V. Yanchevskii: We are not monuments to Stalin

Znatkevich: You have been assigned to the latest post on Friday. Change something in the state ideology of Belarus in connection with your purpose?
Yanchevskii: You see, when time passes — something always changes. After all, life goes on, change the scene, and some approaches vary. But I will say at once: on any katigorichnye changes do not have to read because katigorichnye changes should be when there is some kind of force majeure situation. We thank God and the republic, and in the ideological sphere, and the economy — despite the fact that there are, of course, some difficulties, they are everywhere and always — no crisis, no. And if there is no crisis, why some katigorichnye configuration? Well, obviously, some innovations, new approaches need to be — without it there is no life without it there is no development. There is stagnation, and stagnation — is the worst, stagnation — is death. In Belarus, currently in effect all the years on all fronts always going development. Last fourteen years — is a continuous development, development forward, confident, very well, I think this will continue.
Znatkevich: Could you briefly tell what is now Belarus and municipal ideology give one example of what could change — some small configuration?
Yanchevskii: You know, it’s hard to give at least some definition, it will always be a one-sided or incorrect. Ideology — sure, and then you can have any claim to the words — these are the values that underpin the government values that tries to live civilization. De us is, of course, first — solidarity. Solidarity — is when people are united, when people is one, if not divided into small groups, at parties, on the classes that are fighting among themselves. For civilization, for the people, for the country, living in a period of transition — and we still live in a transitional period, the government system is built — because big changes have occurred after the collapse of the Russian Union began to build when the Belarusian government is independent — so here, in such period for all very dangerous isolation, very unsafe internal conflicts. Then, when it’s all very strong, all settled, as we litsezreem in developed democracies that evolved over decades and centuries — and there can be quite a fierce debate, even as we we see, people divided in half, about 50 election results 50 — everything is completely appropriate. For such a young country like Belarus, it is deadly dangerous. It’s practically a way to lose statehood. Because it is one of the values of the Belarusian country — solidarity, people must be united, target people and the country should be united. How should this be achieved? Certainly conviction. Not coercion. Suggestion — thank God, it soon came out in the country. We should not divide, we need not quarrel, do not razdyalyatstsa by government, religious, political grounds. There is one problem: build — we can say that it is a bureaucratic phrase, but it is in fact very Cancel — strong prosperous Belarus. Completely good and sincere goal. Here it is — one of the things. Second, for sure, the base — of course, we in the strength of our traditions and the mentality and history does not fit the concept, as they say, the state-guard when the government virtually nothing is not active or is not a lot of what is involved, not much for what. We, of course, the government must be strong, for sure a lot to worry about, must plead and serve not only the rich and lucky, and those who themselves while still in life is not found, those who are hard to …
Znatkevich: … how this relates to the abolition of social benefits nedavneshnee?
Yanchevskii: You know, a very fascinating fact. I think that in the end the amount of money that the government provides through the address system of social benefits surpass — or even already exceeded — the amounts that have been saved. Realize there really is completely exact thing happened — the benefits are collected from those to whom they are not needed, and added in the form of state cash assistance to those who need such assistance. It justice, it’s just fine, it is opposite to this principle, and it is not a contradiction. Please, look nedavneshny presidential decree — travel benefits elderly rustic truck on holiday period …
Znatkevich: … but because they had previously had it legally?
Yanchevskii: No, well, I’m talking about the current situation. Realize such a system is built makarom that none of those benefits that people really need, is not picked up. Climb those and those to whom they are not needed. On the contrary — large families, people with disabilities — are added. Targeted social assistance, by which a person specifically addressed it in almost all cases, many times greater than what the person received previously. Because in this case it’s just justice.
ZnatkevichHow important for the modern Municipal Belarusian ideology Belarusian language and culture? After all, the highest municipal bureaucrats do not actually use the language in political news municipal television the same situation in the ghetto status of languages — about "Dozhinki" can Belarusian, and about the economy or about municipal affairs — no.
