In the report section on Belarus, says government pressure on civilian society, the legal harassment of opposition activists, as the continuation of the death penalty.
Belarusian human rights activists commented chapter report Amnesty International, dedicated to Belarus
In This year — 60th anniversary of the UN countries UDHR. On this anniversary, Amnesty International calls on countries to return to fulfill the promises that were given their predecessors 60 years ago.
Universal Declaration of Human person was adopted by the UN December 10, 1948. It was signed by all the countries which then consisted of the United Nations. But in the 60 years since then, far not all of them were of great principles recorded in the Declaration. And Amnesty International report segodnyaschy full evidence of arbitrary arrests and torture people for their beliefs about the oppression of freedom of speech, of the aggressive actions against peaceful demonstrations in various parts of the world.
Amnesty says Secretary General Irene Khan:
"It’s — 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, it is time that the government apologized for human rights violations in the past 60 years and returned to the promises they made in 1948"
Adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights still almost everything has changed the world. Issue of human rights has been an internal matter for countries. Forcing repressive regimes to human rights has become an important element of the policy of Western countries. However, human rights activists often criticize Western governments for what they are willing to punish with sanctions for human rights violations, countries such as Sudan and Myanmar, but more cautious approach to such principal trading partners and massive powers such as China and our homeland.
In the past year, these problems of Western policy read at a conference in Prague last Russian dissident, Israeli politician Natan Sharansky.
Sharansky: "This was always dvaistasts. Question in the proportion or the main focus of relations with repressive regimes is on the requirement that they have improved the human rights and political prisoners were released, or it is — the last point in your relationship, and in the first place — profit . And the goal of our struggle — to make the issue of human rights and the fate of the main dissenters in a day or agenda of international relations. "
With all this it must be emphasized that human rights — is not an instrument of Western influence, human rights policy — a policy of principles, not interests. On the complex relationship between human rights and political change read at last year’s conference in Prague transit project manager Bruce democracies Jackson.
Jackson: "I believe that we are exaggerating the role of civilian society. Plainclothes society supports democracy, it may be a condition of democracy, but it does not conquer democracy. Currently in Belarus more NGOs than in Georgia, and if some non-governmental organizations could grab democracy, the president free Belarus was would presently Alexander Milinkevich "
Amnesty International report today really confirms Belarus remains unfree state. In the section of the report devoted to Belarus, it is mentioned that in December last year, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution which condemned human rights violations in Belarus.
Listing the violations of the right to freedom of expression in Belarus, Amnesty International specifically focuses on the 2-stories: the conclusion of the former presidential candidate Alexander Kozulin, who is serving a sentence for a company of a peaceful demonstration, and repression by the authorities against participants in demonstrations today’s day Freedom March 25.
As part of the report, which deals with violations of freedom of association, said about numerous cases of criminal prosecution of "Young Front", which were held responsible for "activities on behalf of an unregistered organization." Also referred to the case of the human rights organization "Spring", which was liquidated in 2003 year. Last year in July, the UN Committee on Human Rights adopted a resolution in which regarded the elimination of "Spring" as a violation of the Belarusian authorities the right to freedom of association. Whereupon decision, the members of the liquidated organization filed an application to the latest recording, but were refused.
In the part which deals with freedom of conscience, it is noted that according to the law, passed in Belarus in 2002, provides an opportunity to work vsepolnotsennuyu only registered denominations. With all this many Protestant churches faced with numerous obstacles. Amnesty International cites the case of a Protestant pastor Yaroslav Looky. He was arrested on charges of "illegal religious activities" and then deported from the country, although the wife and three kids pastor — the citizens of Belarus.
The fight against the death penalty was one of the main activities of Amnesty International since its creation. Legal practice throws Belarus call these intentions organization. Belarus — the only country not only in Europe, and in the region, which continues to carry out death sentences. Even Uzbekistan declared a moratorium on its performance in the current year, in Belarus, according Amnesty International, in February were performed three death sentences.
Amnesty International — International non-governmental organization that aims to "conduct research and activities aimed at preventing and ending human rights to physical and mental integrity, freedom of conscience and expression." Based in England in 1961. In 1977 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
Tags: report, amnesty, international