Pyarezhary, Volozhin District

Highest stone chapel with a shingled roof. But neither Signs nor inscriptions around the monument no. It was established in memory of the Battle of the Russian army with parts napaleovnavskay army in its retreat. Although painted monument in a reddish color in his Pyarezharah long called snow-white pillar. And treat him respectfully. But more about that a bit later.



I have long not surprised virtually flawless Belarusian language from the mouth of the Belarusian village people of the West. But to hear the literary language from a man not old, citizen, always a pleasure. Misha came from Minsk to assist farm families.

Reporter: "Change whether the village from the time of your youth?"
Misha: "Of course. Other culture has become. Previously, we had every Saturday each owed padmestsi restore order. It was instituted. Such was not, so to say a bad word father. Or a senior. It’s at this moment, nobody looks. Matrix peremat. Here we have the old man was in this house lived. One sits on the bench when, there is a person, let the child go. He shook hands, took off their hats. "Hello!" And so welcomed. "
Reporter: "And what about life grandfathers Poles? They missed this life?"
Misha: "Of course. His land was. That’s my grandfather was a land. Own forest. Isloch was about land. "
I always ask people about Nestor return grandfather inheritance. And always get a response, as Misha. He waved his hand. Say, what legacy, who will return it. What has been the Bolsheviks, it is not only deprive people of accessories, and the desire to return ancestral property.
Anna Mazur, thin old woman, in the face of which has retained many youth, considers himself a man happy. After her family during the "Red Army liberation campaign", though deprived of land and cattle, but not been sent.



Reporter: "Do you remember how they came?"
Anna: "Just remember walking here, shot, and we are about Isloch hiding in the dense forest. Cattle were with us stallions. Later somebody clicked us that" aslabadili us "," Russian came. "And we are with these cows, and they are already familiar with his hand waving. Russian. We know that the Germans did not. Not terribly leave. And already flying. "Aslabadili, aslabadili!" Whereupon on the expulsion took away a lot. Dekulakize. Who had horses, cattle, were taken to Siberia. Not enough who returned from there. People there and gone. "
Reporter: "A walking debate about it in the family?"
Anna: "No. At night come, take away. Nobody knows anything. Where to go and what. Nobody has returned from his own village."
Reporter: "And what were in charge of this" snow-white pillar "?
Anna: "Once my father was that once the war was going. Gen. some buried. French general. And later, says this post is buried a woman with a child. The maid was in The Lord lay on the child. States that he was buried alive. The nurse did not finish. "
Sometime in Pyarezharah had its church to the cemetery. She was killed during the second wave of the struggle against religion, in Khrushchev 60th. And in Pyarezharah barbarism had passed with impunity. Watching that church, remember only the elderly, but the fates of the militant atheists know everything.
Anna: "There was a cross. But that did not recognize God, pulled the cross in the woods, there pakurozhyli. And these people disappeared. Who was sick and who hung himself. No one survived. Who mocked this belief. Our church scattered. Baba went there read: "For what? This is our pagrabnitsa. Only then put the dead at night. I did not go, was at work. And old women walking, to save this church. Well, what do you think? Anyone who has come to scatter teacher, took an ax, with a cleaner. technicals So 6 years ill, was paralyzed. And he died. "
What a pleasure to follow the traditional work of the Belarusian peasant. Stallion, plow, plowed fields. From the time of Ferdinand Ruschitz this sketch lost his own glybinnastsi. In another Pyarezharah Nestor farmer in beysboltsy "Marlboro" tilling the soil. Talking. The farmer turned writer Vyacheslav sibling Ragoyshi, Michal. He does at a local farm. Certainly not on the agricultural settlements and not on credit hold our agriculture. And just such husbands-Mohicans. For which land — the main purpose of life.



Reporter: "And you do not regret that in his youth he moved to the city?"
Michal: "I was in town. Was and returned back to their homeland."
Reporter: "And what was drawn?"
Misha: "I do not like the city. There I can not stay to lunch. People around. Trams, trolleybuses. Not belong to the soul. Here I own a horse. Kalupayusya Little by little."
Reporter: "You make the plow. As 100 years ago, as two years ago. As grandparents did. For you, this work brings gratification? "
Michal: "Yes. Now the first day. Pabaranavav There, you can see the fence? Have fun. How took the plow, harrow for quite a different mood. Though arms, legs ached, but you need to."
Ragoysha — not only a writer, born in Pyarezharah. In the interwar time in Vilnius at the hearing was the name of Constantine pyarezhartsa Stakhovsky, better known in his native village, nicknamed "the Yankees." The fate of this extraordinary man asks himself on the screen. He was born in 1877, worked in Vilnius on a steel road during the First Russian Revolution participated in the Social Revolutionary sabotage. Escaping from the "secret police", with fake passports emigrated to the U.S., where he started as a handyman to the wealthy. Wrote two books about his own acts. Friends with Maxim Tank. Not once been in Stalin’s Soviet Union. Together with bitter toured by Gulag. And with all this was a socialist. In Pyarezharah hitherto lived his cousin — Galina Stakhovsky.



Galina: "This is my husband’s grandfather’s brother."
Reporter: "Have you read his book?"
Galina: "I read, but have long forgotten."
Reporter: "And then many people leaving to work in America? "
Galina, "people leave."
Reporter: "When they came first the Soviets, they were met with horror or with joy?"
Galina: "Immediately met with such joy. Kiss. Great fighters. Arrived on horseback in the village. Caps with ChUPami. Here kiss. And then, as prochuyali as border to be opened, there "Dark Raven" drove people. People also had large quantities of land, those dried biscuits. It was then horror. Steel relatives come here and told how "dark raven" walks and people missing. "
Reporter: "A previously did not know?"
Galina: "Do not know. Nothing. Way many young men went. Passed abroad. And who left came back. Pakatavali All of them there. And I will tell you about this Yankees. He came from America, and my aunt, sister, mother dear , lived near Minsk. And we here. And he in Poland, he was a communist, free trips to Russia. He was not touched. Only he came back, my aunt had braked. Sleeps. Ta aunt until a day or sleep does not take
a whole night, flew to convey. Alleged that the Yankees came from Poland. She did know that he was in America. Salute brought from my mother. "
Reporter: "And he did not sulk at her?"
Galina: "He’s in the morning, as the rose, it is still not there. How come, he says: "So what? In the NKVD was?" She says: "Stated. And what did you think of that?" "Fear not, I’m not vain warned. But went perfectly." He traveled throughout the Russian Federation. "
Constantine died Stakhovsky in 1949. And as stated Galina, left behind a great legacy. Which recorded a pyarezharskuyu own mistress.
Galina: "Here in our village was his lady. Uhazhorka. This Yankees. So here’s legacy there. In America. Prochuyali This is us."
Reporter: "And that Constantine had gone to America?"
Galina: "There and he died. Communist this was ours."
Reporter: "His legacy down for his mistress?"
Galina: "On his mistress."
Reporter: "And you have no grudge against him, he has recorded a legacy?"
Galina: "Even we did not think about it."
Ramansavy that plot! Such Dumas would envy. Throw all equity after the death of former kahantsy. And in order to stay in the living memory. For those who read books forgotten? But the legend of the abandoned gold overseas Pyarezharah will live forever.


Tags: travel, freedom

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