YanchevskiiThe question is very normal. Bad thing that can be done to our native Belarusian language — it makes. Realize violence everywhere leads to the bad old results. And in this case — and, incidentally, we remember it from the early 90’s — when carried out administrative policies …
Znatkevich: … I’m sick, do not remember — I was in the early 90’s, for example, lived and studied in Minsk — I do not remember that there was some violence …
Yanchevskii: I realize, too, at that time lived and studied in Minsk and remember how it was introduced, yet not everywhere, thank God, but the administration was crashing. After all realize how we were communist times — though forced to go one course, times have changed since — have to go make a reverse direction, but the essence remained approximately the same as the Bolshevik, the keyword — "force." You can not force. That way, when all’s administrative, not the wishes of the people — let’s read frankly — well, of course, a significant part of people took a hostile reception because they are used to read in the Russian language — it happened, you know, it’s quite a different story — why it happened so perfectly it’s either bad, but it happened. And the reaction, of course, ordinary people — they used to read in Russian, and they are forced to read in Belarusian — well, of course, very many mental reaction was against. And this, of course, was a major setback for the concrete and the Belarusian language, and for the cause of revival of the Belarusian culture …
Znatkevich: Sovereign Yanchevskii, my question was not about ordinary people, and that the language used is not the highest municipal bureaucrats. Maybe it really does not make ordinary people read, but by the start of municipal bureaucrats read Belarusian?
Yanchevskii: … and forcing officials?
Znatkevich: … Well, we will not ascribe to me what I have not read. Why do not you show an example of ordinary people? From my own desires? I’m not forcing you …
Yanchevskii: Clear, clear. That’s the first part. Second part consists of the following — and about her, by the way, read our president. Why do we give the Russian language only Russian Federation? Russian language — it including our wealth. And it’s completely the right idea. Why should we just let her give in? Russian language did everything — all who lived here on this space the tremendous Russian empire. And because it is the same for us, we have two municipal language, it is also our heritage. You know, they say, the language — an exceptional sign of civilization. Of course, this is not so. Look in the world — Latin America says in Spanish, but it is separate civilizations. Americans, Australians, navazel
yandtsy, British — British base language, and yet it is quite different civilizations that are very different. Switzerland — multiple languages, people in a small country, they say to completely different languages, and yet it is — one civilization, shveytsartsy.
Znatkevich: It is necessary to maintain the monuments, street names for communist leaders and in particular how justified pochetat Joseph Stalin, during whose reign were illegally arrested and killed millions of people?
Yanchevskii: It’s hard to tell where already, as you put it, we have honored Joseph Stalin …
Znatkevich: … Well, "Stalin Line" has been named in this power …
Yanchevskii"Stalin Line" was a sign …
Znatkevich: … but its not so called, is not a historical title …
Yanchevskii: Excuse me, we will not deviate, I will say in general — and about Lenin and Soviet history about … Realize at the time when we will be very quiet, very tolerant of most people of different views, especially to the older generation, where very many decent people, just decent people to whom we really need to peel small bow — Russian war veterans, etc. etc.. But those we do not Bolshevik, not constructive, not extremist, with respect, with patience to history, to people, to veterans, to the older generation. Let any other generation, new people to stare at it differently, let historians argue — but without insults, without attacking, very relaxed, very tolerant. This, in my opinion, decent, intelligent, a good approach, so do not discount monuments …
Znatkevich: … tolerate and Stalin?
Yanchevskii: Realize we are not monuments to Stalin. You understand that they have been dismantled a long time ago …
Znatkevich: … but there is a memorial, "Stalin Line" …
Yanchevskii: It has historically been, and so it was called. You can argue, but remained in the memory of many people, that it was called "Stalin Line". What is disgusting that such a memorial was returned? Aware, so we read: Stalin was commander in chief during the Russian war majestically. I have — thank God and God has let her long years of life, as well as other veterans — grandmother. She fought the war and passed from Stalingrad — Stalingrad until now she calls Stalingrad. Realize such a position a person — with the greatest respect it relate to this person. You know, for sure, to enter into any historical debate would be incorrect. I did all the other moments admyatayu — here you can read about the very long Stalin and his figure, it is quite a different story, a very difficult, very difficult. But at least out of respect to the generation of veterans — and you realize that most of them belong to Joseph Stalin with exceptional reverence — just out of respect for those people who have fought wars and who have defended us — let’s maybe postpone this topic and will not touch it.
