For the period of late adulthood (from 60 years) is characterized by specific changes in the emotional sphere Rights: uncontrolled affective reactions, susceptibility to causeless sadness, tearfulness. Older people may see a tendency for eccentricity, reduced sensitivity, self-absorbed and reduced ability to cope with difficult situations.
Reducing emotional robs new experience brightness, hence the attachment of older people to their past. One of the most common experiences is senile concern. It's kind of a defense mechanism that allows you to avoid strong emotional outbursts in a truly critical situation. Other protective Mechanism — emotional detachment, outwardly manifested as indifference. On such a man relatives say, he hears and sees only what he wants. But the emotional detachment helps avoid deep suffering — such as for example the death of loved ones.
In addition to the active use of defense mechanisms, typical of old age is the age and situational depression — even and sustained lowering of mood. Subjectively it is experienced as feeling unnecessary and uninteresting all events. There are three main types of depression manifestations of age.
One is constantly listening to the painful symptoms vividly discussing them with others. For him, overvalued idea — treatment, procedures, practices, doctors and medicines. To some extent, this is also a defense mechanism: close attention to their illness allows you to ignore aging as such. Indeed, describing his state, people tend to strongly emphasize the dissimilarity of their symptoms with age-related manifestations: after all, the disease can be cured, and old age — It is forever. Accordingly, seeing signs of old age as symptoms of the disease, man deny their own aging.
Ideas about the oppression
In this case, the attitude of others is unfair to the elderly person. It seems that everything around him oppressed — mentally or physically. The basic feeling — it's an insult ("I want to get rid of me"). Typically, a person in a rational way to prove that no harassment against him no, not because of reduced severity.
The trend towards fictions
Moreover, these inventions will testify about the special significance of the person. It seeks to describe the real episodes of his biography with an exaggeration of their own participation or can invent the whole story.
If the old man's anxiety, emotional detachment, and to some extent peculiar depression perform protective functions, feeling of uselessness promotes both psychological and biological wilt. He is often accompanied by a sense of insecurity. Unfortunately, this perception of life is typical of the elderly, although it can not quite match the real life situation: older people may have a caring family, bring real benefits, but I still feel a sense of worthlessness.
Feelings of worthlessness I have two sources. The first — when man ceases to be fit himself, and projects it on the attitude of others. The second source is the weakness of man. With the retirement of reducing the number of ways to be fit due to lower material wealth, physical strength, and this can be perceived as a threat to the integrity of the person.