortify. One of the most revealing signs of hemorrhoids is bleeding from the site, as a result of which may develop anemia.
Most often, patients go to the doctor because of the pain, which can be acute or chronic. Anal bleeding is present in 10 percent of the adult population. With internal hemorrhoids prolapse of the anal canal patient feels discomfort, often accompanied by swelling. The man is tempted to defecate, there is a feeling of fullness rectum and anus.
It is often accompanied by anal itching scratching and bleeding. Over time, may develop eczema of the skin around the anus. When hemorrhoids may be watery or mucous discharge, they stain the clothes itchy. Emptying the rectum violated human exhausting painful constipation. Often found fecal incontinence.
Diagnosis hemorrhoids place after examination at the proctologist: the doctor will examine digital research and anus. For a more complete study is applied examination of the rectum using the anoscope and sigmoidoscopy. Before the visit to the proctologist and research should deplete enemas.
Consult a doctor immediately even for the reason that the symptoms of hemorrhoids are very similar to the symptoms of diseases such as fibrous anal polyps, anal melanoma, secondary syphilis, rectal cancer, and many others. If you conduct a thorough clinical examination, the probability of misdiagnosis is very small.
I remember not long ago any mention of surgery for hemorrhoids caused mute horror. Who wanted to fast for 7-10 days in the hospital, undergo general anesthesia, and then suffer from the constant throbbing pain in the course of a long recovery.
Fortunately, the development of many treatments for hemorrhoids, including low-traumatic, and you can always find a way, the most suitable individual patient, which allows to get rid of nasty illness in outpatient settings: no pain, blood, grueling starvation, unnecessary embarrassment, on the day of treatment .
Early treatment will eliminate the pain and discomfort associated with the disease, and to avoid unpleasant complications such as bleeding hemorrhoids, rectal prolapse, abscess, etc.
I would like to emphasize that only the early stages of hemorrhoids can be successfully treated by these methods. That's why it's important not to delay treatment to the doctor. The disease is developing quite rapidly, and at later stages of a major operation in a hospital becomes a sad necessity. Hemorrhoids are completely curable, but in this disease requires strict observance of certain rules:
- timely treatment of constipation and diarrhea (diarrhea), the normalization of the digestive tract, regular and proper nutrition;
- restriction or denial of drinking heavily spicy and salty foods;
- a careful toilet anal area after each bowel movement. If necessary — avoiding the use of toilet paper and the transition to wash with cool water and soap after defecation;
- those with initial signs of hemorrhoids need to replace the hard physical labor on a light work;
- pregnant women to reduce venous stasis in the pelvic organs recommend daily exercises, walking, balanced diet with plenty of laxative products, a ban on the wearing of tight belts;
- the person leading a sedentary lifestyle, should be engaged in gymnastics, swimming, walk more distance.