Znatkevich: In today’s Belarus has criminal article, which has already condemned including imprisonment members of an unregistered organization. How, in your opinion, is justified by the existence of such article, that it is possible to land all the people who organize any informal initiative, even those who support the municipal ideology can theoretically drop …
YanchevskiiLet’s really look at. Who in Belarus condemned?
Znatkevich: Dmitry Dashkevich, for example. 1st of the favorites of "Young Front".
Yanchevskii: Condemned. Here you will be able to argue, disagree, dispute this endless stalemate, but condemn hooligans and extremists, while not far away all those who actually throws and vandalize. If, of course, it may sound lame and from a representative of authority, but I will say that from the representatives of the opposition is unconvincing, since the two sides converge. One reads: "You are to blame," the other, "You are guilty."
Znatkevich: I’m talking about still Dmitry Dashkevich. He was convicted for his role in an unregistered organization. How justified is this?
Yanchevskii: Man resists rules adopted in the state. If there are laws … It is not a draconian law. Someone might read that Belarus more free time, someone is less. But this is an ordinary country, of course, this is no dictatorship, of course, it is not enclosed by wire stitching. Stroll the opposition, go, go, live, etc. relaxed. There are laws. Someone says that they are the best, someone says that the worse they are not draconian, stress, they need to do. Realize flawless no laws, it is necessary to respect the law. It is a point of reference, it builds democracy. West built on the right. They wish to protest? You know, I honestly always amazed why going to a few hundred people, and they certainly need to pass ill-route?
ZnatkevichBut Dmitry Dashkevich specifically condemned for his role in an unregistered organization, not for the company marches, rallies. Why for example, "Young Front", which promotes Christian, family values — registered organization, for example why the authorities did not cooperate with him, do not give them a call in the state media?
YanchevskiiThis is a separate question. There are Ministry of Justice, for some reason it did not register them. You need to respect that decision. After coming out of anarchy: "There is a solution, we will not do it." If you will not do, will break the law, the government can not not respond to it. If all the forms have been blocked for action — no ability to gather anywhere, there is no ability to express their thoughts … But have the ability and collected and express submission, and agitation lead. And nobody povinet that this agitation greatly few people respond. What is the difference, where to go — or the avenue to Bangalore. If the opposition was able to collect 50 or 100 thousand people, and then they would look at Bangalore impressive. Well of course, if 50 thousand is not going to going to a few hundred, then for it to be an event, certainly need some conflict. If there is no conflict, and there are 500 people — there is no action. But if there were 50 thousand … The problem that is not going to.
Znatkevich: You have been appointed to their present position recently own 32 anniversary. How do you feel about yourself at such a young age for this highest position?
Yanchevskii: Normally I feel as there is scope for action, and for me the character and temper the most important thing — if you have a lot of exciting creative work. To be honest, I never thought about it. I’m curious — that’s the most important thing, because if the work is interesting, maybe it’s even in life in general is the highest happiness. For me, this mission — a great honor, even if it sounds mundane, but I try to justify the confidence of the head of the country and do something bad and useful in this post. I’ve got no particular problems not me even a little hard to answer this question.
Znatkevich: There is a perception that one of the reasons your frisky career — it’s friendship with the eldest son of Alexander Lukashenko, Viktor. Are you really friends?
Yanchevskii: You, as a journalist, will sulk, because journalists do not love those answers, but in this case — no comment. Explain why. To be honest, do not want to read on this subject, all the same sorts of things that concerns such things as family heads of the country — you know, there is some ethical issue through that should not be crossed. For journalists, all of these topics are fun, but it seems to me that there is a subtlety that at a decent intelligent approach would be to respect and understand. So — no comment.

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