Hepatitis E

Hepatitis E.  Photo from http://s88741803.onlinehome.us

Previously (before detection of hepatitis E) is disease, with hepatitis C, D, G, was part of the group of so-called hepatitis "neither A nor B".

The mechanism of infection fecal-oral, that is, the disease is transmitted from an infected person, which highlights virus the faeces. Typically, virus enters into our body with contaminated water, at least — is entered through dirty hands.

Sick hepatitis E virus mostly young people 15-29 years. This is especially prevalent form hepatitis in countries with a hot climate and poor water supply.

Weather in most cases favorable. The exception is women in the last three months of pregnancy.

What's going on?

From the moment of infection to the onset extends from 14 to 50 days.

Hepatitis E begins gradually with digestive disorders, deterioration of the general state of health, rarely with a brief rise in temperature. After a while, jaundice — yellowing of the mucous membranes, sclera (the protein of the eye), and sometimes — the skin. Unlike hepatitis A, jaundice does not improve the health of patients. After 2-4 Time of onset observed regression of symptoms and recovery.

Unlike other types of viral hepatitis, a severe form of hepatitis E observed a pronounced liver and kidney damage. In hepatitis E are more likely than in hepatitis A, observed moderate and severe forms of the disease.

For hepatitis E is typically difficult for women who are in the second half of pregnancy. In this case, the death of the mother occurs in 40% of cases, and fetal death — almost always.

For this form of hepatitis is not typical of virus and chronic.

Diagnosis andtreatment

Diagnosis and treatment of hepatitis E has been infectious diseases doctor.

Assume the presence of hepatitis E can be combined with symptoms of acute hepatitis with features of infection (for stay2-8 Weeks before the disease in a particular region for hepatitis E, the use of raw water there, the presence of such diseases among others).

Diagnosis is based on laboratory evidence, in particular, in the absence of serum markers of hepatitis A and B. A specific marker for confirming the diagnosis of hepatitis E are antibodies to the hepatitis E virus IgM (anti-NEV IgM) detectable by ELISA ELISA in serum.

Antiviral treatment hepatitis E is assigned. In this there is no need — in month and a half there is complete recovery. The human body is strong enough to get rid of the virus without the help of treatment.

Sometimes doctors prescribe symptomatic treatment to eliminate the headaches, nausea and other unpleasant symptoms. In addition, it is recommended to avoid alcohol, which can weaken an already damaged liver.

Like this post? Please share to your friends: